Rapid Review 2 Flashcards

Iron deficiency anemia
Terms Definitions
cold intolerance
D dimers
ferruginous bodies
currant-jelly sputum
port-wine stain
cold intolerance
antineutrophil antibodies
"smudge cell"
skip lesions
suboccipital lymphadenopathy
hypersegmented neutrophils
macrocytic anemia
neurofibrillary tangles
Alzheimer's disease
clue cells
gardnerella vaginitis
Caisson disease
gas emboli
Pick bodies
Pick's disease
senile plaques
Alzheimer's disease
Ghon focus
primary TB
Kayser-Fleischer rings
Wilson's disease
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
benign polyposis
hypersegmented neutrophils
macrocytic anemia
sulfur granules
Actinomyces israelii
Wallenberg's syndrome
PICA thrombosis
Shwartzman reaction
Neisseria meningitidis
"blue bloater"
chronic bronchitis
haemophilus ducreyi (painful)
Boutonniere's deformity
rheumatoid arthritis
elastic skin
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Kussmaul hyperpnea
diabetic ketoacidosis
Gaucher's disease
glucocerebrosidase deficiency
signet-ring cells
gastric carcinoma
calf pseudohypertrophy
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
Rotor's syndrome
congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Budd-Chiari syndrome
posthepatic venous thrombosis
Spitz nevus
benign juvenile melanoma
Sheehan's syndrome
postpartum pituitary necrosis
Schiller-Duval bodies
yolk sac tumor
Wermer's syndrome
MEN type I
osteoarthritis (polished, ivory-like appearance of bone)
Crigler-Najjar syndrome
congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
MLF syndrome (INO)
multiple sclerosis
Parkinson's disease
nigrostriatal dopamine depletion
Rouleaux formations (RBCs)
multiple myeloma
Roth's spots in retina
Reid index (increased)
chronic bronchitis
Lesch Nyhan syndrome
HGPRT deficiency
splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Berger's disease
IgA nephropathy not nUEphropathy!
Huntington's disease
caudate degeneration (autosomal dominant)
rib notching
coarctation of the aorta
Glanzmann's thrombasthenia
defect in platelet aggregation
primary syphilis (painless) "-oid" less is painless
subepithelial humps on EM
poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
Waxy casts
chronic end-stage renal disease
pseudopalisade tumor cell arrangement
glioblastoma multiforme
Kluver Bucy syndrome
bilateral amygdala lesions
Huntington's disease
caudate degeneration (autosomal dominant)
tendon xanthomas (classically Achilles)
familial hypercholesterolemia
Trousseau's sign
visceral cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma (migratory thrombophlebitis), hypocalcemia (carpal spasm)
Henoch-Schonlein purpura
hypersensitivity vasculitis associated with hemorrhagic urticaria and URIs
Ewing's sarcoma bone tumors in kids
hypertension + hypokalemia
Conn's syndrome (hyperaldosteronism and alkalosis)
systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
aortic valve stenosis
Chvostek's sign
hypocalcemia (facial muscle spasm upon tapping)
cafe au lait spots on skin
Krukenberg tumor
gastric adenocarcinoma with ovarian metastases
recurrent pulmonary Pseudomonas and S. aureus infections
cystic fibrosis
spike and dome on EM
membranous glomerulonephritis
no lactation postpartum
Sheehan's syndrome pituitary infarction)
branching rods in oral infection
actinomyces israelii
hypochromic microcytosis
iron deficiency anemia, lead poisoning
Virchow's node
left supraclavicular node enlargement from metastatic carcinoma of the stomach
lytic bone lesions on x-ray
multiple myeloma
Krukenberg tumor
gastric adenocarcinoma with ovarian metastases
Edward's syndrome
trisomy 18 associated with rocker-bottom feet, low set ears, heart disease
systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
aortic valve stenosis
Erb-Duchenne palsy
superior trunk brachial plexus injury ("waiter's tip")
hyperphagia + hypersexuality + hyperorality + hyperdocility
Kluver-Bucy syndrome (amygdala)
anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies (ANA antibodies)
SLE (type III hypersensitivity)
Donovan bodies
granuloma inguinale Donovan on your Dick
hyperphagia + hypersexuality + hyperorality + hyperdocility
Kluver-Bucy syndrome (amygdala)
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
deleted dystrophin gene (X-linked recessive)
bug from dog or cat bite
pasteurella multocida
Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction
syphilis - overaggressive treatment of an asymptomatic patient that causes symptoms due to rapid lysis
chalky accumulations of uric acid in gout
crescents in Bowman's capsule
rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis
Chvostek's sign
hypocalcemia (facial muscle spasm upon tapping)
boot-shaped heart on x-ray
Tetrology of Fallot; RVH
Plummer-Vinson syndrome
esophageal webs with iron deficiency anemia
positive anterior "drawer sign"
anterior cruciate ligament injury
necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Wegener's and Goodpasture's (hemoptysis and glomerular disease)
renal cell carcinoma + cavernous hemangiomas + adenomas
von Hippel-Lindau disease
von Recklinghausen's disease
neurofibromatosis with cafe au lait spots
polyneuropathy preceded by GI or respiratory infection
Guillan Barre syndrome
Gowers' maneuver
Duchenne's (use of patient's arms to help legs pick self off floor)
depigmentation of neurons in substantia nigra
Parkinson's disease (basal ganglia disorder - rigidity, resting tremor, bradykinesia)
increased alpha-fetoprotein in amniotic fluid / maternal serum
anencephaly, spina bifida (neural tube defects)
Bence Jones proteins
multiple myeloma (kappa or lambda Ig light chains in urine), Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia
L to R shunt (VSD, PDA, ASD), mitral regurgitation, LV failure (CHF)
HLA DR3 or -DR4
diabetes mellitus type 1 (caused by autoimmune destruction of beta cells)
high-output cardiac failure (dilated cardiomyopathy)
wet beriberi (thiamine, vitamin B1 deficiency)
lens dislocation + aortic dissection + joint hyperflexibility
Marfan's syndrome (fibrillin defect)
swollen gums, bruising, poor wound healing, anemia
scurvy (ascorbic acid, vitamin C deficiency) - vitamin C is necessary for hydroxylation of proline and lysine in collagen synthesis
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