Related Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
청유문
"Let's"
even
그러나
however, but
AVst + -겠-
...will (AVst)...
-기를 빌며
"wishing" *행복하길 빌며.
AVst + -고 있다
....AVst-ing.....
(present continuous)
-(으)로부터
'from' *그 사람은 많은 팬들로부터 사랑받았다.
N+-으로/로 (transferring)AVst
I (transfer/exchange/change)AVst to N
-로
into Example: 홍콩 달러로 바꿔 주세요.
AVst + -을게요/ㄹ게요
...will (AVst)...
indicates the speakers intention, vow, or promise for the future
-기로는
'for; as for' *볼만한 유적지가 많기로는 이탈리아가 제일이다.
AVst+-어/아/여 봤어요
or
AVst+-어/아/여 보지 않았어요
AVst+-어/아/여 보지 못했어요
Have you Avst...?
I have AVst.....
or
I have not AVst....
-고 싶다
would like to Example: 통장을 만들고 싶어요.
N/#/counting unit + -에 ~쯤
........about.....a N/#/counting unit
e.g. I sleep about 8 hours a day.
-는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ 듯이
'as if' *그는 죽은 듯이 꼼짝않고 누워 있었다.
-밖에 없다
'only' *이 일을 의논할 상대가 너밖에 없다.
AVst+-으려면/려면________-아야 해요/되요
-으십시다
-는 것어 좋습니다
conditional desire:
If you want to AVst, (you must/(imperative 'take')/should)____
Vst+-기는 하지만 _________.
Vst+-기는 했지만 _________.
positive statement, "but" negative statement (emphasized)
아/어/여 버리다
to wind up doing something by accident, boldly doing something, getting it done quickly
N1+이/가 N2+보다 Vst
N1 is (more) Vst(er) than N2
-기 위해서
'in order to; to' *성묘를 하기 위해서 고향에 간다.
지 않아요
A negative ending, used with a predicate stem: not to
여간 -지 않다; 여간 -(은)ㄴ 게 아니다
"very" *여간 기쁘지 않습니다.
AVst1+-을/ㄹ지 AVst2+-을/ㄹ지 _____:생각하다
:고민하고 있어요
:아직 모르겠어요
:결정하지 못했어요
:이야기 하고 있어요
used to list options:
I was thinking about ____AVst1 or ____AVst2.
I was worrying about____AVst1 or ____AVst2.
I can't decide whether to____AVst1 or ____AVst2.
I can't decide whether to____AVst1 or ____AVst2.
I'm talking about whether to____AVst1 or ____AVst2.
AVst + -기 못하다
"not being able to"
"not having the capability of"
e.g. can't, didn't, couldn't
N+-인데 ___________.
honorific: N+-이신데 ___________.
DVst+-은/ㄴ데 ___________.
AVst+-는데 ___________.
AVst+-었/았/였는데 ___________.
This (Noun) is _______, and it is ________.
5. V. + 어/아야 하(되)다
=> V. + 어/아야 하 다 "must," "have to," "should"
=> V. + 어/아야 되다 "must," "have to," "should"
일 학년 학생은 모두 기숙사에 살아야 해요.
=> First-year students must live in a dormitory.
건강하려면 하루에 한번씩 걸어야 해요.
=> To be healthy, one must take a walk daily.
한국어를 잘 하려면, 연습을 많이 해야 돼요.
=> To speak Korean well, one has to practice a lot.
짜지 않은 음식을 먹어야 했어요.
=> When I was sick, I had to eat bland food.
V. + ㄹ/을까(요)?
"would it . . . ?," "do you think it will . . . ?"
Although this question generally solicits the listener's opinion, it requires different responses depending on the context of the question.
a. Inviting "yes-no" answer
: "would you like to . . . ?," "shall we . . . ?"
When the subject is we, this question invites the listener's permission or agreement.
이것을 같이 의논해 볼까요?
=> Shall we discuss this together?
이따 점심 식사를 같이 할까요?
=> Shall we have lunch together later?
네, 좋아요. 같이 식사합시다.
=> Yes, that's good. Let's eat together.
b. Asking for an opinion
: "do you think . . . ?"
When the subject of the sentence is a third person (he, she, or they), it asks for the
listener's opinion.
김 선생님이 학교에 오실까요?
=> Do you think Mr. Kim will come to school?
내일은 날씨가 좋을까요?
=> Do you think it will be nice tomorrow?
아마 좋을 거예요.
=> Probably, it will be nice.
c. Asking for advice
: "Which is better . . . ?," "Shall I do this . . . or that . . . ?"
When the subject is I, the question asks for the listener's advice.
제가 한가지 여쭈어 볼까요?
=> Shall I ask a question?
제가 그 분에게 전화해 볼까요?
=> Shall I telephone him?
공항에 가는데 공항 버스를 탈까요, 택시를 탈까요?
=> I am going to the airport; shall I take an airport bus or a cab?
택시는 비싸니까 공항 버스를 타세요.
=> Since a taxi is expensive, please take the airport bus.
V. + 지 알다 =>"to know if/whether"
V. + 지 모르다 => "not to know if/whether"
알다 and 모르다 verbs use -지 to mean "how to" or "if/whether," as illustrated in the examples below. When a question pronoun, such as 언제, 어디, 왜, 누가, 어떤, 무슨 or 무엇, precedes this construction, the speaker is inquiring when, where, why, who, which, what kind, or what, respectively.
With a descriptive verb
그 비행기가 얼마나 넓은지 아세요?
=> Do you know how wide the airplane is?
어떤 선물이 좋은지 몰라요?
=> Don't you know which gift is appropriate?
With an action verb
요즘 창수가 무슨 책을 읽는지 아니?
=> Do you know what books Changsu is reading?
친구가 오늘 밤에 올지 몰라요.
=> I don't know whether my friend is coming tonight.
With a noun
그 사람이 누군지 알아요?
=> Do you know who the man is?
그 사람이 학생인지 모르겠어요.
=> He may be a student. / I don't know if he is a student.
In the past and future tenses
그 분이 한국에서 왔는지 알아요?
=> Do you know whether he came from Korea?
언제부터 서울이 수도였는지 몰라요.
=> I don't know how long (from when) Seoul has been the capital.
내일 경주가 그 책을 살지 몰라요.
=> I don't know if Kyung-ju is going to buy the book tomorrow.
A.V. + ㄹ/을래(요)? /A.V. + ㄹ/을래(요)
Will you . . . ?," "Are you /"I will
This ending is used in casual and intimate conversation. It is a question when spoken with a rising tone and a statement when spoken with a level tone.
내일 나하고 같이 나가 주지 않을래?
=> Won't you go out with me tomorrow?
산에 같이 올라 갈래요?
=> Will you climb the mountain with me?
지금 밥 먹을래?
=> Are you going to eat now?
안 먹을래.
=> I'm not going to eat
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