white Southerner supporting Reconstruction policies after the Civil War usually for self-interest
president of the CSA
Abolitionists, Southern extremists were called ?. Had said that they would ?? in defense of slavery.
where Abraham Lincoln was assassinated
-Lincoln replaced Hooker w/ Meade
- Lee invades North (Penn) for second and last time (3 day battle)
- Biggest battle in history of W. Hemisphere
- Ends w/ (failure) Pickett's Charge: 15,000 men over 1 1/2 miles
fed aid (ultimately from north) "malice toward none chairty for all"
The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the Constitution. The House of Representatives may impeach the president by a majority vote for "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."
-derogatory term for Southerners who were working with the North to buy up land from desperate Southerners
-southerners who supported the Republican party
Northerner who traveled south to make money off of the Reconstruction
Lincoln served ? term, elected ?
Lincoln appeared to be inexperienced, but he devoted his life to ?? from 27 on.
This amendment freed all slaves without compensation to the slaveowners. It legally forbade slavery in the United States.
-America's demands that England pay for the damage that the confederate ships caused during the Civil War, US got $15 million
-England was annoyed since all they did was make the ships and sell them to Confeds, but they paid anyway
-Lincoln announced it shortly after Union victory @ Battle of Antietam
-1863 he declared all slaves in the nation free
Lee ordered George E. Pickett's division forward in its infamous disastrous charge against the Union center
general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall (1824-1863)
|Albert Sydney Johnston||
CSA highest ranking officer,killed at shiloh
1865 (expired in 1872)
- established by Congress
- provide medical care, clothes, food, + education (greatest success teaching F to read)
- Oliver Howard led the bureau
When the South pulled out of the United States to fight the northern states.
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
-had to fix destoyed railroads w/ sherman ties)
capitol exists in North -nothing more expensive than building railroads at the ime -> money to do this comes from Northern investment
good 'carpet baggers' provided much needed investment from south
The 14th amendment is the grant of ?
Lincoln put Grant in control of ? soldiers, about the max at the time for an army.
A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president.
slave states that bordered in which slavery was illegal
-two Confeds (James Mason and John Slidell) slipped through the Union's blockade and went on the British ship Trent
-Union gen. Charles Wilkes acted w/o authorization and captured Trent to get the Confeds
-pissed Eng. off and US had to apologize
|Slavery and Sectionalism||
persisted and threatened the union in1850
|Whisky Ring Scandal||
a conspiracy involving diversion of tax revenues
|Dred Scott Decision||
nullified the Missouri Compromise by declaring that slaves can only be taken from their owners by due process of law; taking them into free territory does not nullify their status.
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
|Women's Loyal League||
An organization that called for a constitutional amendment to abolish slavery, but it was used to promote woman suffrage as well. Leaders Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, Frederick Douglas was a supporter. Couldn't get Congress to allow women suffrage.
- Lincoln's 1863: 10% Proposal: 10% of voters takes an oath of allegiance and promised to support Emancipation, state will have full membership
|Lincoln's Ten Percent Plan||
Former Confederate states would be readmitted to the Union if 10% of their citizens took a loyalty oath and the state agreed to ratify the 13th Amendment which outlawed slavery
|Johnsons plan for 'restoration'||
Johnson issued pardons to former Confed leaders (what Link wouldn't do) in order to be pardoned, leaders had to meet w/ him and request pardon
|when did thes 3 plans occur||
Links=reconstruction before war over
johnson=right after war
The Civil War was fought between 2 different ?. Not really a Civil War, they ? came together at time of Constitution
Who was the next Southern pres after the CW?
The South refused to feed armies in hopes of a ??
citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
Secretary of War under Lincoln. He was a Radical Republican.
