Chapter 11 Vocab

Terms Definitions
team
A small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, common performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable.
work team
designed to be relatively permanent, their purpose os to produce goods or services, and they generally require a full time commitment from their members
management teams
similar to work teams in that they are designed to be relatively permanent, however they are also distinct in a number of ways. whereas work teams focus on the accomplishment of core operational level production and service tasks, management teams participate in managerial level tasks that affect the entire organization
parrallel team
composed of members of various jobs who provide recommendations to managers about important issues that run parrallel to the organizations production processes and they only require part time commitment
project team
fromed to take on one time tasks that are generally complex and require a lot of input from a lot of members with differnet types of training or expertise
action team
perform tasks that are normally limited in duration. however, those tasks are quite complex and take place in contexts that are either highly visible to an audience or of a highly challenging nature
virtual team
team in which members are geographically dispersed, and interdependent activity occurs through electronic communication
forming
1st stage: members orient themselves by trying to understand their boundaries in the team and try to get a feel of what is expected of them
storming
2nd stage: members remain commited to ideas they bring to the table. this initial unwillingness to accomodate others ideasd triggers conflicts
norming
3rd stage: members realize they need to work together if they want to asccomplish the goal or task at hand
performing
4th stage: members are comfortable working in thier roles and are making solid prgioress towards their goals
adjournning
5th stage: members experience anxiety or other emotions as they disengage and ultimately seperate from the team
punctuated equillibrium
a sequence of team devlop,ment during which not much gets done until the halfway point of a project, after which teams make neccesary changes to complete the project on time
task interdependence
degreee to which team members interact with and rely on other team members for information, material, and resources needed to accomplish work for the team
pooled inter
form of task inter in which teams members complete their work assignments individually and then their work is simply added together to represent the groups output
sequential inter
group members perform differnt tasks in a prescribed sequence and members depend on only the member who comes before them in the sequence
reciprical inter
group members interact with only a limited subset of other members to complete the teams work
comprehensive inter
team members have agreat deal of discretion in terms of what they do or who they interact in the course of the collaboration involved in accomplishing the teams work
goal inter
team members have a shared goal and align their indivdual goals with that vision
outcome inter
degree in which team members hare equally in the feedback and rewards that result from the team accomplishing its goals
team composition
the mix of the various characteristics that describe the individuals that work in the team
role
the behavior a person is generally expected to display in a given context
leader-staff team
type of team that consist of members that make recommendations to the leader who is ultimately respoinsible for the teams decisions
team task roles
behaviors that directly facillitate the acoomplishment of team tasks
team building roles
behaviors that influence the quality of the teams social climate
invidualistic roles
behaviors that benefit the individual at the expense of the team
disjunctive task
tasks with an objectively verifiable best solution for which the member with the highest level of abilty has the highest influence on team effectivenes
conjunctive task
tasks for which the teams performance depends on the ability of the teams weakest link
additive tasks
tasks for which the contribution from every member add up to determine the team performance
team diversity
degree to which team members are different from one another
value in diversity problem-solving approach
a theory that supports team diversity because it provides a larger pool of knowledge and perspective
similarity-attraction approach
theory explaining that team diversity can be counterproductive beacsue people tend to avoid interacting with otherswho are unlike them
surface level diversity
diversity of observable attributes, such as race gender etc
deep level diversity
diversity of attributes that are inferred through observation or experience
team viabilty
team commitment: trhe likelihood a team can ework together effectively into the future
hybrid outcome inter
when team members recieve rewards based on both their individual performance and that of the team in which they belong
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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