Prebles' Artforms 7 Flashcards

Romare Bearden
Terms Definitions
Ch 6
Drawing
Paint
Combination of:
Pigment (color)
Binder (holds pigment particles together)
Vehicl (spreads the paint; hold pigment and binder)
Ch 10
Graphic Design
plane
two dimensional picture surface
curtain wall
a non-load-bearing wall
United States
Neoclassicism (or Federal, Jeffersonian style) was also used in art and the architecture to show solidity, and order; this was a way of creating the image of a stable government.
shade
black added to a hue
hue
particular wavelength of spectral color
List and explain ways painting techniques differ from one culture to another and one artist to another.
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Gao Jianfu
The Five-Storied Pavilion borrowed perspective and colors from the West; Wood cut (Li Hua, Take Him In);
David Smith
his assembled metal sculptures, combined the formal ideas of cubism and the energy of abstract Expressionist painting.
Most important post-war US sculpture;
assembled metal sculpture balanced formal qualities with elemental energy; meant to be viewed outdoors with green landscapes; CUBI series
Romare Bearden
African American artisit, used collages to show expression, intrest of jazz and communication
pointilism
Painter Georges Seurat developed the painting technique using small dots of color called ___________.
Tukutuku
Tukutuku panels are a traditional Māori art form. They are decorative wall panels that were once part of the traditional wall construction used inside meeting houses. (nonrepresentational art from New Zealand)
illustration
An illustration is a visualization such as a drawing, painting, photograph or other work of art that stresses subject more than form. Used with symbols, type, and color to produce a visual composition to attract, inform, and persuade a given audience.
mandala
"Sacred circle": Buddhist diagram of the cosmos; sand painting; represents the impermanence of life
ceramics
clay hardened into a relatively permanent material by firing.
Classic
Greek aesthetics provide basis for Classicism (emphasize rational simplicity, order, and restrained emotion)
sculptures increasingly naturalistic (480-323 BCE)
Seurat and Cezanne
developed formal structure by organizing visual form to achieve clarity of design each in their own way.
FUTURISM
The celebration of Motion; added a sense of speed to Cubism;
Giacomo Balla (Abstract Speed - The Car Has Passed);
Umberto Boccioni (Unique Forms of Continuity in Space);
Marcel Duchamp (Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2);
Sonia Delaunay (Bal Bullier)
Humanism
Concerned with human form; Human body a model for God's Universe; A shift in attitude occurred in Europe as the religious fervor of the Middle Ages was increasingly challenged by logic thought.
tempera
egg yolk binder, vehicle water, quick dry, colrs change veryfine lines/details, fabrics
medium
a particualr material along with its accompanying techique
vaule
refers to the relative lightness and darkness of surfaces
photomontage
The process of combining parts of various photographs in one photograph.
visualize
to use imagination and visual memory to preview events or plans before they occur
silkscreen
ink forced through stencils on silk stretched across a frame
asymmetrical balance
Balance provided by various elements according to their size and meaning; balance is around a felt or implied center of gravity.
compliments
Opposites on the color wheel are called
focal point
the area or areas of emphasis.
"good art"
changes with mature, develop critical skills, develop an aesthetic awareness
Geometric shape
precise and regular shape; circles, triangles, squares
Tutankhamen
(King Tut) the best known Egyptian Pharaoh whose tomb was uncovered unrobbed by fortune hunters.
Mask from Mummy Case; Tutankhamen, circa 1340 B.C.
Isometric Perspective
uses diagonal lines to convey recession, but parallel lines do not converge. it is principally used in east asian art which is not based in a fixed viewpoint.
The Blue Rider
Wassily Kandinsky, "exact replica of inner emotion" (Blue Mountain; Composition IV);
Baroque ART
was intended to be both:
1. Doctrinally correct according to the religion,
2. Visually and emotionally appealing so that it could influence the largest possible audience.
chiaroscuro
use of Dark and Light colors to created the illusion of Depth
formal theories
focus attention on the composition of the work and how it may have been influenced by earlier works.
composition
The combining of parts or elements to form a whole; the structure, organization, or total form of a work of art.
round arch
the first true arch in Western architecture, it displaces most of the weight, or downward thrust of the masonry above it to its curving sides
content & form
what we interpret; what we see
wash
transparent layer of paint or ink; ink and waters to create dark to light values
Ramses The Great
Switched from building Pyramids to building many Temples
Pyramids too expensive and did not protect graves
Temples cheaper, served as warnings to others (Ramses is too powerful) and ensured Ramses would not be forgotten
Discuss the processes used in sculpting.
additive (modeling, constructing, assembling); subtractive (carving); substitutive (casting)
The Baroque style
dynamic art which reflects the growth of absolutist monarchies and is suitable to manifest power. Baroque is a style in which painters, sculptors, and architects explored emotion, movement, and variety in their works. Baroque favors higher volumes, exaggerates decorations, adds colossal sculptures, huge furniture etc. A sense of movement, energy, and tension are dominant impressions. Strong contrasts of light and shadow often enhance dramatic effects. In architecture, there was a special attention given to sense of animation and grandeur achieved through scale and the dramatic use of light and shadow.
Blue, Orange, Red
Richard Hamilton; used color to evoke moods from joy and serenity to melancholy and despair.
Superimposed thin layers of paint to achieve a variety of qualities from dense to atmospheric to luminous.
Paintings have sensuous appeal and monumental presence.
mass/form
the physical bulk of a solid body of material
porcelain
ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic (1350-1500C)
The Coliseum
The Coliseum in Rome is the greatest of the many amphitheaters of the empire
Opened in A.D. 80, it held about 50,000 people and was designed so well that everyone could got out of the building in a few minutes
Columns around exterior were Doric (bottom), Ionic (middle) and Corinthian (top)
Discuss the purposes of art.
Art can inform, embellish, inspire, arouse, awaken and delight us. Inform: middle ages (Tree of Jesse, Chartres Cathedral); Day-to-day living: delight and function (plates, Blackfeet Parfleche); Worship and Ritual: (Stonehenge); Personal expression: (Rembrandt, Yong Soon Min, Romare Bearden); Social Causes (Francisco Goya, Felix Gonzalez-Torres); Visual delight: (Miriam Schapiro "femmage").
work of art
The visual expression of an idea or experience formed with skill through the use of a medium.
List and define the types of photographs, each according to its own set of characteristics.
Photography; Film; Television and Video; Digital art;
Atmospheric or aerial perspective
A system for creating an illusion of depth on a two-dimensional surface that creates the illusion of distance by reducing color saturation, value contrast, and detail in order to imply the hazy effect of atmosphere between the viewer and distant objects. Also known as aerial perspective.
Discuss the developments and processes that have changed construction over the centuries.
first built with materials at hand; modern transportation and technology makes it possible to build anything anywhere. Post and beam; arches, vaults, domes; trusses; steel and concrete; suspension; green.
List wet and dry drawing media.
Wet (pen & ink, brush & ink); Dry (graphite/pencil, metal point, crayon, pastel, chalk).
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