quiz 4 Flashcards

Sound pressure
Terms Definitions
apotik
pharmacy
cuaca
weather
dingin
cold
rumah sakit
hospital
bersembahyang
to pray
antecedent
preceding; prior:
kolam renang
swimming pool
raucous
harsh; strident; grating:
mauldin
U.S. political cartoonist.
perempatan
crossroads (literally "4 ways")
humane
characterized by tenderness, compassion, and sympathy for people and animals, esp. for the suffering or distressed:
effusive
unduly demonstrative; lacking reserve:
zealot
a person who shows zeal.
infamous
having an extremely bad reputation:
fastidious
excessively particular, critical, or demanding; hard to please:
redundant
characterized by verbosity or unnecessary repetition in expressing ideas; prolix:
innovative
tending to innovate or characterized by innovation.
vindictive
disposed or inclined to revenge; vengeful:
acrimonious
caustic, stinging, or bitter in nature, speech, behavior, etc.:
catholicity
broad-mindedness or liberality, as of tastes, interests, or views.
paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
cynical
a person who believes that only selfishness motivates human actions and who disbelieves in or minimizes selfless acts or disinterested points of view.
dilapidated
to cause or allow a building, automobile, etc. to fall into a state of disrepair, as by misuse or neglect often used passively:
incite
to stir, encourage, or urge on; stimulate or prompt to action:
obscure
(of meaning) not clear or plain; ambiguous, vague, or uncertain:
catharsis
the purging of the emotions or relieving of emotional tensions, esp. through certain kinds of art, as tragedy or music.
juxtapose
to place close together or side by side, esp. for comparison or contrast.
teeming
to abound or swarm; be prolific or fertile usually fol. by with.
optimistic
disposed to take a favorable view of events or conditions and to expect the most favorable outcome.
vacillate
to waver in mind or opinion; be indecisive or irresolute:
loquacious
talking or tending to talk much or freely; talkative; chattering; babbling; garrulous:
grapple
to seize another, or each other, in a firm grip, as in wrestling; clinch.
egress
a means or place of going out; an exit.
Parthenon
Unknown
Exploratorium
Safdie
Villa Rotunda
Palladio
Cathedral Chartres
Unknown
Schroeder House
Rietveld
Mother's House
Venturi
Gut Garkau
Hugo Haering
Foam House
Charles Harker
Central Beheer Officer
Hertzberg
Austin City Plan
Waller
Dipoli Student Union
Pietila
Chapel Ronchamps
Le Corbusier
Guggenheim, NY
Frank Lloyd Wright
St. Ignatius Chapel
Steven Holl
Zollverein School of Design
Seijima
Barcelona Pavilion
Mies van der Rohe
Chateau Vax-le-Vicomte
Le Vau, Le Notre, Le Brun
Barcelona Pavilion and Farnsworth House
Mies van der Rohe
Mies van der Rohe
1. Society depends on institutions. 2. Collective knowledge is man's great teacher. 3.There is a standard for beauty. 4. Construction and structure primary criteria for arch.
Function
pragmatics
Toward the front.
Anterior
Labiodental
f , v
Hyaline
Elastic
Fibrocartlige
3 Types of Cartilge
CN I - Olfactory
Function:
Type:
Smell
Sensory
Extrapyramidal Tract
Inhibitory
Indirect activation system
Damage results in dyskinesia
Norm-referenced testing measure _______ and/or ______, not __________.
content;
form;
use
Contraction accomplished without benefit of nerve fibers
Ephatic Conduction
The Superior Longitudinal muscle assists in turning the ____ margins ___.
Lateral
Upward
Sound Pressure unit =
Pascal (Pa)
Diagnostic
therapy baseline, case history, analysis, etc.
Domains of language
Form, content, use
These have similar components but shaped differently depending on place
Vertebrae
The Quadrangular Membrane sits above the __ and ____ ligaments
Vocal
Ventricular
Covers muscle fibers and separates them from eachother and joins with others to form a functional muscle
Endomysium
3 types of malocclusion are
Open
Closed
Lateral Open
See/Move = 3
CN III - Oculormotor
A fertilized egg is a ______.
Zygote
An examination of how a child’s
performance on a particular language task
improves by giving the child different types
of assistance. Typically used as part of a
comprehensive language assessment.
Dynamic
Assessment
Pattern Analysis
for children with multiple articulation errors.
Skills associated with good Phonological Awareness
rhyming
alliteration
phonemic isolation
sound blending
syllable identification
sound segmentation
invented spellings
phoneme manipulation
T/F: Under the Auditory Perceptual Deficit Approach, poor performance on auditory tests is an indicator of poor language performance and vice versa.
False.
