Renaissance Explorers Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Sonnets
Songs or poems
Humanism
Philosophy of the Renissance
When was the Reformation?
16th Century
Columbus
Sailed to the west Indies
Machiavelli
Wrote a book on politics
Where did the Renaissance begin?
Florence, Italy
Petarch
Vest known writer of the renaissance
Vasco da Gama
Sailed to India in 1498
Lutherns
Followers of the german monk (Martin Luther) who were among the first Protestants.
Ericson
From Newfoundland, led the Vikings and explored parts of the North American coast.
Leonardo da Vinci.
painter, scientist, observer ,inventor (Mona Lisa, Last Supper, parachute, helicopter etc)
Who funded Columbus' voyage?
Queen Isabella of Spain
Drake
1577- From England, sent by Queen Elizabeth to make surprise attack on Spanish ships. The first Englishman to sail around the world.
Ferdinand Magellan
First explorer to sail from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
John Cabot
Explored the northeast coast of North America and claimed the land for England
Before the Reformation, what was the most powerful religion in Western Europe?
Roman Catholic
Who was William Shakespeare?
English play-writer popular with peasants and nobles - wrote Romeo and Julie, Hamlett and Macbeth, etc
Cortes
1519- From Spain, wanted to find gold. Conquered the Aztecs and claimed Mexico for Spain.
Henry VIII
Subject of art for Hans the Younger
How did upper class in Middle Ages base their wealth?
On land
What was the Renaissance?
Rebirth of culture through classical ideas and learning`
What is imperialism?
1 country controlling the gov't & economy of another country
Sir Thomas More
Believed in the same ideas as Erasmus
Who was Thomas More?
English writer, wrote the book Utopia which was about a perfect society
What were Christopher Columbus' beliefs about the shortest way to Asia?
He miscalculated the circumference of the earth and did not know that the Americas lie in his path
What were the names of the 3 ships?
Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria
What was the Counter Reformation?
Effort by the Roman Catholic church to regain followers- 1). stopped indulgences 2)Created Society of Jesus- Jesuits 3)traveled to spread Roman Catholic ideas and beliefs
Describe the Portuguese ship called a caravel
Faster more flexible ship that used both square rigged and triangular sails- narrow body
What is linear perspective? How does this word relate to art of the Renaissance?
Using lines to create the illusion of depth and distance - used during the Renaissance to add realism to art
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