Prebles' Artforms Midterm Review Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Chapter 11
Sculpture
Ch 11
Sculpture
vantage/viewpoint
single fixed position
Chapter 4
Principles of Design
plane
two dimensional picture surface
Rembrandt
painted numerous self portraits
Joseph Kosuth
One And Three Chairs
unity
appearance of condition of oneness
glass
brittle transparent solid that's nearly 4000 years old
photography
Literally "light writing"; "light drawing". The process of producing images of objects on photosensitive surfaces.
shade
black added to a hue
Kouros
marble statue; Archaic-(c. 660-480 BC);
Kore (female youth); Kouros (male youth)
The Bridge
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (Street, Berlin); Emil Nolde
Rococo style
characterized by pastel colors, gracefully delicate curving forms, fanciful figures, and a lighthearted mood (visually and physically). The essence of Rococo art is light. Extreme highlights are placed on the subject matter and the overall work is light in color, effect, and emotion. Artists paid special attention to fine detail. Form is characterized by delicacy of color, dynamic compositions, and atmospheric effects.
pigment
dry coloring matter (especially an insoluble powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint etc)
Wheel of Time
Tibetan sand mandala, 1997
Line
paths of action; indicate directions, define boundaries of shapes and spaces, imply volumes or solid masses, and suggest motion or emotion.
glaze
coating for fabrics, ceramics, metal, etc.
Utilitarian
art that improves quality or surroundings
texture
The surface/tactile quality of a work
Sociocultural Theories
Theories based on environmental influences such as the economic system, cultural values, and the politics of the time.
biomorphic shape
shapes based on natural forms
Identify and summarize the pros and cons of various painting media and techniques.
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REALISM
style in art and literature that depicts ordinary existence without exoticism, or nostalgia , or drama, or heroic, the paintings remind one of photography, labeled as " a cult of ugliness"
The Gloval Present
communication and technology; Mariko Mori (Wave UFO); Jaune Quick-to-See Smith (The Browning of America) mixing of ethnicity; Shahzia Sikander (Pleasure Pillars) ethnicity; Shirin Neshat (Passage) death and rebirth; Yinka Shonibare (Sir Foster Cunliffe Playing); Chirstian Moeller (Mojo); Francis Alys (Sometimes Doing Something Poetic Can Become PoliticalAnd Sometimes Doing Something Political Can Become Poetic)
Asher Jorn
European (Danish) painter; The Great Victory
impasto
the technique of applying paint so thickly that brush or knife strokes can be seen; has visible texture
isometric perspective
system for suggesting depth where parallel lines remain parallel
perception
To become aware through the senses, particularly through sight or hearing.
subordination
neutral areas of lesser interest that keep the viewer from being distracted from the area or areas of emphasis.
value
refers to the relative lightness and darkness of surfaces
Relief
In a relief process, the printmaker cuts away all parts of the printing surface not meant to carry ink, leaving the design "in relief" at the level of the surface.
The Laocoön Group
Roman copy of Greek sculpture
Loacoön (Trojan priest) and sons are attacked by snakes
writhing movement, tortured expressions, and strained muscles expressing emotional and physical anguish. (1st or 2nd century BCE).
Influence on Michelangelo.
Jacques-Louis David
(1748-1825) designed the style of the Revolution with the ideal of a free independent individual, painted Classical themes to incite nationalism and identify with Classical ideals.
Surrealism Artists
Max Ernst (experience in WWI; The Horde); Salvador Dali (Representational Surrealism; nightmares; The Persistence of Memory); Joan Miro (Abstract Surrealism; emphasis on color and design rather than story; Woman Haunted by the Passage of the Dragonfly); Rene Magritte (illogical form of realism; playful and engaging; Portrait)
Claes Oldenburg
worked with soft sculptures and large scale examples of everyday objects.
mixed media
art made with a combination of different materials
scale
the size relation of one thing to another, one of the first decisions an artists makes when planning
trompe l'oeil
French for "fool the eye." A two-dimensional representation that is so naturalistic that it looks actual or real (or three-dimensional).
Expressive Theories
Theories which focus on the artist's attempt to express a personality or worldview.
Vertical placement
A method for suggesting the third dimension of depth in a two-dimensional work by placing an object above another in the composition. The object above seems farther away than the one below.
warp
yarn arranged lengthways on a loom and crossed by the woof
visual metaphor
The representation of a person, place, thing, or idea by way of a visual image that suggests a particular association or point of similarity. Elliot Ervitt's Florida (water pipe is metaphor for the bird with its curved neck and thin legs)
The Fauves and EXPRESSIONISM
(1905-1907); Les Fauves (the wild beasts); expressive color (Gauguin, van Gogh) and color planes (Cezanne);
Matisse and Derain
Catholic Counter Reformation
Many of the characteristics of the Baroque art were promoted by the Catholic Counter Reformation. The Baroque style is characterized by the use of stories and characters from the Bible and Classical heritage and landscapes, portraits, and genre pictures.
Aesthetics
refers to an awareness of beauty or an elevated awareness of the viewer
art forms
An activity or a piece of artistic work that can be regarded as a medium of artistic expression. Music, dance, theater, literature, and the visual arts.
photo essay
a set or series of photographs that are intended to tell a story or evoke a series of emotions in the viewer.
The Start of Western Art History
Egypt
Message: Order; Stability; Power
Art was 2-D
Body was accurate, but each part was shown from the best angle
Used Hierarchical Scale
Men were darker (reddish); women lighter (yellowish)
Discuss the fundamental need for creativity.
fundamental need; essential to understanding and appreciating art; (Chinese: not merely copy, but rather must understand)
Calligraphic or Jestural Line
Line that varies from thick to thin
Purpose of Drawing
1. to make a notation, sketch or record; 2. to make a study for larger, more complex works; 3. to make a complete work of art
Describe and define the methods an artist uses to create illusions of space or depth.
Diminishing size; vertical placement; linear perspective; atmospheric perspective.
Types of Greek Painting
Pottery painted as
(1) Black on Red (ancient)
(2) Red on Black.
two ways printmaking differs from other art forms
artist creates the surface that makes the art work, multiples of the art work are created
Executions on the Third of May, 1808
(de Goya) a huge painting of an historical scene of French soldiers killing Spaniards near Madrid -Mood created with color and rhythm, patterns of light and dark organizes the scene - contrast: from faceless soldiers the light leads to a focal point, the man, raising his arms - it is the universal protest against the brutality of tyrannical government\
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