Standardized tests should always be ______ the same way and ______ scored the same way no matter who ______ it or ______ it.
given;
scored;
scores;
takes
Reformulation
An adult response to a child’s utterance in which the adult adds to the child’s utterance to provide a more complex example of what the child has said
The ridgelike structure present at the bifurcation of the trachea into the bronchi
Carina
Ventricularis
O I A
Origin: lateral border of arytenoids
Inserion: lateral margin of the epiglottis (also attaches to teh ventricular ligament)
Action: affects ventricular folds
Thyroid make up
Quadrilateral plates (aka: thyriod lamena)
- Lateral edge: superior cornu and inferior cornu
- Thyroid notch: upper central junction of 2 plates
- Thyroid promiance: at the base of the notch. protects anterior larynx (aka: adam's apple)
Study of physiology in which experiments are carried out on animal or humal subjects
Experimental Physiology
Made up of highly specialized cells
Elongated
Extrememly irritable
Nervous Tissue
The wing-like protrusion of the mandible that is a point of attachment for the temporalis muscle
Coronoid Process
The superior and middle nasal conchae sit ______ to the perpendicular plate
Lateral
The Velum (soft palate) ____ and ______ the airway to the _____ passages.
Opens
Closes
Nasal
A Class II Occlusion ____ affect speech production
Can
Vessicles pass through the synaptic knob's membrane into the ____ ___
Synaptic Cleft
How big is a synaptic cleft?
.01 microns
When does the soft palate fuse?
10th-12th week
When do the Alar Plates develop?
Week 6
A type of sentential ambiguity in which
varying pronunciations of a word change
the meaning of a sentence. Example: She
needs to visit her psychotherapist vs. She
needs to visit her psycho therapist.
Phonological
ambiguity
Treatment plan strategies in which the adult
(therapist, teacher, parent) selects the
activities and materials and sets the pace of
instruction. One example is comprehension
monitoring.
Cliniciandirected
approaches
CPAC - Recording Errors
Leave blank if correct
subsitutions,
omissions -
additions +
Standard Measures for Dyarthia
-Frenchay Dys. Assessment
-Assessment of Intelligibility of Dysarthic Speakers
-Dysarthic Examination Battery
Inferential Language of Assessment
Language reflects professional's conclusions based on data obtained. Use "seems/appears" to describe.
Standard deviation
The measure of dispersion or variability in a distribution. On a bell curve, 68% of scores would be expected to be within 1 SD (on either side) of the mean.
__% accuracy denotes a mastery level of learning.
80-90
.
______ is completely closed ear canal without any opening whatsoever from the auricle through to the tympanic membrane.
Atresia
Subcostals
O, I, A
FORCED MINOR MUSCLE OF EXPIRATION
- vary in number
- Origin: near angles (sharp turns) on the innder surface of ribs
- Insertion: 2-3 ribs below origin
Action: pull ribs down to reduce size of thoracic cage
Diaphragm Features
- Muscle & tendon
- 2nd most important organ next to heart
- Inverted bowl shape
The structure of the larynx is ______ among people
Consistent
Study of anatomy which is conderned with its application to a specialized field
Applied/Practical Anatomoy
Study of functions of living animals as a whole
Animal Physiology
The Incivius Labii Supeior is a _____ muscle that helps ___ and ____ the lips
Parallel
Pucker
Round
The Pharyngeal Tonsils are located in the _____ wall of the ______.
Posterior
Nasopharynx
The Paired Nasal Cavitites are divided by the ____ ____.
Nasal Septum
The 4 Sutures of the Parietal Bones are
(SCooLS)
Sagittal
Coronal
Lambdoid
Squamisol
Infraversion is when:
Tooth is insufficiently errupted to meet the line of occlusion with the opposing tooth
Broca's Area is located in the ____ Lobe of the _____.
Frontal
Cerebrum
The Occipital Lobe is part of the _____.
Cerebrum
In Spinal Cord, Gray Matter is _____ to White Matter
Deep
Mixed nerves are ____ and _____.
Efferent (Motor)
Afferent (Sensory)
As the face develops, all of the components move from their _____ positions _______.
