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|What is ability?||
Ability refers to the relatively stable capabilities of people to perform a particular range of different but related activities. Differences in ability are a function of both genes and the environment.
|What are the various types of cognitive ability?||
Cognitive abilities include verbal ability, quantitative ability, reasoning ability, spatial ability, and perceptual ability. General mental ability, or g, underlies all of these more specific cognitive abilities
|What are the various types of emotional ability?||
Emotional intelligence includes four specific kinds of emotional skills: self-awareness, other awareness, emotion regulation, and use of emotions.
|What are the various types of physical ability?||
Physical abilities include strength, stamina, flexibility and coordination, psychomotor abilities, and sensory abilities.
|How does cognitive ability affect job performance and organizational commitment?||
General cognitive ability has a strong positive relationship with job performance, due primarily to its effects on task performance. In contrast, general cognitive ability is not related to organizational commitment.
|What steps can organizations take to hire people with high levels of cognitive ability?||
Many organizations use cognitive ability tests to hire applicants with high levels of general mental ability. One of the most commonly used tests is the Wonderlic Personnel Test.