REPTILES TEST REVIEW Flashcards

dry skin
Terms Definitions
inhalents
methoxyflurane
ether
halothene
isoflurane
serpent
...
oviparous
egg layers
el sapo
toad
3 chamberd heart
anphibian
Reptile Temperature Control
endotherm/ecotherm
tortoises
lives on land
has a cloaca
...
_ orders of reptiles
3
Amnion
Thin, innermost extraembryonic membrane enclosing the amniotic fluid in which the developing embryo floats.
Rhynchocephalia
Order containing tuataras
A) Chelonia
B) Rhynchocephalia
C) Squamata
D) Crocodylia
internally
Amniotic egg develops _____.
first reptiles
cotylasaurs ( extinct)
cold-blooded; the temperature changes with the outside temperature
ectotherm
crocodilians
alligators and crocodiles and gavils
trauma, hypothermia, hyperthermia, dypnea, thermal burns
emergencies- snake
internal
all reptiles have (internal/external) fertilization
Thermoregulation
-Ectothermic
EX) snake, crocodile, komodo dragon
_______________ are large, carnivorous reptiles that care for their young
alligators
herpetology
branch of zoology dealing with reptiles
cholonia
turtles, tortoises, terrapins and sea turtles
crepuscular
come out at dawn and dusk
carnivorous
in general, reptiles are considered___ in their eating habits.
4-30
what is the average respiratory rate?
Order Squamata
Easily recognized by specific chatacteristic of the skull and jaws (movable jaw), most successful and diverses group of living reptiles. Includes snakes, lizards and worm lizards.
Scutes
modified SCALES
-Fusion of shell to ribs prohibits breathing by rib expansion
-use abdominal and pectoral muscles to make air flow
What percent of Saltwater Crocodile hatchlings reach maturity
one
Endotherm
Have a rapid metabolism which generates heat needed to warm the body.
Which reptiles do NOT have a three-chambered heart?
Crocodilians
snakes and lizards eggs
incubate for 55-60 days
Snakes
-bones in skull detect vibrations in ground
Dry Skin
Covers body and prevents water loss
Paraphimosis
What is the inability to return foreskin over the glans due to heavy strainign or forced sexing?
amniotic eggs
a complete environment, shell and membrane create a protected environment for embryo to develop
Mesozoic
Evolutionists say that the --- climate was relatively warm and consistent.
ecdysis
the process of shedding of the exoskeleton
ovoviviparous
animals that retain eggs within their bodies until they hatch and then give birth to live young
Compare/Contrast eyelids of chelonians, lizards, snakes
Chelonians: 2 eyelids that blink
Lizards: moveable lower eyelid
Snakes: spectacles (modified scale) to protect eye
caudal autonomy
lizards that can drop their tails, grows back only once and it is uglier, etc.
Alligators
-found only in fresh water -amost all live in N./S. America
Uric Acid
What is a nitrogenous waste excreted in the urine?
skin keeps what?
water from evaporating from the body
Order Squamata (snakes)
-SECONDARY loss of limbs
-Many ribs and vertebrae
-Jacobson's organ
-No external ear: sense vibrations from ground not air
-Swallow prey whole; can eat very large prey
class reptilia
bony skeleton; dry, scaly skin; most with two pairs of limbs; leathery-shelled eggs; incompletely divided 4 chambered heart; lungs; Sea snakes, Marine Iguana, Sea Turtles and Saltwater Crocodiles
Jacobson's organ
Specialized sense organ located in the roof of the mouth of reptiles.
SCUD
What are Deep ulcers may need to be repaired through surgery and the application of acrylic or fiberglass material on a a chelonian?
REPTILES gamete production
sperm produced in testes, eggs in ovaries (internal fertilization)`
claws on a turtle look like
sharp claws=land, no claws=water
gila monster
the most poisonous lizard found in the deserts of North America, large orange and black lizard of southwestern United States
Turtles and tortoises, crocodiles and alligators, lizards and snakes
the 3 orders of reptiles
too little vitamin A in system. vitamin A supplementation for treatment. TURTLES
what is hypovitaminosis A
Saltwater crocodiles diet
small prey: fish / Large prey: mammals and birds / Agressive: Eat people
What is special about the eggs?
they have shells, unlike amphibian eggs
IM, ICE (intracolemic-prefemoral fossa), SQ
What are the three injection sites for reptiles?
what are the four classes of reptiles?
chelonia, squamata, crocodilia and rhynchocephalia
Amniotic Eggs, Dry Skin, Thoracic breathing
All living reptiles exhibit three key features.... ( all 3 )
Weight in Grams, overall condition, eyes/Nares, Tympanic membrane, Auscultation of heart if possible, and respirations
What are you concerned with when doing a PE on a reptile?
how does the temperature of the sand influence the gender of Saltwater Crocodile offspring?
males 31.6 C and females a few degrees + or - this
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