-a person can't be held in prison without first being charged with a crime
|Lincoln wins reelection||
The 1864 election occurred during the Civil War; none of the states loyal to the Confederate States of America participated.
|Fugitive Slave Law||
Declared that any slave that escaped to the North must be returned to his/her owner.
|Battle of Fredericksburg||
The Union, led by Major General A.E. Burnside, was defeated and lost 10,000 men. General Robert E. Lee, was the Confederate general who led in the defeat.
|Compromise of 1877 provisions||
Hayes promised to show concern for Southern interests and end Reconstruction in exchange for the Democrats accepting the fraudulent election results. He took Union troops out of the South
|Describe the Franklin-Douglas debates||
Link campaigns for U.S. Senate seat -gains national recognition
-debated westward movement of slavery link -didn't want it to moave west (he lost debate)
|Bachelor, Black mistress||
Stevens is a longtime member of the House of Reps, very powerful. Abolitionist ? but lives openly in DC with his ??
|Civil Rights, Freedom||
Fed Gov't will bestow ?? gradually. ? does NOT equal equality in Lincoln's mind
|What were the political implications of Reconstruction?||
The political implications of Reconstruction were the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments which helped support blacks rights. Those were then later deserted by the Jim Crow Laws and Black Codes.
|National Draft Law||
-led to draft riots in New York
-the number of people volunarilly joining wasn't enough anymore
|Black Codes Passed||
laws passed on the state and local level in the United States to limit the basic human rights and civil liberties of blacks.
was shot by his own men at the Battle of Chancellorsville
|Fourteenth Amendment: gave African Americans full citizenship and guaranteed due process of law. Fifteenth Amendment: gave African American men the right to vote.||
In what ways did the Fourteenth Amendment and Fifteenth Amendment protect the rights of African Americans?
|how effective was the blockade?||
not abs. perfect, but very good
nothing of significance moved in or out of south for next 4 yrs
In 63, there are ? men hiding to avoid the Southern draft. Almost ? big S. armies gone. Hundreds of thousand others helping them!
|Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroad Company||
created 1860s before the Civil War
-Rebpuclicans took advantage of the absent Southern Democrats (cuz of secession) to pass nationalistic laws
|George B. Meade||
He made himself known in 1862 at Seven Days Battle and the battles of Bull Run, Antietam, and later at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. He commanded of the Army of the Potomac from 1863, and won the battle of Gettysburg, but he was criticized for not following up his victory.
|It was a secret organization that planned to keep African Americans from voting by threating, beating, of killing them.||
What was the Ku Klux Klan?
|describe Rad Rep plan for restoration of union||
congress dominated by Rad Rep -relationship w/ johnson ->deteorating constant vetoing & overidding -congress sick of it-> wanted to restore union w/ out Pres leadership ( & remove Johnson)
|Cemetary Ridge, Farmland, Tree line||
The Union army positions itslf on a low hill called ??. In front of it was about a mi of newly plowed Penn. ?, then a dense ?? at the end, that's where Confeds hung out
|Calling for military volunteers led more Southern states to secede because||
they didn't want to fight against their fellow Southerners
|The Bureau provided food, clothing, medical care, and legal advice to poor black and whites. It set up hospitals and schools for newly freed people.||
What was the purpose of the Freesmen's Bureau?
|describe how slavery was a labor system||
everything of value produced in south was directly or indirectly produced by a slave
-south was a civilization whos economy was entirely built on slavery
|Reconversion of the South to peace, Freedmen/women, and Restoration of the Union||
All 3 plans for Reconstruction deal with what 3 problems?
|What was the Union plan of attack called? List its four objectives.||
Anacoda Plan; 1. blocked the entire southern coastline 2. seize control of the Mississippi river to cut the south off from the west 3. further divide the south by capturing the Tennessee river valley and marching through Georgia to the coast 4. capture the confederate capital at richmond
|describe how slavery was made a moral issue||
by 1860 tiny majority has convinced northern majority that slavery is immoral (didn't want to free slaves, but took pleasure in pointing moral finger at south)
as north began to criticize south -south beleives north will act on their morality (south thinks they should start the war before north does)
*North wants to feel morally superior
|How did Social differences affect the North and South during the war?||
The North had the Government and more people. The South had less people, but tried to convince France and Europe to join, with failed attempts.
|Year and a half, Humiliate, Bigger||
For the first ? of his admin, this is all AJ does! Big powerful planters come and ? themselves, AJ loves it, finally felt ? than them.