Lateral
Medial
phoneme
a speech sound that is capable of differentiating morphemes.
for. example. "look" becomes "book" when you change one phoneme. The phoneme differentiates the 2 morphemes "look" and "book"
HEARING LEVEL (HL)
dB measured in Hearing Level (HL)--Converted from dB SPL to db HL
Audiogram determines each patient’s individual threshold
7.5 db SPL at 1,000 Hz = 0 db HL
Each frequency at 0 db HL represents a different value SPL
dysarthia
muscle issue due to nerve damage or some other injury
Childhood/Developmental Apraxia aka Developemental Verbal Apraxia
childhood disorder of unknown etiology; errors are similar to adults
Hearing Impairment Prosodic Distrubances
limited fluency
increased rate of dysfluency
slow rate of speech
inapproriate pauses
Deliberate Speech - Demonstrate
use turtle and talk slow
Positive/negative likelihood ratio
confidence of having/not having a disorder
Diagnostic accuracy is related to _______ ______ ________.
evidence based assessment
Specific Disabilities Model uses a profile of score that identifies __________ and ___________.
strengths and weaknesses
there's usually not a great deal of hearing loss in _____.
stenosis
Transverse Abdominus
O, I, A
FORCED MINOR MUSCLE OF EXPIRATION
- Origin: inguinal ligament, iliac crest, lumabr fascia, lowest 6 costal cartilages
- Insertion: xiphoid process, linea alba, pubic symphysis
- Action: compresses abdominal wall, forcing diaphragm up
When do lungs contract?
When internal and atmospheric pressure are equal
____ ____ are embedded in the lateral hyothyroid ligaments
Triticial Cartilages
Tendons, Ligaments, Fascia, Reticular
4 Types of Dense Connective Tissue
Composed only of a single layer of flat cells
Endothelial Tissue
The Inferior Nasal Conchae are AKA the ______.
Turbinates (Inferior)
This is the superior portion of the nasal septum that is part of the Ethmoid Bone
Perpendicular Plate
The ___ ____of the Occipital Bone articulate with the ____ ____ of the Atlas
Occipital Condyle
Superior Facets
The Parietal and Frontal Bones join at the ___ ___.
Coronal Suture
The Squamosol Suture is the joining of the _____ and _____ bones.
Parietal
Temporal
The _____ is the largest part of the human brain
Cerebrum
Which part of the Blastocyst becomes the placenta?
Trophoblasts (outer layer)
What is another name for the Primary Palate?
Primitive Palate
What additional equipment does a Diagnostic/Clinical Audiometer contain?
• Presentation Indicator-Changes the presentation of the tone from interrupted (normal choice) to pulsed, continuous, or warble tones
• Function Indicator-changes the audiometer function from microphone to air conduction, to bone conduction or to speech testing
• Microphone-Allows you to communicate with the patient while the headset occludes the ears
• Monitor-Important when you use a two-room test suite, a sound booth, or recorded speech tests
• Masking Control-produces a white or other noise to isolate an ear during certain tests
• CD Player (or tape player)-used for speech testing
• VU Meter-Monitors the input level by an averaging voltmeter called a Volume units or VU meter. The meter reads in dB VU, implying an electrical reference in watts.
How a disease affects the quality of life of a
child and his or her family, including
possible impacts on social, psychological,
and educational function.
Participation in
Life
Vocal Folds
attach to the vocal processes of the arytenoids posteriorly and to the the thyroid cartilage anteriorly at the thyroid notch
Code Mixing
a word from an alternative language is used within a given sentence:
Dame el fork.
T-scores
like Z-scores; mean is 50 and SD is 10; a client with a T-score of 35 would be 1.5 SDs below mean, equivalent to a z-score of -1.5
Cholesteatoma caused by:
Skin introduced to ME, causes pseudo tumour
The surface of the lung that sits next to the mediastinum
Mediastinal surface
Two ligaments of the Cricoarytenoid Joint
- Posterior Crocoarytenoid Ligament
- Anterior Cricoarytenoid Ligament (often absent)
The Stylohyoid Ligaments suspend the _____ ___ to the ____ of the ____.
Hyoid Bone
Base of the Skull
Another name for the buccal fat pad is the
Suckling Pad
CN IV - Trochlear ("See Clear")
Function:
Type:
- Visual tracking (down/outward)
- Motor
The inside of the neural tube is the ___ ____.
Neural Canal
Assume a 1000 Hz pure tone. At 80dB SPL is ____ as loud as 70 dB SLP, and ____as loud as 90 dB SPL.
twice, half
School Age Screening Informal
Lower Elementary
establish rapport
use braver kids to model
repeat sounds and sentences
Conversation
for Paired Stimuli at Conversation Level - when is training finished
when client produces target successfully on 15 CONSECUTIVE opportunities in CONVERSATION held on TWO successive treatments that are separated by at least ONE day
High priority goals
Forms and functions used in 1-10% of required contexts, but understood in receptive task formats
2 articulation points of the clavices
- Medial: with manubrium
- Lateral: with scapula (to form shoulder girdle)
Lateral Cricoarytenoid Muscle
O I A
Origin: lateral borders of the cricoid cartilages
Insertion: muscular processes at the outside corners of each arytenoid
Action: adduct arytenoids & squeeze anterior tips of vocal processes and vocal ligament tightly together
This muscle forms the bulk of the soft palate
Levetor Veli Palatine
The Short Intersegmental Fibers of the White Matter of the Spinal Cord mediate ____ ___.
