Reforming American Society 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Master
Highest Rank
emancipation
freeing of slaves
masters
most experienced in factories
aboliton
Movement to stop slavery
Abolition
Movement to end slavery
apprentices
young workers learning their craft
Frederick Douglas
Studied to be free
Strikebreakers
The Irish immigrants were strikebreakers who would consent to work for long hours and low pay when others would strike
1841
George Ripley establishes Brook Farms
revival
emotional meeting used to awaken religious faith
Second Great Awakening
Charles Finny, religious movement
Nat Turner
United States slave and insurrectionist who in 1831 led a rebellion of slaves in Virginia
1830
First national convention of the African American Episcopal Church
Frederick Douglass
United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North (1817-1895)
transcendentalism
founded by Emerson, strong emphasis on spiritual unity (God, humanity, and nature), literature with strong references to nature
National Trades Union
Gathering of Journey Men Unions
William Lloyd Garrison
radical white abolitionist, The Liberator
Mary Lyon
Founded Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in 1837
Utopian communities
utopias, they chose to distance themselves from society by setting up communities based on unusual ways of sharing property, labor, and family life, they wanted these places to be perfect places to live (New Harmony and Brook Farm)
Methodist
one of the branches of Christianity that grew during the Second Great Awakening
Cottage industry
Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.
1815
The first wave of Irish immigrants begins settling in America
Gag Rule
Did not allow slaves to be freed
Lowell Mill workers
individuals went on strike in Massachusetts seeking better working conditions
Sarah Bagley
founded the Lowell female labor Reform Association
Desegregation
Ending of the separation of the black and white races.
Oberlin College
Admitted 4 women, becoming the 1st coeducational college
Apprentice
Person who learns a trade or craft from a master
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A prominent advocate of women's rights, Stanton organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott
Emma Willard
in 1821 founded Troy Female Seminary in New York which was a model for girls' schools everywhere
David Walker
He was a black abolitionist who called for the immediate emancipation of slaves. He wrote the "Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World." It called for a bloody end to white supremacy. He believed that the only way to end slavery was for slaves to physically revolt.
Nathan Appleton
One of the founders of the lowell mills, helped in introducing the power loom and the manufacture of cotton on a large scale into the US.
Charles Grandison Finney
An evangelist who was one of the greatest preachers of all time (spoke in New York City). He also made the "anxious bench" for sinners to pray and was was against slavery and alcohol.
Mill girls
farm girls who worked in a factory in lowell, massachusetts with rigid restrictions
How successful were the temperance movement?
It was very successful, many people supported it.
Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World
Written by David Walker, talks about abolitionism.
/ 36
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online