AP US History Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Regulator Protests
???
Dartmouth v. Woodward
...
Antebellum South
Pre-civil War south
barbaric
without civilizing influences; uncivilized; primitive:
b
This president served two nonconsecutive terms.
A) John Quincy Adams
B) Grover Cleveland
C) William H. Harrison
D) Andrew Jackson
E) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Thirteenth Amendment
Amendment which prohibited slavery.
Luddites
What were British craftmen called?
Mesopotamia
between the Tigris and the Euphrates
ma'at
Principle of truth, morality, justice, and order
joint- stock companies
partnership between two companies.
Abraham Lincoln was the first president assassinated while in office, the second was...
a. Rutherford Hayes
b. William McKinley
c. Chester Arthur
d. Benjamin Harrison
e. James Garfield
e
Chinese
Immigrant group that faced extreme amounts of racism on the west coast once the Central Pacific Railroad was complete
Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet leader after Krushchev; increased military and space program strength but harmed economy.
Arianism
heretical doctrine taught by Arius that asserted the radical primacy of the Father over the Son
Eighteenth Amendment
Prohibited the sale, transportation, and manufacture of alcohol
Creoles
Latin American born Spanish gentry; owned most land but treated as second-class citizens and denied political rights
Ravage
To destroy, lay waste;ruinous damage, destruction
Free Soil Party
opposed slavery expansion in west
Meiji Restoration
The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism. (See also Yamagata Aritomo.) (p. 694)
mandingo
place where 80% of slaves came from
Apartheid
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
Ifriqiya
the Arabic term for eastern North Africa
Chinese Junks
Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, dominant force in Asian seas east of the Malayan peninsula
Strom Thurmond
Democratic governor of South Carolina who headed the States' Right Party (Dixiecrats); he ran for president in 1948 against Truman and his mild civil rights proposal and eventaully joined the Republican Party
Henry George believed all the nations problems were linked to rising value of land T or F
T
Golden Horde
Mongol khanate founded by Genghis Khan's. It was based in southern Russia and quickly adopted both the Turkic language and Islam. Also known as the Kipchak Horde.
yoga
a system of exercises practiced as part of the Hindu discipline to promote control of the body and mind
pax romana
Roman peace,' The stability and prosperity that Roman rule brought to the lands of the Roman Empire in the first two centuries C.E. The movement of people and trade goods along Roman roads and safe seas allowed for the spread of cuture/ideas (154)
Clovis
early Frankish king who converted them to Christianity
constitutionalism
The theory developed in early modern England and spread elsewhere that royal power should be subject to legal and legislative checks. (p. 452)
shaykhs
Leaders of tribes and clans within bedouin society; usually men with large herds, several wives, and many children. (p. 281)
Wampanoags
leader is Massasoit, forms an alliance with Massachusetts Bay Colony (Thanksgiving 1621, Squanto), 41 years of peace with good leader William Bradford
 

