Renaissance Art Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Michelangelo's David
Michelangelo's Pieta
Giotto's Lamentation
Point of view
The Holy Trinity
Scientific Naturalism
Scientifically correct
Botticelli's La Primavera
Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel
Leonardo's Mona Lisa
Mona Lisa
Leonardo da Vinci
Holbein's Sir Thomas More
The Last Supper
Leonardo da Vinci
last longer vs. tempera, frescos
Ghiberti's Bronze Doors (Florence Baptistery)
State that rose as Rome declined
Renaissance Themes
Secularism, Scientific Naturalism, and Individualism
Dome Michelangelo designed
dome of St. Peters Basilica
The Creation of Adam (in Sistine Chapel)
Madonna of the Chair and Modanna of the Meadow
Leonardo da Vinci
Artist of the High Renaissance who also excelled in science and engineering. Known for his study in perspective.
Donatello's David
Night Watch
Sistine Chapel Ceiling
Quattrocentro (Florentine Renaissance)
Leonardo's Last Supper
Holbein's Henry VII
Botticelli's Birth of Venus
Raphael's School of Athens
Lamentation Over the Dead Christ
Italian Themes
Classical Humanism: Greco-Roman; Plato, Aristotle, Cicero; unlimited potential of man to reason
Van Eyck's The Arnolfini Marriage
Used mathmatical precision to give dimension and depth to his figures
Jacob Burckhardt
20th century scholar of the Renaissance in Italy
Giotto's St. Francis Preaching to the Birds
Northern Themes
Christian Humanism b/c you're a child of God and you're here to make a perfect world (Utopia)
David -Michelangelo
michelangelo (1499)
Pontormo 1525
van eyck
arnolfini wedding
School of Athens-Raphael
Raphael's Sistine Madonna
The Last Supper
The Last Judgement
Greek and Roman
School of Athens
Master colorerest (venician red)
The School of Athens
la primera, sandro botticelli
Giorgione - The Tempest
La Primavera (pg. 294)
Simple painting on dry wall
The Early Italian Renaissance
Fra Angelico
(Dominican Order)- Small Details in Wings
(May have Byzantine or Int. Gothic influence)
El Greco's View of Toledo
introduced scientific perspective- the vanishing point, one point perspective, upped realism dramatically, painted "The Trinity", and "The Tribute Money"
Santa Croce
Florence, begun in 1294
Titian - Venus of Urbino
Da Vinci
painted the mona lisa
biblical themes
stories from the Bible
Piero della Francesca, Brera Altarpiece, oil on panel, c.1472
Michelangelo, Sistine Chapel ceiling frescoes, 1508-12, Vatican, Rome, Genesis Cycle:
Creation of Eve
Giovanni Pisano
marble relief
Pulpit from S. Andrea
Early Renaissance: 15th cent. painting in Netherlands
Jan Van Eyck
(His work combines Netherlandish interest in natural detail and tactile sensibility with Christian symbolism)
Paulo Ucello
Italian painter and mathematician, used planar recession, battle looks crowded, shallow, hidden 1 pt perspective shown on ground
subject matter
mostly religion, biblical stories, saint, life of Jesus, myths, legends, portraits
water-based paint applied to wet plaster
The Girl with the Red Hat
n. renaissance painter with italian influence."here i am a gentleman; at home, a sponger, was German; W=Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, and Adoration of the Magi
subtleties of gesture
small but important details
Leonardo da' Vinci, Portrait of Ginevra de' Benci, oil on panel, c.1474




aerial perspective refers to the technique of creating an 
illusion of depth by depicting distant objects as paler, less detailed, 
and usually bluer than near objects
The Garden of Earthly Delights - Bosch
Roger Campin
Flemish (Flanders) artist, master of flemalle, 1st to use oil painting successfully, brittle fabric
Albrecht Durer
The Knight, Death, and the Devil
The High Renaissance
Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonaroti, Raphael Sanzio da Urbino, Titian, Albrecht Durer
the knight, death and the devil, albrecht durer
Maderno & Bernini - St. Peter's Basilica
Feast in the House of Levi
Venice (1573)
