Psychology Disorders Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Histironic
Personality
Manic Episode


•Excessive
euphoria and self-esteem

•Wild
optimism and hyperactivity

•Temporarily
lose touch with reality

•Frequently
have delusions

•Upset
it stopped

•May be
hospitalized


schizophrenia


A severe
psychological disorder characterized by psychosis and positive and negative
symptoms


axis V
axis: global assessment
mood disorders
characterized by emotional extremes
psychoanalysis methods
free association, dream interpretation, hypnosis
axis III
axis: general medical condition
personality disorders
psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
Depression
one type of mood disorder
Glutamate
In addition to dopamine, researchers believe that this neurotransmitter, which directs neurons to pass along an impulse, leads to negative schizophrenic symptoms if interfered with.
sexual sadism
obtaining sexual gratification from humiliating or physically harming a sexual partner
medical model
framework for understanding abnormal behavior patterns as symptoms of underlying physical disorders or diseases
Conversion disorder
physical symptoms occur without apparent physical cause, but because of psychological conflict
Deceiving and manipulating others for one's own personal gain is a hallmark of which personality disorder?A)antisocialB)dependentC)histrionicD)paranoid
A)antisocial
frotteurism
compulsion to achieve sexual arousal by touching or rubbing against a nonconsenting person in public situations
mood disorders: causes- biological
heredity neurotransmitter deregulatioon ( chemical imbalances)depression: deficiency in serotonin and or norepinephrine activitymania: excess norepinephrine
Dissociative Fugue
Similar to dissociative amnesia, but with addition of "flight" from one's home, family, and/or job
Panic Disorder
panic attacks, sudden bursts of anxiety
undifferentiated schizophrenia
schizophrenic disorder in which there are clear schizophrenic symptoms that don't meet the criteria for another subtype of the disorder
Psychological Disorder
a "harmful dysfunction" in which behavior is judged to be atypical, distrubing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable.
social-cognitive perspective
to explain depression, focuses on traumatic events and the influence of cultural experiences
Token economies
an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort of exhibiting of desired behavior and can later exchange tokens for various privileges or treats
According to the results of the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS), approximately one out of _____ American adults has experienced the symptoms of a psychological disorder in the past year.A)3B)10C)50D)500
A)3
phobia
an anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation
somatization disorder
a somatoform disorder characterized by recurrent vague somatic complaints without a physical cause
somatoform disorders
Physical sympthoms are present that are due to psychological causes rather th an any know medical conditions.
type 1
seems normal until they snap and change
dependent personality disorder
personality disorder in which the person is unable to make choices and decisions independently and cannot tolerate being alone
Acute Stress Disorder
response to traumautic event, occurs immediately, lasts a few days to weeks
Dissociative Identity Dis.
to or more distinct personalities exist within the same individual that recurrently take control of behavior
culture-bound syndromes
clusters of symptoms that define or describe an illness in a particular culture.
generalized anxiety disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by prolonged vague but intense fears that are not attached to any particular object or circumstance
Agoraphobia
a morbid fear of open spaces (as fear of being caught alone in some public place)
According to the Critical Thinking box on smoking and psychological disorders, research strongly suggests that smoking contributes to the development of all of the following psychological disorders EXCEPT:A)bipolar disorder.B)dissociative identity disorde
B)dissociative identity disorder
Narcissisitic Personality Disorder
respond badly to criticism or minor defeat
orgasmic disorders
inability to reach orgasm in a person able to experience sexual desire and maintain arousal
Internal Classification of Diseases (ICD-10)
The DSM-IV was developed in coordination with the tenth edition of this, created by the World Health Organization.
Howard is a 27-year-old man who lives in San Francisco. He has been fired from numerous jobs, usually because he got caught lying or repeatedly failed to show up for work. Howard has also been arrested twice for running various “con” games in which he
A)antisocial personality disorder
Axis 5 of the DSM-IV-TR
What is the /Global Assessment/ of this person's functioning? This is assessed on a scale from 0-100. (For example, 91-100 = Superior functioning with no symptoms; 51-60 = Moderate symptoms; 1-10 = Persistent danger of severely hurting self or others or persistent inability to maintain minimal personal hygiene or serious suicidal act with clear expectation of death).
major depressive disorder
a mood disorder in which a person, for no apparent reason, experiences two or more weeks of depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminishes interest or pleasure in most activities
Parents role in Eating Disorders
1 - Prevent it from happening!2 - Do not be ignorant to situation.
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