Checks and
Balances
 


 
System embodied in the Constitution through which the power of each branch of
government is limited by the other; the President’s authority to veto legislation and
Congress’s power to override that veto are examples.
American naval commander who harrassed British shipping.
John Paul Jones
suicide
the intentional taking of one's own life.
Batista
This Cuban regime was supported by the US until it was overthrown by Castro's communist regime.
"interlocking directorates"
A corporate board of directors serving on the boards of multiple corporations
Twelve Tables
The codification of Roman law during the republic
Henry James
American writer who lived in England, novels about the conflict between American innocence and European sophistication/corruption
Gilded Age
era of American history that provided large economic and social change, despite the corrupt politics & growing gap between the rich & poor
Populist Party
U.S. political party formed in 1892 representing mainly farmers, favoring free coinage of silver and government control of railroads and other monopolies
Collectivism
A political or social system in which individuals are subordinated to mass organization and direction.
Huanghe River
site of the development of sedentary agriculture
Great Schism
in 1054 this severing of relations divided medieval Christianity into the already distinct Eastern (Greek) and Western (Latin) branches, which later became known as the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church, respectively. Relations between East and West had long been embittered by political and ecclesiastical differences and theological disputes.
Crystal Palace
Building erected in Hyde Park, London, for the Great Exhibition of 1851. Made of iron and glass, like a gigantic greenhouse, it was a symbol of the industrial age. (p. 606)
Khalifa Abdallahi
Successor of Muhammad Achmad as leader of Mahdists in Sudan; established state in Sudan; defated by British General Kitchener in 1598
Open Door Policy
Foreign policy that stated all countries should have equal commercial and industrial trade rights
Domino Theory
The Domino theory was a political theory in which believed that if one nation was Communist, neighboring coutries would fall under Communist control as well.
Burr Conspiracy
Scheme by Vice-President Aaron Burr to lead the succession of the Louisiana Territory from the US and create his own empire. He was captured in 1807 and charged with treason. Because there was no evidence or two witnesses he was acquitted. Marshall upholds the strict rules for trying someone for treason.
Harper's Ferry
John Brown's scheme to invade the South with armed slaves, backed by sponsoring, northern abolitionists; seized the federal arsenal; Brown and remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines; Brown was hanged
130. Non-importation
A movement under which the colonies agreed to stop importing goods from Britain in order to protest the Stamp Act.
Anti-Masonic Party
The Anti-Masonic Party was a third political party that developed during the campaign of 1832 because of the fierce debate between Henry Clay and Andrew Jackson. This party also developed as opposition to the Masons (secret societies). It gained support from evangelical Protestant groups and people who were neglected by Jackson; however, it never took a majority position in elections.
Federal Housing Administration
this Administration gave both the construction industry and homeowners a boost by insuring bank loans for building new houses and repairing old ones
Good Neighbor Policy
policy started by Hoover, declared US intentions in West Hemisphere for peace, denounce imperialism from Roosevelt Corollary
Industrial Revolution
intro of the factory system, began in England, changes in western economy, rapid population growth, increased agricultural production, commercial revolution, new means of transportation, machines applied to production
1389. Alger Hiss
A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury. The case was prosecuted by Richard Nixon.
Hat Act
Limit set on production of hats in America
Republican Motherhood
it elevated women as keepers of the national conscience because they were entrusted with the moral education of the young
conseqences
what someone has to pay because of the result of a situation...Roque had a party wthout permission so his consequence is no cell phone or basketball.
Congress of Vienna
was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November, 1814 to June, 1815. Its objective was to settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.
Suez Canal
Ship canal dug across the isthmus of Suez in Egypt, designed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. It opened to shipping in 1869 and shortened the sea voyage between Europe and Asia. Its strategic importance led to the British conquest of Egypt in 1882. (p. 726)
Nonintercourse Act of 1809
Provided that Americans could trade with all nations except Britain and France (1809)
Embargo act
signed by thomas jefferson in 1807 - stop export of all american goods and american ships from sailing for foreign ports
Shah Pahlavi
Whose regime was toppled in 1979 by mass protests?
1550. Twenty-Fifth Amendment
Made the replacement of a vice president the same as for a Supreme Court justice, i.e., the president nominates someone and Congress decides.
Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
The caravan routes across the Sahara connected trading centers in West Africa, North Africa, and East Africa. The earliest evidence of trade along these routes involved the peoples of the Sahel orchestrating the exhcange of salt from mines in the Sahara fro gold from the Niger Valley region.
achaemenid
a member of the dynasty of kings in ancient Persia that ruled from c550 b.c. to 331 b.c.
General Rogery Taney
This man was appointed by Jackson as Secretary of State (during this time he put in a number of state banks to place the government's deposits), and later became the chief justice of the Supreme Court.
Following the Color Line
Book by Ray Stannard Baker, exposing the subjugation of America's blacks; 90% lived in the South and 1/3 of them were illiterate.
Li Shimin
One of the founders of the Tang Empire and its second emperor (r. 626-649). He led the expansion of the empire into Central Asia.
Yuan Dynasty
Dynasty in China set up by the Mongols under the leadership of Kublai Khan, replaced the Song; ruled from 1279-1368
Connecticut Compromise (The Great Compromise)
The compromise reached at the Constitutional Convention that established two houses of Congress: the House of Representatives, in which representation is based on a state's share of the U.S. population, and the Senate, in which each state has two representatives.
samoan crisis of 1889
The Samoan Crisis was a confrontation between the United States, Germany and Great Britain from 1887-1889 over control of the Samoan Islands during the Samoan Civil War.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
guaranteed individual bank deposits up to $5,000
Treaty of San Lorenzo
Signed with Spain in 1795, the Treaty of San Lorenzo - also known as Pinckney's Treaty - gave the U.S. unrestricted access to the Mississippi River and established the border between the U.S. and Spanish Florida.
what was the social and political function of the griots
mastered oral ttraditons and king
The Big Red Scare
was the fear and hatred of communists and other radical groups. Strikes in 1919, the popularity of Communism in Europe and the depression caused an anti-left campaign in the U.S.
258. "The Federalist, # 10"
This essay from the Federalist Papers proposed setting up a republic to solve the problems of a large democracy (anarchy, rise of factions which disregard public good).
Miscegenation

[mi se juh nAY shuhn, misi juh-]
Practice of interracial marriage or sexual contact; found in virtually all colonial ventures
Election of : Candidates
James K. Polk - Democrat. Henry Clay - Whig. James G. Birney - Liberty Party.
Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams
Two most famous people to be kicked out of Massachusetts because of their religious beliefs
The Chinese placed bureaucrats rather than priests at the top of the social hierarchy
Which of the following is a major difference between the social structure of Han China and that of classical India?
887. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Founded in 1909 by a group of black and white intellectuals.
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