Prebles' Artforms 5 Flashcards

subtractive color mixtures
Terms Definitions
mandala
sacred circle
Roy Lichtenstein
Drowning Girl
lines
paths of action
compostitions
organization of visual elements
subtractive color mixtures
pigment mixtures
EXPRESSIONISM Artists
Edvard Munch (The Scream)
hatching
shading consisting of multiple crossing lines
daguerreotype
An early photographic process developed by Louis Daguerre in the 1830s, which required a treated metal plate. This plate was exposed to light, and the chemical reactions on the plate created the first satisfactory photographs.
subject
Objects depicted in representational art.
Discuss the processes used in drawing.
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Political Protest
Pablo Picasso (Guernica); Social Realism (social causes and issues); Vera Mukhina (Monument to the Proletariat and Agriculture); Diego Rivera (The Liberation of the Peon); Works Progress Administration (WPA); Photography, Dorothea Lange (White Angel Bread Line)
Helen Frankenthaler
pioneered staining technique; pour paint on canvas (no brush strokes or paint texture); Mountain and Sea
binder
something used to tie or bind
art criticism
refers to making discriminating judgements both favorable and unfavorable
Drypoint
an intaglio printmaking process in which lines are scratched directly into a metal plate with a steel needle. Also the resulting print.
key concepts of architecture
function, form, structure
subjective
Evaluation of art is always subjective
art
the expression of application of creative skill and imagination
Museum
A place dedicated to collecting, caring for, studying, and displaying objects of lasting value and interest.
nonrepresentational
Art without reference to anything outside itself -- without representation. Also called nonobjective -- without recognizable objects.
Archaic
Assimilated influences from Egypt and Near East (late seventh to early fifth centuries BCE)
Define art.
An expression or application of creative skill and imagination.
Andre Durain
Brilliant, invented color balanced by some traditional composition and perspective; Discordant Color; (London Bridge)
word "rococo"
derived from "rocaille", meaning "rock work" or "shell work," a favorite motif of the time. It stresses purely ornamental, light, casual and irregular design.
Feminism
a movement among artists, critics, and historians that began in the 70s;
Feminists seek to validate and promote art forms that express the unique experience of women and to redress oppression by men.
Lucy Lippard (critic, men/women have different art); Judy Chicago (The Dinner Party); Nancy Spero (Rebirth of Venus); Orlan (The Artist's Kiss)
typography
the craft of composing type and printing from it
Tyler Green
"Museum ethics have become a joke."
Cross-hatching
use of fine parallel lines drawn closely together at right angles, to create the illusion of shade or texture in a drawing
Linocut
A relief process in printmaking, in which an artist cuts away negative spaces from a block of linoleum, leaving raised areas to take ink for printing.
beam
The horizontal stone or timber placed across an architectural space to take the weight of the roof or wall above; also called a lintel.
purity
The saturation of a color is its
Relief
In a relief process, the printmaker cuts away all parts of the printing surface not meant to carry ink, leaving the design "in relief" at the level of the surface.
Henri Matisse
French artist in late 1800's associated with fauve movement
flying buttress
A free-standing support attached to the main vessel (nave, choir, or transept wall) by an arch or half-arch which transmits the thrust of the vault to the support attached to the outer wall of the aisle. Consists of a strut or segment of an arch carrying the thrust of the vault to a vertical pier positioned away from the main portion of the building. An important element in Gothic cathedrals.
Overlap
perception of depth is created when one object partially blocks another
Eugene Delacroix
French Romantic Painter - used loose and open or painterly brushwork to enhance the viewer's emotional response to the subject of his pictures.
Statue of David
In 1501 Michelangelo was commissioned to sculpt a statue of David for Palazzo Vecchio, as a symbol of the Republic of Florence. He worked three years on this sculpture. He was able to give a depiction of the inner feelings of a human in the work as opposed to simply expressing the perfect proportions of the Greek athlete. He used David as a model of heroic courage. Contrapposto
Alexander Calder
mobile sculptures led him to create interactive, abstract in forms art, that was based on balance and the movement of air.
format
refers to size and shape; scale and proportion
ceramist
a craftsman who shapes pottery on a potter's wheel and bakes them it a kiln
storyboard
graphic organizers such as a series of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic or interactive media sequence, including website interactivity.
subtractive
Colors that are made from mixtures of pigments
font
The name given to a style of type.
Diminishing size
decreasing size of objects to imply increases distance. smaller objects appear farther away.
Beginning of Civilization
Complex social orders and high technical development
specialization
farming and animal husbandry
Discuss the difference between freestanding, low-relief, and high-relief sculpture.
freestanding: can walk around; low-relief: extends out of flat surface; high-relief: extends more than 50% from flat surface.
Rembrandt van Rijn
(1606-69) with his art, touched on every aspect of human life and left his mark on Art History.
-conveyed character and drama through his use of dark and light in his famous self portraits, fashionable group portraits, biblical subjects pictures and landscapes
-turned from the theatrical (study of emotions) to more spiritual life (static, solid, feeling great strength, monumental rather than dramatic human documents)
-used direct painting method, wet into wet and impasto to brings incredible richness to his brushwork
-an unsurpassed painter, he was was also a surperb etcher
Niki de Saint Phalle
irreverent aspects of Dada; St. Sebastian, Or The Portrait Of My Love
one point perspective
major receding lines of the subjecct are actually parallel
The elements of art
line, shape, mass, space, time, motion, light, color, texture
Fresco buon and secco
Painting technique in which pigments suspended in water are applied to a damp lime-plaster surface. The pigments dry to become part of the plaster wall or surface. Sometimes called true fresco or buon fresco to distinguish it from painting over dry plaster (fresco secco).
Two-point perspective
Two sets of parallel lines appear to converge at two points on the horizon line.
Egyptian Religious Belief
distinguished by its emphasis on life after death. Most of what we know about ancient Egypt comes from pyramids or underground tombs. The Great Pyramids built as burial vaults for pharaohs - rulers who were considered god-kings.
Cite examples of artists associated with the various printmaking processes.
Relief (Katsushika Hokusai); Intaglio (Elizabeth Catlett; Rembrandt); Lithography (Honore Daumier; Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec); Silkscreen (Ester Hernandez).
sociocultural theories
consider art as a product of a culture and value system.
dressed stone
stone used for building that is cut to fit into a masonry wall
Recognize the differences between representational, abstract, and nonrepresentational art.
REPRESENTATIONAL: Art in which it is the artist's intention to present again or represent a particular subject; especially pertaining to realistic portrayal of subject matter. ABSTRACT: Art that departs significantly from natural appearances. Forms are modified or changed to varying degrees in order to emphasize certain qualities or content. Recognizable references to original appearances may be very slight. The term is also used to describe art that is nonrepresentational. NONREPRESENTATIONAL: Art without reference to anything outside itself -- without representation. Also called nonobjective -- without recognizable objects.
in-the-round aka freestanding sculpture
Sculpture which is meant to be seen from all sides.
Discuss how lighting may affect an artwork.
Source, color, intensity and direction of light greatly affect the way things appear; as light changes, surfaces illuminated by it will also appear to change.
Discuss how cultural and historic perspectives affect our response to art.
art should be judged in relation to the culture/time the artist came from; our culture/time might see it differently
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