Psychological Disorders 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Hypochondriasis
Somatoform
Phobic Disorder
Anxiety
psychosocial/environmental problems
Axis IV
maladaptive congnitions
-Ellis and Bech
-magnification/minimization
-absolutistic thinking
Dissociative Disorder


Disorders
in which, under unbearable stress, consciousness becomes dissociated from a
person’s identity, her/his memories of important personal events, or both


DSM-IV
The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition), a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders. Presently distributed in an updated "text revision" (DSM-IV-TR).
claustrophobia
excessive fear of enclosed spaces
catatonic schizophrenia
immobility, extreme negativism, parrot-like repeating
Narcissisic Personality Disorder
exploit others selfishly
anxiety disorders
psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
Bio-psycho-social
Assumes that disordered behavior, like other behavior, arises from genetic predispositions and physiological states; inner psychological dynamics; and social-cultural circumstances
paranoid schizophrenia
schizophrenic disorder marked by extreme suspiciousness and complex, bizarre delusions
Conduct Disorder
Leads into antisocial disorder, criminal tendencys.
OCD
anxiety disorder marked by unwanted obsessions (thoughts) and compulsions (actions)
axis IV
axis: psychosocial or environmental problems
Schizophrenia
Literal: "Split Mind" (split from reality, think they are royalty).Symptoms of paranoia, hallucinations, delusions, inappropriate emotions/actions.
Dissociative Fugue


Amnesia, plus traveling away from
home and assuming new identity.


mood disorders
Extreme and unwarranted disturbances in emotion or mood.
Medical Model
the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured
Dysthymic Disorder
A down-in-the-dumps mood that fills most of the day, nearly every day, for two years or more. This disorder fall between normal blue periods and major depression.
fugue
someone's very stressed, and they have amnesia, then the flight from home and get new identity
exhibitionism
compulsion to expose one's genitals in public to achieve sexual arousal
eclectic
using more than one type of therapy
axis II
axis: personality disorder or mental retardation
Psychological Disorders
A hermful dysfunction in which behavior is judged to be atypical, disturbing, unjustifiable, and maladaptive
Rorschach Inkblot Test
A projective (unstructured) technique of personality assessment that requires the examinee to look at a series of inkblots and report everything she sees in them.
Dissociative Identity Disorder


