AP US History I.D.& Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
tenochtitlan
aztec capital
Kansas Constitutional Crisis
...
contras
counterrevolutionary group in Nicaragua that opposed the Sandinistas
wazir
chief and administrative official under abbasid caliphate
Maryland
third largest colony; 30,000 people
Aryans
Indo-European speaking nomads who entered India from the Central Asian steppes between 1500 and 1000 BC and greatly affected Indian society.
Before the Scientific Revolution, European's view of the universe was based on the ideas of...
Aristotle
Covenant Theology
Puritan teachings emphasized the biblical covenants: God's covenant with Adam and with Noah, the covenant of grace between God and man through
Christ.
Ukiyo
Japanese word for the "floating worlds," a Buddhist term for the insignificance of
the world that came to represent the urban centers in Tokugawa Japan.
Marattas
western Indian peoples who rebelled against Mughal control early in the 18th century
Taiwan
anti-communist island that broke away from China in 1949
Michelangelo
Italian painter + sculptor, exs.) Statue of David, Sistine Chapel Ceiling
humanists (renaissance)
European scholars, writers, and teachers associated with the study of the humanities (grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history, languages, and moral philosophy), influential in the fifteenth century and later. (p. 408)
George Washington
Virginian, patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.
Impressment
British Navy would take American sailors and force them to work for Britain
Association
Groups created by the First Continental Congress in local committees to enforce trade sanctions against Britain, an important sign that Congress was starting to act as a central government
9. Presidential proclamation stated that the U.S. would use the military to intervene in Latin American affairs if necessary. Comparable to the Monroe Doctrine. Europe was angered by the United States assertion.
The Roosevelt Corollary
Bryanism
McKinley and Roosevelt charged, in the 1900 election, that this, and not imperialism, was the "paramount" issue.
heresy
a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion
Charles Martel
Carolingian monarch of Franks who defeated Muslims in Battle of Tours and ended Muslim threat to western Europe
democracy
A form of government that represents the people
Mahdi
also known as Muhammad Achmad, created Sudan from the holy war against Britain and the Egyptians. leader of Sudanic Sufi brotherhood
disenfranchise
to deprive of a right of citizenship
Quartering Act
Required certain colonies to provide food and quarters fro British troops.
Truman Doctrine
foreign policy initiated by US president Harry Truman 1947, offered military aid to help Turkey and Greece resist Soviet military pressure and subversion.
Wilmot Proviso
Congressional bill that prohibited the extensino of slavery into any territory gained from Mexico. Defeated.
Revolutions of 1848
Democratic and nationalist revolutions that swept across Europe. The monarchy in France was overthrown. In Germany, Austria, Italy, and Hungary the revolutions failed. (p. 595)
Divine Right
Supposedly God-given right to rule claimed by monarchs
Bleeding Kansas
Missouri border ruffians crossed into the Kansas to vote against slavery (led by John Brown) - severely divided the fledgling state
Populist Party
Largely farmers party aiming to inflate currency and promote government actions against railroads and trusts. Also known as the Peoples' Party
platform
a document stating the aims and principles of a political party
Akbar
Most illustrious sultan of the Mughal Empire in India (r. 1556-1605). He expanded the empire and pursued a policy of conciliation with Hindus.
census
an official count of population, often also including other information about the population.
This entertainer tapped the public’s insatiable curiosity about natural wonders by marketing his American Museum as family entertainment.
P.T. Barnum
Song Empire
Empire in southern China (1127-1279; the 'Southern Song') while the Jin people controlled the north. Distinguished for its advances in technology, medicine, astronomy, and mathematics. (p. 285)
Geroge Walker Bush
(gwb) 2001-2009, "stay the course", conservative
gibbons v ogden
Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government
Andersonville
A prison camp in Georgia where most Union soldiers starved to death
wildcat banks
a bank that issued notes without adequate security in the period before the establishment of the national banking system in 1864.
Executive Order 9835
authorized the attorney general to list Fascist, Communist, or subversive organizations , and made membership or even sympathetic association w/ such groups grounds for dismissal.
Adamson Act
(WW) , 1916; established an 8-hour work day for all employees on trains in interstate commerce, with extra pay for overtime
Personalist leaders
Political leaders who rely on charisma and their ability to mobilize and direct the masses of citizens outside the authority of constitutions and laws. Nineteenth-century examples include Jose Antonio Paez of Venezuela and Andrew Jackson of the US.
Henry Cort
In the 1780s, Cort developed the puddling furnace, which allowed pig iron to be refined in turn with coke (made from coal, not the drink or drug). Cort also developed heavy-duty steam-powered rolling mills, which were capable of spewing out finished iron in every shape and form.
yellow turbans
Chinese Daoists who launched a revolt in China promising a Golden Age to be brought by divine magic
sepoy
A soldier in South Asia, especially in the service of the British. (p. 658)
king williams war
first series of colonial struggles between england and france occured pricipally on the forntier of nothern new england and new york 1697
"arabic numerals"
numerals we use today, originally from India
new jersey
2 proprietors, split from new york, diverse, prosperous
Mexican American War
Mexican War, conflict between the United States and Mexico, lasting from 1846 to 1848. The war resulted in a decisive U.S. victory and forced Mexico to relinquish all claims to approximately half its national territory. Mexico had already lost control of much of its northeastern territory as a result of the Texas Revolution 4: 1825-1865
William Belknap
Grant's secretary of war who was forced to resign after he was found to have accepted bribes from suppliers to the Indian reservations.