Trinity- Masaccio
Renaissance painting b/c
depth is established
not enough depth on steps though
measured carefully
shows signs of mathematical precision although
has some depth issues (steps)
realistic subject matter
not as renaissance as other paintings
realistic body that looks like a body that is dead
does not try to make it look pretty
light and shadows, perspecitve
Very mathematically planned--symmetrical
Vanishing point
Justus of Ghent, Portrait of Federico da Montefeltro and son Guidobaldo, oil on panel, c. 1476
portray (v)
To represent or describe someone or something in a painting, film, book or other artistic work
Venetian art, Titian was a pupil of Giovanni Bellini and worked closely with _________ in his early career so that his early work shows their influence. described Venetian Art as "poetic"
egg tempura
mixture of coloured pigments and eggs, the netherlands then started to mix pigments with oil and found it didn't dry as fast, meaning they could add more detail and work slower
Santa Trinita Madonna
Cimabue, 1280-1290, Tempera on wood (uses theme "Virgin Enthroned," maniera greca style)
Cellini - Saltcellar of King Francis I of France
to hold the attention of someone by being extremely interesting, exciting, "a captivating performance"
Martyrdom of St. James (destroyed in WWII bombing)
Over Dead Christ
Virgin on the Rocks
Leonardo da Vinci; Geometric Patter, Realism, Perspective
Proto Renaissance
Think of GIOTTO. 1300. First to paint from nature. Naturalistically observation led to more realistic emotion. Lamentation (grief/mourn)
Miracle of Chastity
St. Thomas Praying in front of Crucifix by Filippino Lippi (Carafa Chapel) 1486-93 2 paintings are combined, 1) of Thomas praying to the crucifix and it talks to him, saying thanks for spreading knowledge of the bible
monument (n)
A statue or building that is built to honour a special person or event
anonymous artist
made or done by someone whose name is not known
highly (adj)
Very, to a large degree, or at a high level
"Landscape with the Fall of Icarus"
16th cent. Painting and Printmaking in Northern Europe
The Netherlands
Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Leonardo's word
Simplified and/or exaggerated
Masaccio's art
The Expulsion
Sistine Chapel
Michelangelo 1540
The Last Judgement
Simone Martini (Lippo Memmi)
tempera on panel
diana and actaeon
titian (1559)
Man In Oriental Costume
las meninas, diego velazquez
Bramante - Il Tempietto
Jan Van Eyck
Arnofini Wediing
Raphael (paint?)
"The School of Athens"
Early 15th Cent. Sculpture
Early Italian Renaissance
David and Goliath
(Revolutionary depiction of the nude)
Lamentation over Dead Christ
used foreshortening
St. Francis Altarpiece
Bonaventure Berlinghieri, 1235
Titian - The Pastoral Concert
handbook on personal comportment expected of Renaissance aristocrats
Antonio Pollaiuolo, Hercules and Antaeus statuette, bronze, c.1475-1480
Domenico, Portrait of Giovanna Tornabuoni, tempera on panel, 1488
tempera on panel
Altarpiece of St. Francis
"Conversion of Saint Paul"
Italian Baroque Painting
Filippo Brunelleschi
Invented Linear Perspective, "Builder of Florence" lost competition for bronze doors but won commission for Doumo Cathedral
painted as a chubby, healthy-looking child with wings, beautiful and innocent looking
Andrea Mantegna
famous for dramatic perspectives, foreshortening, celebration of the human and trompe l' oeil
Edward VI as a Child
Han Holbein
Renaiisance Art
Rebith of classical, art, architecture, philosophy, literature.
"The Creation of Adam" by Michelangelo
Expulsion of Adam and Eve, Masaccio
Sandro Botticelli, Death Portrait of Giuliano de' Medici, oil on panel, c. 1478
Raphael, Sistine Madonna, oil on canvas, c.1513
Antonio Lafreri, The Colosseum (ruined view), engraving, c. 1570
composition or placement of elements of design, as figures, forms, or colors, in such a manner as to produce an aesthetically pleasing or harmoniously integrated whole.
