Review Literary terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
final outcome
sutuational irony
exaggeration over statement
Atmosphere and tone
resemblance of sounds.
Struggle between opposing forces
deductive reasoning
general to specific
Catagories of literary works
serving to detect; detecting:
implied or indirect reference especially in literature.
Local color
distinctive, sometimes picturesque characteristics or peculiarities of a place or period as represented in literature or drama, or as observed in reality.
Suggesting, hinting, indicating, or showing what will occur later in a narrative
Iambic Pentameter
Ten syllables per line
consists of omitint conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses
An unexpected descriptive comparison using like or as.Ex* Sick as a dog.
exaggeration for emphasis without intention of deception. I've told you a million times
excruciating or acute distress, suffering, or pain:
Irony is an implied discrepancy between what is said and what is meant.
Three kinds of irony:
A period of literature characterized by the imagination, irrational characters, the inner world and an empasis on nature
Abstract language
Diction that describes intangible things like ideas or emotions or denotes general qualities of persons or things. A passage lacking vivid details or specifics may be called abstract. It is the diction of analysis and commentary, the opposite of concrete language.
The presentation of two contrasting images. The ideas are balanced by word, phrase, clause or paragraphs. "To be or not to be" is an example
literal language
the standard meaning of words
moment of sudden revelation or insight; darcy realizing love for elizabeth
word choice or level of language
A melodramatic narrativein which each section "ends" at a suspenseful or dramatic moment
opposite affect from which was intended to have
a similarity-based comparison of two things (the human heart as a pump)
The conclusion of the story (solution)
a person, animal, or imaginary creature that takes part in the action
harsh or bitter derision or irony.
of, pertaining to, treating, or characteristic of history or past events:
an actor’s speech, directed to the audience, that is not supposed to be heard by other actors on stage.
Hissing sounds represented by s, z, sh
rhythm depends upon two things: a rhythmic unit and repetition of that unit
to be easily convinced that something is true; resulting from a tendency to believe things too readily.
Duple rising meter. (ex: "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?")
portion of the story that provides background information
the final resolution of the primary plot of a literary or dramatic work. it follows the climax and provides an outcome, A French term meaning "unraveling" or "unknotting," used to describe the resolution of the plot following the climax.
the time, place, physical details and circumstances in which a situation occurs
a statement that at first seems contradictory, but in fact, reveals a truth
Red herring
any diversion intended to distract attention from the main issue
needless repetition of the same sense in different words; widow woman
The emotional mood created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and partly by the author's choice of objects that are described.
a deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises (major and minor) that inevitably lead to a sound conclusion.
a character or personality type found in every society
an expression that has been overused to the extent that its freshness has worn off
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase.
a catagory of literature wit imaginary character and events including novels,short stories,exc...
group of lines that constitutes a division in a poem, there is a space before the first line and after the last line of each group
only the final consonant sounds of the words are identical
Setting – Place
where the story takes place
poem for serious occasions or for praise
the fundamental character or spirit of a culture; the underlying sentiment that informs the beliefs, customs, or practices of a group or society; dominant assumptions of a people or period:
to engage in petulant or peevish argument; wrangle:
a prefix appearing in loanwords from Greek, with the meanings "after," "along with," "beyond," "among," "behind," and productive in English on the Greek model:
long speech made by one character alone onstage—window into psyche
This device is used to understate the obvious.
using 'like' or 'as' to compare two unlike objects
static character
a character that stays the sames through the story
a literary work in which the main character or tragic hero is brought to a final downfall, usually gaining a measure of wisdom or self-awareness
gothic novel
story of terror or suspense, usually set in a gloom old castle or monastery. name comes from gothic architecture, often associated with superstition
A method of narration in which present action is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness past events--usually in the form of a character's memories, dreams, narration, or even authorial commentary
deus ex machina
an artificial or improbable character, device, or event introduced suddenly in fiction to resolve a situation or untangle a plot
Ad hominem argument
an argument attacking an individual's character rather than his or her position on an issue
a form of speech spoken in a particular country, region or place. People from Downeast Maine often speak in this.
The suggested or implied meaning of a word or phrase.
situational irony
circumstances turn out to be reverse of those anticipated
Didactic Literature
Literature that intends to instruct or teach.
unreliable narrator
a narrator whose credibility has been seriously compromised (i.e. Pi)
A break mid line in poetry (with punctuation) to affect meter and tone.
a repetition device where in the same expression (word or words) is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses, sentences; parallel structure form
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes the simple life of shepherds and shepherdesses. This highly conventional form was popular until the late 18th century. The term has also come to refer to an artistic work that portrays rural life in an idyllic or idealistic way.
a switch in the normal word order, often used for emphasis or for rhyme scheme.
The attitude of the writer toward the subject he/she is writing about
a nondramatic poem that tells a story, such as epic poems and ballads
Narrative Poem
consists of words or phrases a writer uses to represent person, objects, actions, feeling, and ideas descriptively by appealing to the senses - sight, smell, taste, touch, sound
A comparison of two unlike things not using like o
calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person, or to a place or thing, or a personified abstract idea. If the character is asking a god or goddess for inspiration it is called an invocation.
identity in sound of some part, esp. the end, of words or lines of verse.
the highest or most intense point in the development or resolution of something; culmination:
The attributes that an author gives to a character
extended metaphor
a metaphor that goes several lines or possibly the entire length of a work
emotional appeal
when a writer appeals to an audience's emotions (often through "pathos") to excite and involve them in the argument or point. Pathos includes qualities of a fictional or nonfictional work that evoke sorrow or pity.
two lines of verse that form a unit alone or as part of a poem, especially two that rhyme and have the same meter
the omission of a word or phrase which is grammatically necessary but can be deduced for the context ("Some people prefer cats; others, dogs.")
Direct Characterization
The author tells us directly what the character is like: sneaky, generous, mean to pets and so on. Romantic style literature relied more heavily on this form.
Stream of consciousness
a kind of selective omniscience: the presentation of thoughts and sense impressions in a life-like fashion- randomly.
the central idea or message of a work, the insight it offers into life.
balanced sentence
a sentence in which words, phrases, or clauses are set off against each other to emphasize a contrast
first person
a character in the story tells the story, using the pronoun I. This is a limited point of view since the narrator can relate only events that he or she sees or is told about.
a word or expression not to be taken literally; the intended meaning is different from the literal meaning
a phrase or verse that is repeated at intervals, usually at the end of a stanza
is a long speech by one character to one or more other characters on stage
Point of View
the type of narrator that a story has
the humorous use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings or the meaning of another word similar in sound
verbal irony
A figure of speech that occurs when a person says one thing but means the opposite.
What is Art?
A human agent's exercise of will over the things of nature in which skill or technique combine with the creative imagination in the production of aesthetic artifacts.
A figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, as in quot;A mighty fortress is our God.quot;
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