Reflexive Behavior
(Note: cannot find good backup data on this - only from lecture. can't find it anywhere else)
What begins to differentiate during week 2?
Cells of the primary germ layers
0 dB SPL =
μ = 1 millionth part of
20 μ Pa
What is modeling during therapy?
use of clinician, another person, or toy as speech example (extra person serves as a role model)
To incorporate EBP into Practice one must do these 5 things...
(1) Formulate clinical equestions using PICO
(2) Use internal evidence to determine 1st approach
(3) Find external evidence based
(4) Integrate internal and external evidence
(5) Evaluate the decision by documenting outcomes
2 Features of vertebrosternal ribs
- 7 in number
- attach to sternum directly or with costal cartilage and to thoracic spine
Two physical attributes of Respiratory Bronchioles
- No cartilage
- Increase in bronchial muscle tissue
Shape and position of the cuneiform cartilages
- small, rod-shaped
- embedded in aryepiglottic fold
- anterior to corniculate cartilages
The 3 parts of the Palate are the
Alveolare Arch
Hard Palate
Soft Palate (Velum)
These combine to form a complete spinal nerve loop
The ventral (efferent) and dorsal (afferent) roots
Name 5 major growth occurances that happen toward the end of the 3rd week:
(SH PUB)
- Stomodeum (primitive mouth)
- Heart prominance
- Prosencephalon
- Umbilical cord (beginning)
- Branchial Arches
Describe the Step-by Step process for calibration of an audiometer with a sound level meter.

(PP OOO RCD)
1. Place Earphone from Audiometer on top of 6cc Coupler of Sound Meter
2. Put 500 gram weight on top of earphone.
3. On Audiometer, select 70 dB HL as the intensity of our output.
4. On Audiometer, select frequency in Hz (example 1000Hz)
5. On Sound Level Meter, place Sensitivity to 75 dB in anticipation of 70 dB tone coming from Audiometer
6. Read the meter. In the example, the SLM read +2.5
7. Calculate. In the example, 75 dB+2.5 dB=77.5 db SPL at 1000Hz
8. Determine if Audiometer is Calibrated correctly. Convert dB HL from audiometer to dB SPL on sound level meter. If they equal than audiometer is calibrated correctly.
What are phases for Stage 1 Traditional Therapy?
Stage 1 Sensory Perceptual Training (Discrimination)
Phase 1: Identification
Phase 2: Isolation
Phase 3: Stimulation
Phase 4: Discriminiation
2 termination criteria for individual objects
(1) 80-90% correct usage in structured setting
(2) 50% correct in natural contexts
Features and make-up of Primary Bronchi
- 2 priimary divisions at inferior end of trachea
- walls made of 16-20 c-shaped hyaline cartilage rings
What happens to the muscluar and vocal processes of the arytenoids when the lateral cricoarytenoid muscle contracts?
The muscular processes are pulled FORWARD and the vocal processes are pulled BACKWARD, bringing the vocal folds together & closing the glottis.
Practicing a skill builds myelin and therefore
Speeds of the transmission of data from one cell to the next (therefore speeding the process of the skill)
What does the Diaphragm of the earphone on a sound level meter do?
Where is it located?
The diaphragm in the earphone over the opening of the ear canal causes a cavity to be formed. The diaphragm of the microphone sits atop the microphone between the microphone and the coupler.
Traditional Artic Therapy - How many sounds should you target/train?
Training Deep: select number of sounds is taught intensively
Position and features of the arytenoid articular facet
- Concave base of the arytenoid that sits UNDER the surface of the muscular process.
How will a Sound Level Meter test and calibrate an Audiometer?
An Audiometer measures hearing level. A sound level meter measures Sound Pressure Level. By converting results from Sound Pressure Level (from Sound Level Meter) to Hearing Level we can determine if an audiometer is calibrated correctly.
What is the word pairs technique? and when is it effective?
words that differ from eachother by one sound or distinctive feature:
car/tar
bee/pea
using meaning of words to facilitate perception and production of correct sound.
good for stage 3 and 4. (bingo game is good)
How is a sound level meter used?
Sound level meter is used to test the level of airborne sound in factories, schools, offices, stores, airports, etc.
A sound-level meter can also be used to calibrate an audiometer.
How is time criterion different than percentage criterion?
Time is when you work on a target for certain period of time each session, works well for both Traditional and Ph. Approaches
Percentage is where you work on a sound until a certain percentage is obtained (90% mastery).
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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