Michelanglo (paint?)
Pieta, "David" (before war), Sistine Chapel ceiling
realistic, represented as it is in nature
Medici Family
Ruled Florence during the Renaissance, became wealthy from banking, spent a lot of money on art, controlled Florence for about 3 centuries
a series of three paintings intended to be displayed together, often used as a altarpiece in a church
the four horsemen of the apocalypse, albrecht durer
Caravaggio - The Calling of St. Matthew
Politics of Florence
o Signoria (official government): council of 6 from rich guild families
o Signoria did not like each other so they hired a despot (podesta) and a mercenary army to keep order and prevent tensions between businesses
o The despot (podesta) was not enough to protect from external forces
Titian, Venus of Urbino, oil on canvas, c. 1538
a Flemish painter who attempted to add value to the common man and attempted to realistically demonstrate landscapes; his best known work may be "The Beggars"
"Self Portrait"
16th cent. Painting and Printmaking in Northern Europe
The Netherlands
Albrecht Dürer
Roger Van der Weyden
Flemish (flanders) artist. combinded Eyck and Campion. not concerned with accuracy or proportion, stoic, brittle fabric, not occupying 3d space, very shallow his work: Deposition, Saint Luke Drawing of the Virgin, Portrait of a Lady
high renaissance
the artistic style of early 16th century painting, characterized by technical mastery, heroic composition and humanistic content
Ruccelai madonna
Duccio, 1285 (has cloth of honor behind her distinct to Sienese Art, virgin slightly angled and relaxed, as opposed to Cimabue's)
a large picture that has been painted on the wall of a room or building
3D, anatomy, hav faces and gestures, clothes hang but backgrounds = stage sets
Giotto (think 1300)
Raphael, the painter
born Raffaelloo Sanzio in 1483; lost both parents at an early age; by 11 he was on hiown working as an apprentice in a busy art studio. He was Itallian and in Florence3 he created 17 paintings of the Madonna and Holy Family. He died on his birthday at the age of 37.
Virgin and Chancellor Rolin
Jan van Eyck; Perspective, Realism, Interior Detail, Portraiture, Landscapes
Ceiling of Carafa Chapel
Sybils by Lippi (Carafa Chapel) 1486-93 Their names are Cumean, Tiburine (they are most important) other two are Hellespontine, Delphic. They are Prophets, they forsaw the coming of Christ; in Virgil (ancient poet) he metnions th
"Garden of Earthly Delights"
16th cent. Painting and Printmaking in Northern Europe
The Netherlands
"Paradise"- biting satire
Enter your front text here.
St. Peter's Loggia of Benediction 1461-1497 Francesco del Borgo, started under Pius II completed by Alexander Vi. A fascade built of 3 arcades built like the Colosseum with doric, ionic, and corinthian columns, it was destroyed in 1505 (Julius II)
Lady and the Ermine
painted by Leonard da Vinci show the lady's face shaped much like that of the face of the ermine and her hand is like the paw of the ermine; he loved animals and was a vegetarian
"Madonna and Child with Angels"
Mannerism and the later 16th cent. in Italy
"Madonna of the Long Neck"
(Long neck, hands)
Botticelli's art
peter bruegal
peasant wedding
El Greco's Laocoon
High Renaissance; Tempietta
Birth of Venus
Pontormo - Entombment
The Isenheim Altarpiece
Giotto di Bondone
Arena Chapel, Padua
creation of adam
michelangelo (1512)
The Triumph of Death
peasent wedding, pieter bruegal
Judith and Holofernes
Florence (1456)
Filippo Brunelleschi, Abraham Sacrificing Isaac, bronze relief, 1401
"Change of form"
Anamorpic art (translated?)