Reconstruction Act
union generals assumed control in the five different military districts that were established in the South. guaranteed freedmen the right to vote
Peniless people obligated to work for a fixed number of years, ogten in exchange for passage to the New World
Indentured Servants
hierarchy
Any system of persons or things ranked one above another.An organized body of ecclesiastical officials in successive ranks or orders
steel
A form of iron that is both durable and flexible. It was first mass-produced in the 1860s and quickly became the most widely used metal in construction, machinery, and railroad equipment. (p. 701)
The Erie Canal
Construction for this canal began on July 4th, 1817 in New York. Was completed in 1825 and linked Lake Erie to the Hudson River. It was very important to the Industrial Revolution.
1247. Miller-Tydings Act
1937 - Amended anti-trust laws to allow agreements to resell products at fxed retail prices in situations involving sales of trademarked good to a company's retail dealers.
Selim III
Attempted to create new army and navy, and improve administrative efficiency, but was killed by Janissaries
International Military Tribunal*
(HT) Robert Jackson, defined crime as something against - peace, humanity, and international law
Dar al-Islam
Arabic term referring to the 'house of Islam' and the lands under Islamic terms
Canton
a city on the Zhu Jiangi delta in southern China
Middle Passage
A part of the Triangular Route; the slave trade route from West Africa to the Americas
Lord De La Warr
new governor of Jamestown; declared war against Indians in Jamestown
Terence Powderly
In 1879, president of the Knight of Labor. He worked to strenghten the union by opening membership to immigrants, blacks, women and unskilled workers. He wanted to make the world a better place for both workers and employers. He did not believe in strikes. He relied on rallies and meetings.
The Bank War
Jackson was determined to destroy the Bank of the United States because he thought it was too powerful. He felt the Bank was unconstitutional and only benefited the rich.
Charels Wilson Peale
a- american painter in mid 18th century to early 19th centuryb- recorded the likeness of george washington and ben franklin
Panama isthmus and canal
Land link extending east-west about 400 miles from the border of Costa Rica to the border of Colombia. It connects North and South America and separates the Caribbean Sea (Atlantic Ocean) from the Gulf of Panama
Cross of Gold speech
Speech made by William Henry Bryan which gained him a Democratic nomination and wide popularity.
885. Niagra Movement
A group of black and white reformers, including W. E. B. DuBois. They organized the NAACP in 1909.
Francois Dominique Toussaint L'Ouverture
Leader of the Haitian Revolution. He freed the slaves and gained effective independence for Haiti despite military interventions by the British and French. (p. 593)
Heliocentric Theory
The concept that the sun is the center of the universe
Marginal Land
Land with poor soil used only if there is no alternative
San Francisco Conference
Between Japan and part of the Allied Powers, was officially signed by 48 nations on September 8, 1951, at the War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco, California. It came into force on April 28, 1952. This treaty served to officially end World War II, to formally end Japan's position as an imperial power, and to allocate compensation to Allied civilians and former prisoners of war who had suffered Japanese war crimes. This treaty made extensive use of the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to enunciate the Allies' goals.
291. Doctrine of Nullification
Expressed in the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, it said that states could nullify federal laws.
Excise Tax
a tax on the manufacturing of an item. Helped Hamilton to achieve his theory on a strong central government, supported by the wealthy manufacturers.This tax mainly targeted poor Western front corn farmers (Whiskey). This was used to demonstrate the power of the Federal Government, and sparked the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794.
Forty Acres and a mule
failed attempt to help freed blacks during reconstruction - had promised blacks forty acres of land and a mule to plow with
Independent Treasury System AKA Subtreasuries
(MVB), 1840 Meant to keep government out of banking. Vaults were to be constructed in various cities to collect and expand government funds in gold and silver. Proposed after the National Bank was destroyed as a method for maintaining government funds with minimum risk. Passed by Van Buren and Polk.
main reason for Bedouin rivalries
control of pasture land and watering places
1497. Cuban Missile Crisis, 1963
The Soviet Union was secretly building nuclear missile launch sites in Cuba, which could have been used for a sneak-attack on the U.S. The U.S. blockaded Cuba until the U.S.S.R. agreed to dismantle the missile silos.
585. Compromise of 1850: provisions, impact
Called for the admission of California as a free state, organizing Utah and New Mexico with out restrictions on slavery, adjustment of the Texas/New Mexico border, abolition of slave trade in District of Columbia, and tougher fugitive slave laws. Its passage was hailed as a solution to the threat of national division.
ritual bloodletting was crucial to Mayra rituals because
of its association with rain and agriculture
What were the opinions of John Humphrey Noyes of the Fourierists and the Shakers?
He believed the Fourierists failed because their communities lacked strong religious ethic. He thought that the Shakers were the true "poineers of modern Socialism."
1. The Grange2. Farmers' co-ops (Ex. Southern States)3. Farmer's alliances
Three steps to farmer organization
158. Coercive Acts / Intolerable Acts / Repressive Acts
All of these names refer to the same acts, passed in 1774 in response to the Boston Tea Party, and which included the Boston Port Act, which shut down Boston Harbor; the Massachusetts Government Act, which disbanded the Boston Assembly (but it soon reinstated itself); the Quartering Act, which required the colony to provide provisions for British soldiers; and the Administration of Justice Act, which removed the power of colonial courts to arrest royal officers.
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