PSYC435-Q4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
placebo effect
complex motor skills
What is social facilitation?
energy/driving force of Id
The psychological and sociocultural definition of masculinity or femininity, based on the expected behaviors for males and females.
eastern philosphies, represents unity of life

Graphical Depiction of "Analgesia : Sites of Action"

1. 4 (acts here)
2. 4
3. 4
4. 2
-focus on objective measurement, behavior, not inside the mind (a "black box") -learning principles apply to all organisms, so animal research is important -emphasizes environment and learning history rather than genetic background.
Adherence to instructions from those of higher authority.
In Freud’s theory, the logical, rational, largely conscious system of personality, which operates according to the reality principle.
condition in which individual muscle fibers contract out of time with other muscle fibers in an organ, producing no effective movement
Sex ratio for DID?
Female:male = 9:1
Top-down Processing

A type of perception

Cortex --> Sensory Organs
Voluntary movementMotivation/rewardDrug abuseMoodLearning
5) behavioral effects of Dopamine
a combining form meaning "sleep," "hypnosis," used in the formation of compound words:
A mental disorder that makes it difficult to establish reality.
Symptoms include Disorganized Thinking Disillusioned thinking Disturbed perceptions
Synaptic Cleft
Space between two connecting neurons where neurotransmitters are released.
When Tommy's mother hides his favorite toy under a blanket, he acts as though it no longer exists and makes no attempt to retrieve it. Tommy is clearly in Piaget's _____ stage.
tendency of the brain to stop attending to constant unchanging information
blind spot
where you have no receptor cells
Groups with which an individual does not feel a sense of membership, identity, or belonging
Behavior Genetic Methods
Family studies“It runs in families” does not mean geneticFamilies share genes and environmentAdoption studies (important but harder)Twins studies – compare MZ and DZAll genes MZ = 1; DZ = .5All shared environment MZ, DZ = 1All nonshared environment MZ, DZ = 0
Cholecystokinin (CCK)

Heading : "Modulators of the Gate"

- Nociceptive / noxious; opens gate

- Released in spinal cord, in brain

- May exert effects similar to endogenous opioids

- Counteracts analgesic effects of opioids (thus antagonists of this have analgesic effects)
This term refers to the electrical stimulation of the neuron causes a positive change in membrane potential
setting up clearly known obstacles to be used as an excuse for the poor performance; if you do well, then you're even better off.
A false treatment, such as a pill, "drug," or other substance, without any significant chemical properties or active ingredient.
cognitive dissonance
a psychological state that exists when related cognitions are inconsistent
Developmental Psychology
The study of psychological change as people get older. The fastest growing area of psychology is gerontology (the study of the elderly, and of the aging process itself).
basic theoretical research
tests or expands theory
no direct application intended
Time out-
 Misbehaving child is removed for a short time from sources of positive reinforcement in an attempt to extinguish the unwarranted behavior
Integrative agreement
A negotiated resolution to a conflict in which all parties obtain outcomes that are superior to what they would have obtained from an equal division of the contested resources
Paranoid Personality Disorders
Personality disorder marked by a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness such that others' motives are interpreted as malevolent. Assume others are out to exploit, harm, or decieve them, even if their is no evidence to support such a claim
Fine Motor Control

Heading : "Anatomy of Movement"

A type of motor control

- One motor neuron innervates few fibers (SMALL motor unit)
Afferent Neurons
Neurons that travel towards the brain / to a specific brain region

Ex: sensory neuron
moderator variables
a subject variable that interacts with an IV to either increase or decrease a participant’s standing (score) on the DV
Drive reduction theory
attributes behavior to the desire to reduce tension produced by biological or acquired drives
Psychophyscial (psychosomatic) disorder
Physical problems caused or made worse by psychological factors. For example, ulcers are created by stress.
Gray matter
h shaped in spinal cord - densely packed with cell bodies and dendrites
what are panic disorders?
an anxiety disorder characterized by unpredictable panic attacks and a pervasive fear that another will occur; may also include a resulting agoraphobia
Insecure attachment (type of attachment)
shows insecurity by avoiding caregiver.
An organ made up of tissue from both the mother nad the fetus that serves as a barrier and filter between their bloodstreams
both parents do not have to be notified for minor to get an abortion
Hodgson (1990)
What is memory?
Def. The ability to store and use information
conditioned response (CR)
The learned response that comes to be elicited by a conditioned stimulus as a result of its repeated pairing with an unconditioned stimulus.
what is psychogenic fugue?
a dissociative phenomenon in which a person loses all sense of personal identity and may wander to another place and establish a new identity
1) Epidemiology2) Prevalence
1) The scientific study of the freq and distrib of disorders w/in a popul. 2) The total number of active cases of a disorder present in a popul during a specific per of time.
Axodendretic Synapse
a synapse in which the axon of one neuron comes in contact with the dendrites of another neuron.
What is a theory?
Def. A set of related assumptions from which testable predictions can be made.
what is alzheimer's disease?
the leading cause of dementia in the elderly, accounting for about 60% of senile dementias




What are
transactive memory systems and what impact do they have on group performance?




What is the
relationship between expert recognition and group performance? What factors
make it more likely that experts are recognized by their groups? What are some
problems that prevent groups from recognizing their experts?

3 reasons for termination of parents right
- intentionally abandoned child
- enough neglect to demonstrate unfitness of child care: physical/sexual abuse
- parents' physical ability/mental illness: must be severe
what is a placebo control group?
a control group that receives an intervention that is assumed to have no therapeutic value
Types of studies:Pretest, Post testExpost factoCro
Pre test, post test - a research design used to as
What is the difference between orienting response and habituation?
1) Orienting response is a shift of attention to a new stimuli
2) Habituation is the adaptation to constant stimuli
Why do experiments typically test the null, not th
Statements can never really be proven true. We can
What are the 3 types of unipolar mood disorders?
1. Unipolar single episode: single major depressive episode
2. Unipolar recurrent: recurrent major depressive episodes
3. Dysthymia: chronically low mood
cues for depth that exist in pictures as well as in the actual 3d world
- binocular disparity = the 2 eyes receive somewhat diff images of an object bc of their different spatial positions
- motion parallax = diff images of an object that ONE eye receives as the head moves right/left
- pictorial depth cues (ex. linear perspective) = infer depth even in 2D pics
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