Roman Archaeology - Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Forum Transitorium
etruscan city
hot-food stands
home, roman house
major Etruscan city-state
chariot racing
Ludi Circenses
arch of trajan 114-117
Tiber River
river near Rome
Colonia Commondiana
Colony of Commodus
room with cool pool
games (ludi) involving animals
augustus 27BC-AD14, caesars heir, ambitious, styles himself ordinary, runs efficiently
a major Etruscan city-state; Banditaccia Necropolis located here and necropolis at Tarquinia
entrance vestibule of a basilica.
Trajan's Column
commemorates Dacian wars, horizontally- cut drums of white marble, 12 ft diameter, 97 ft high, podium: tomb of Trajan, statue on top (org. Trajan, replaced with St. Peter)
exercise area, after Apodyterium, olive oil to cleanse
pool in floor of atrium
emperor 37-41AD; extended imperial residence on Palatine down into Forum
grandiose temple complex dedicated to aphrodite and the julio-claudian emperors
Apollodorus of Demascus
creator of forum trajan
large channels carrying fresh water into Rome, eleven major ones that all work on gravity ex: pont du gard, named after person who paid for it
lion looking creature, process: make wax figure, cover with clay ten bronze, cut from wax
pax augusta/romana
roman/augustan peace->get with the program
gathering area where male citizens met
daily administration of the city; maintained the archives, public buildings, roads and sewers
orginally by Agrippa in 27 BC,rectangular porch, circle in back (rotunda), dedicated to all gods, rebuilt in 118-125 AD, recillinear and curvillinear, concrete dome, oculus, marble columns and stautes
Roman money: 1 aureus (gold)
25 denarius
Roman money: 1 denarius (sliver)
4 sestertius
fine wares
food and drink, imported, decorated
117-138 AD, Spanish, different from Trajan, ideal secure and self- sufficient empire, spent time in provinces, loved Greek
city destroyed, and completely buried in 79 AD by Vesuvius
c. 100 delos unidealized face, shows aging, hard roman general face, but idealized greek body ?(check)
Stadium of Domitian
86 Domitian put it up
curved structural member that spans an opening, made of travertine, three orders: pier(sides of arch), voussoir (blocks curving up), keystone(center piece at top that stabilizes whole thing)
votive deposit
buried artifacts commonly found in sanctuary sites which seemed to have been deliberately buried and sealed in antiquity
Lapis Niger
"black Stone" in Comitium; sanctuary underneath; altar, column, block of stone found inside; evidence for king
Main east-west street in a Roman city.
Dominus Italica
typical single0family house of this period
changing room in a Roman bathing facility
new capital at Bycanthilium of the East Roman empire
284-305 AD, divided empire into two sections Western half and eastern half, Augustus of the East
Palmyra, Syra
became wealthy because of location, Temple of Bel (32 AD),Temple of Balashamin (130 AD)
Trajan's Forum
dedicated in 112 AD, largest, Apollodorius of Damescus designer, used fund from Dacia conquest, function: legal cases, poetry readings, burning of debt,free of slaves, no temple but Basilica
Mediterranean quartet
cereals, vines, olives, legumes, grain most important in diet, fish not common, meat rare
Hadrian's Villa
134 AD, recreates features from different places, counpus and serapeum
Ara Pacis
Altar of Augustan Peace; 13-9BC; sculpted relief showing procession of citizens and peace personified
4th cent wall made of crumbly tufa, ashlar (neat rows of blocks, squared off)
campus martius
plane of mars, pavilion with altar inside enclosed by building, great floral patterns that encircle the monument with message:earth is fertile thanks to augustus and is improving, figure of tellus holding two chubby babies, hostages living as guests of rome<-foreigners getting with the roman program
Flavian dynasty
flavian family took over after nero suicide
palatine area
where 8th cent huts were, beginnings of rome
Magna Graecia
located in southern Italy & Sicily; colonies of Greeks
next to theater, it is a concert hall.
an elevated platform at the end of nave of basilica on which judges and other magistrates presided over official business.
Hadrian's Wall
conquered by Cladius, 122 AD, 3 legions participated in construstion, 73 mile in length, board ditch backed by stone/tufa wall, 16 ft high, 6.5-11.4 ft thick, 16 forts
person appointed by Augustus to be in charge of the distribution of grain
Porta Nigra
4th cent AD, dark and strong atri.
invented in 2nd Cent. BC, noth water and room are heated by furances, rasied floor with brick wall tubes
Marcus Aurileus
161- 180 AD, interested in philophosy not military
only source of light, 27 ft diameter, balastic rock on bottom and pumice on top, coffer at the top that took off weight
Circus Maximus
area used for public spectacles as early as 6th century BC; next to Palatine & Aventine; two parallel sides with two semi-circular ends; spina in middle
Villa of the mysteries
c. 60-50 just outside pompeii, celebration of some kind of mystery, second style painting: live humans mixed with supernatural creatures like dionysos
altar of Domitus Ahsnobarbis
not an altar, reliefs (wedding procession of neptune and amphitrite) document importation of hellenistic style and mythological subj matter into roman republican art-late 2nd cent
Comitia Centuriata
assembly of all the male citizens in their role as soldiers
group of peoples in an area that is modern day France, Belgium, Switzerland and northern Italy; fought naked
Edict of Milan
313 AD, religious freedom in Empire, declares Sunday a public holiday,
fought the Romans on the E frontier of the Empire, defeated by Sepitmus Severus
Ostia Harbor
key point of entry fro grain, stored in horrea, evidence for houses, settlement laid out as Forum
main room of house; hole in roof; pool in floor
bronze figure of mars
found near todi, well known artist colony, struck by lightening, lightening important celestial sign so they buried it (late fifth cent)
Temple of Vesta
5th c. BC; round temple in the Forum
Basilica of Trier
lack of cloumnade, in the capital of the W. empire
Theater of Marcellus
build on Campus Martius in late 1st century
Temple of Castor and Pollux
located on the Roman Forum; originally built in gratitude for victory at the battle of Lake Regillus (495 BC) after seeing Castor and Pollux watering their horses
Arch of Sepitmus Severus
203 AD, Roman forum, made of travntine with marble columns, commemorates victories over Pathians, captive Pathians soldiers on side,
Temple of Divus Julius
built on Forum Romanum by Augustus on spot where Julius Caesar cremated
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