–Two or more distinct, unique
personalities occur in the same person

–Severe memory disruption

–In 50% of cases, there are more
than 10 different personalities

–Host personality is in charge of
body most of the time

–Alter personalities may differ
radically 

–In 80% of cases, host personality
doesn’t know alter personalities

–Usually begins in childhood;
rarely in adolescence


obsessive-compulsive disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions
Treatment Anxiety- drugs
Anxilytics ( anti anxiety medications)benzodiazepines ( short term)Anti depressents work for anxiety too.
Phobic Disorders
Persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity or situation that causes substantial disruption in life (e.g. claustrophobia, agoraphobia)
Psychoanalytic model of disorders
view that psychological disorders result from unconscious internal conflicts
Insanity
is a legal term defining whether a person may be held responsible for his or her actions. Sanity is determined in court on the basis of testimony by expert witnesses.
posttraumatic stress disorder
after traumatic event, withdrawal from others, feelings of intense anxiety
somatoform disorders
physical symptoms are present that are psychological in origin rather than due to a medical condition
social phobia
marked and persistent fear of social performance in situations in which embarrassment may occur
Panic disorder
one type of anxiety disorderflight or flight burstconstant worry about panic attacks
Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
A kind of schizophrenia with many and varied symptoms.
Bipolar Disorder
a mood disorder in which the person alternates between a depressed and manic state.
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Person exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing (sociopaths/psychopaths)
a disorder characterized by antisocial behavior such as lying, stealing, manipulating, others and sometimes violence; and lack of guilt, shame and empathy impulsive- seek quick thrills disregard safety-physical fights, fails to keep jobs
Antisocial personality disorder (APD)
psychoanalytic model of psychological disorders
view that psychological orders result from unconscious internal conflicts
what behaviors are associated with cluster a, b, and c personalities?
cluster a displays odd behaviors. cluster b has erratic and overly dramatic behavior. cluster c includes fearful and anxious behavior.
diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM)(V)
the standard reference manual used to diagnose mental disorders, published by the American psychiatric association
MUPA
Maladaptive, Unjustifiable, Disturbing, Atypical
Chromatophobia
Fear of colors.
Acrophobia
excessive fear of heights
Psychotic disorder
psychological disorder characterized by a 'break' with reality
Attributional style
person's characteristic way of explaining outcomes of events in his or her life
Catatonic type
subtype of schizophrenia characterized by bizarre movements, postures, or grimaces
Dorothea Dix
(1802-1887) separated mentally ill from prisoners, established state mental hospital system
Positive symptoms
symptoms of schizophrenia involving behavioral excesses, such as hallucinations and delusions
Humanistic model
roadblocks that hinder self-awareness and self-acceptance
Biopsychosocial model
integrative model for explaining abnormal behavior patterns in terms of the interactions of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors
dissociative amnesia
a dissociative disorder characterized by loss of memory for past events without any organic cause
depersonalization disorder
a dissociative disorder whose essential feature is that the person feels changed or different in a strange way
Somatoform Disorder
physical symptoms without any identifiable cause
behavioral
(perspective on P.D's) behavior is learned through modeling or reinforcements of behavior, people are conditioned (through association) into behavior, the environment affects behavior
Waxy flexibility
feature of catatonic schizophrenia in which people rigidly maintain the body position or posture in which they are placed by others
Delusions
Fixed but patently false beliefs, such as believing that one is being hounded by demons.
Vincent Van Gogh
dutch post impressionist artist. painted "the starry night" 1889. mentally ill in later life. cut off his own ear. influential in the world of painting, very famous
Narcissistic personality disorder
type of personality disorder characterized by a grandiose sense of self
Paranoid type
most common subtype of schizophrenia, characterized by the appearance of delusional thinking accompanied by frequent auditory hallucinations
fetishism
a paraphilia in which a nonhuman object is the preferred or exclusive method of achieving sexual excitement
conversion disorders
somatoform disorder in which a dramatic specific disability has no physical cause but instead seems related to psychological problems
Sexual Masochism
inability to enjoy sex without physical pain
panic attacks
(anxiety disorder) episodes of intense anxiety without any apparent provocation
Antisocial personality disorder (APD)
type of personality disorder characterized by callous attitudes toward others and by antisocial and irresponsible behavior
Misplaced blame
tedency to blame or criticize yourself for disappointments or setbacks while ignoring external circumstances
Secondary gain
reward value of having a psychological or physical symptom, such as release from ordinary responsibilities
All-or-nothing thinking
viewing events in black or white terms, as either all good or all bad
ADHD (attention-defeciit/hyperactivity disorder)
a childhood disorder characterized by inattention, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity
psychosomatic disorders
disorders in which there is real physical illness that is largely caused by psychological factors such as distress and anxiety
generalized anxiety disorder
(anxiety disorder) constant low level anxieties
Catastrophizing example
Do you react to a disappointing grade on a particular examination as though your whole life is ruined?
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
type of anxiety disorder involving persistent and generalized anxiety and worry
sexual desire disorders
disorders in which the person lacks sexual interest or has an active distaste for sex
Dissociatiev Fugue
flight from home and assumption of a new identity with amnesia for past identity & events
Name calling example
Do you label yourself as lazy or stupid when you fall short of reaching your goals?
General cognitive manifestations of anxiety disorders
general worry to overwhelming fear, impending sense of doom
erectile disorder
the inability of a man to achieve or maintain an erection
Jumping to conclusions example
Do you usually or always expect the worst to happen?
OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder)
an anxiety disorder in which a person feels driven to think disturbing thoughts and/or to perform senseless rituals
Axis 5 - global assessment of functioning
overall judgement of the person's level of functioning in meeting the responsibilities of daily life
Myth: people who attempt suicide and fail aren't serious about killing themselves
most people who commit suicide have made previous unsuccessful attempts
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