Psy1300 Final Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
motivation
drive
Relative deprivation principle
noise
irrlevant and competing stimuli
Rett’s disorder
Progressive neurological developmental disorder featuring constant hand-wringing, mental retardation, and impaired motor skills.
anvilhammerstirrup
three bones in middle ear
submit to children’s desires, makefew demands, use little punishment
permissive
Implicit memory
unconscious or automatic memory.
side effects
risks for caronary disese
mechanorecepetion
detection of pressure, vibration, and movement, perceived as touch, hearing, and equilibrium
What is transduced?smell
chemicals in the air
In addition to controlling other endocrine glands, the pituitary also has primary responsibility for regulating
growth
attachment
bond between infant and primary caretaker
Obesity
a BMI of 30 or more.
Behaviorism
Began with Pavlov• Won Nobel Prize inPhysiology/Medicine in1904
ampht. absroption
oral: quickly, iv: 5 mins
decision making
the thought processes involved in evaluating and choosing from among a set of alternatives; it usually involves some kind of risk
gestalt psychology
school of psychology emphasizing that people naturally organize their perceptions according to certain patterns
peg-word system
a mnemonic technique for memorizing lists. It works by pre-memorizing a list of words that are easy to associate with the numbers they represent(1 to 10, 1-100, 1-1000, etc). Those objects form the "pegs" of the system. Then in the future, to rapidly memorize a list of arbitrary objects, each one is associated with the appropriate peg.
According to Weiner's dimensions of causal attribution, what would be attributed to each situation?
Internal/Stable
External/Stable
Internal/Unstable
External/Unstable
Ability
Task Difficulty
Effort
Luck
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and the mind
Psychological Test
_______________ _____ set of items designed to measure characteristics of human beings that pertain to behavior
etiology
All the factors that contribute to the development of a disorder.
GENDER
- so socially determined- what it means to be a male or female based on behaviors- Different cultures have different criteria- develops early on
Mental Processes
internal, covert activity of our minds.
Absorption
Oral : poor, long

Smoke : quickest, secounds

IV : quick, minutes
panic disorder
sudden onset of extreme anxiety, intense fear or worry, can last several minutes,
norming
the process of developing a test that has acceptable measurement properties
sensory adaptation
process in which sensory adaptors grow accustomed to constant, unchanging levels of stimuli over time
Prion diseases:Variant CJD
- caused by an unconventional transmissible agent.- Variant CJD was first described in 1996 in the United Kingdom
Sharing of activities & experiences (going to movies together)
Companionship social support
instrumentation
any change that occurs over time in measurement procedures or devices (changing how we measure a construct half way through the study)
field research
research done outside the labratory in in natural settings
comorbidity
The presence of two or more disorders in an individual at the same time.
T/FEven a 1 year old can be aggressive if he wants to get a toy that another infant has.
True
paranoid schizo
full of attributions of bad intentions of others
Foundation of neurosis, feeling of loneliness and helplessness.
What are archetypes?
Naturalistic observation

refers to the in-depth study of a phenomenon in its natural setting
◦Study of primate behavior in the wild


may have good generalizability



 
assertive style
way of dealing with conflict in which people express their feelings, ask for what they want, say "no" to things they dont want, and act in their best interest
The shape and number of point on a deer is due to:
genetics
cross sectional studies
a method of developmental research in which people of different ages are tested and compared.
Retrograde Amnesia
Inability to recall some or all past events
DSM Criteria
Impairments in all 3 areas of Social Interaction, Communication, Stereotyped/Restricted interests. Onset in @ least 1 area prior to age 3.
Behaviorist cause of psychological disorder
positive reinforcement of bad behavior, vice versa
Enter your front text here.
Enter your back text here.
permissive parenting style and associated child outcome
style: few expectations, no limits, lots of warmth (ex: hippies)outcome: immature, impulsive, bossy, self-centered, rebellious
somatoform disorder
a type of mental disorder in which a person experiences bodily symptoms that are psychological rather than medical in nature
What is dissociative amnesia?
Selective memory loss brought on by extreme stress.
What are the characterisics used to label abnormal behavior?
Cultural deviance, statistical deviance, emotional distress, dysfunction
type II error
occurs when we fail to reject the null hypothesis, and it is, in fact, false.
 
type II errors are symbolized by beta (B). 
 
Like letting a guilty person go free.
Are children today more arrogant?
A study wanted to know whether children today thought they were smarter and better than their parents but in actuality we are not becoming more narcissistic. 
FUNCTIONS OF A PEER GROUP
- groups generate unique values and standards for behavior, and a social structure of leaders and followers- develops friendships in order to foster trusts and sensitivity
What are an example of the harmful angents?
These are Infecctionus diseases-mental retardation or transmitted diseases.Smoking-high rist infant mortality and low weight babies.Alcohol and Drugs- can lead o Fetal Alcohol syndrom. Developmental delays
For Regis to think it's wrong to drive over the speed limit simply because he might get punished for doing so is demonstrating Kohlberg's _______ stage of morality
Conventional stage of morality
What is Huntington's Chorea #1
People affected twist and turn in an uncontrollable dance-like motion. 

Result of abnormal gene expression, specific to a chromosome. 

The relevant gene's instructions contain an abnormally large number of bas repeats of cytosine (C), adenosine (A), and guanine (G). 

Normal # of base repeats of C-A-G is 11-28times. 

A person found to have 29-34 will not develop disease but next generation risk

35-39 repeats, stronger probability of developing disease, but not before 75

If repeats is over
Erikson's stages of psychosocial development

Trust vs Mistrust - Infancy - 1 year: if needs are dependably met, infants develop a sense of basic trust.

Identity vs. role confusion - Adolescence (teen years into 20's) - Teenagers work at refining a sense of self by testing roles and then integrating them to form a single identity, or they become confused about who they are.

Intimacy vs. isolation - Young Adulthood (20's-early 40's) - young adults struggle to form close relationships and to gain the capacity for intimate love, or they feel socially isolated.

Generativity vs. stagnation - Middle adulthood (40's-60's) - In middle age, people discover a sense of contributing to the world, usually through family and work, or they feel lack of purpose. 
In what way are older deer advanced?
Older deer will breed in first month of mating season
True or false: Deer munch on adult trees.
False: But, deer to munch on young trees
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