Mona Lisa - Da Vinci
mona lisa, leanardo da vinci
Northern Renaissance
Emphasized Critical Thinking, Developed Christian Humanism criticizing the church & society, Painting/ Woodcuts/Literature
Andrea Mantegna, Camera Picta frescoes, Ducal Palace, Mantua, 1465-74:
The Meeting
Raphael, Stanza della Segnatura frescoes, 1509-1511:
St. Peter's Apse
1450 Bernardo Rossellino Designed the apse into a shell, using ancient Roman ideas!
Giotto di Bondone
tempera on panel
Ognissanti Madonna
"Birth of Venus"
The Early Italian Renaissance
Botticelli- (1st to paint his own depiction of mythological figures)
style of painting in grey tints
smooth or smokey, paint blended nicely, looking hard edged
Simone Martini, 1315, Fresco (created earlier than his annunciation, but looks more ilusionistic; Baldacchino hangs over Virgin representing dome of heaven; incredibly decorative)
Andrea Montegna
Famous for dramatic perspective, foreshadowing, celebration of the human, Trompe l'oeil
"The School of Athens" by Raphael
Florentine diplomat advocated use of power by states
Fra Angelico, San Marco Altarpiece, tempera on panel, 1443
1450 Alberti's linear street from Castle St. Angelo to St. Peter's square, there used to be a pryamid in between but was destroyed by Mussolini. started under Nicholas V and completed under Alexander VI in 1500
Brancacci Chapel Florence
Expulsion of Adam and Eve
A period of intense artistic and intellectual activity, said to be a 'rebirth' of Greco-Roman culture. Usually divided into an Italian Renaissance, from roughly the mid-fourteenth to mid-fifteenth century, and a Northern Renaissance 1400-1600 (445)
when you paint something that blocks visibility to the whole object, only showing a certain section of it
One point perspective
shows depth and vanishing point
Caravaggio - The Conversion of St. Paul
Arena Chapel: The Betrayal of Christ
Padua (1305)
ancient Greek and Roman myths (story or set of stories)
Titian, Bacchus and Ariadne, oil on canvas, 1520-23
Early Renaissance
Part of the Italian Renaissance that saw an introduction of perspective and new skills in developing sculpture
"St. Francis in Ecstasy"
High Renaissance in Venice
Giovanni Bellini
Return of the Hunters
Pieter Brueghel; LANDSCAPE, Peasant Life, Realism, Perspective
Birth of the Virgin
Pietro Lorenzetti, c. 1335-1342 (Giottoesque, no gold background, illusionistic ceiling, heav bodies, sienese ornamentation)
Christian Humanism
Part of the northern Renaissance which had an emphasis on early Church writings that provided answers on how to improve society and reform the Church. It drew on Hebrew and Greek texts of the Bible and writings of the Church Fathers. The writings led to criticism of the Church, ultimately the Reformation
Raphael, Portrait of Julius II, oil on panel, 1511-12
Rogier van der Weyden
oil on panel
Portrait of a Lady
Lorenzo Ghiberti
the artist who won the contest for decorating the huge doors of the Florence Baptistery
IN PRAISE OF FOLLY: made fun of the world and the clergy, emphasized the uses of tolerance, restraint, and education. he hoped his teasing would lead to future reforms within the church
Palazzo Venezia
Palazzo Venezia and Loggia of St. Mart 1455-1503 by Francesco del Borgo patron: Cardinal Pietro Barbo (becomes Pope Paul II) 1st great renaissance civil palace, has bad conotations b/c in 1920s headquarters for Mussol
middle ground
the area in a picture that appears in between the foreground and background
The Triumph of Galatea
painted by Raphael; Galetea was a sea nymph who was pursued by the Cyclops; Galetea must escape the arrows of Cupid's helpers. Raphael like to paint twisting torsos.
The School of Athens painting
painted by Rahael in 1508 in Rome; this painting shows perspective and it shows many scholars and philosophers who are reading and discussing big ideas. In the center are Plato and Aristotle
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