Roman Archaeology Final Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Cancelleria
...
lupanar
brothel
Tivoli
c. 75
Sarcophagus
contained remains
Ludi
public games
Tiberius
14-37, turned mad
Thermopolium
fast food joints
lares
Roman household God.
attic
top part of arch
veristic
true to natural appearance
Frigidarium
room with cool pool
Forum Transitorium
temple to Minerva
opus incertum
irregularly shaped stones
Villanovan
9th-8th Centuries, would put cremations into hut urns modeled a real house
Veii-portonaccio
c. 510-500 portonaccio sanctuary, platform all around, three steps, columns all around, three rooms, only front steps, statues on roof on ridge pole
Regia
earliest public building, possible house of Romulus
consuls
chief civil and military officers
Tepidarium
warm bath like sauna, relax
Insula
tall apartment building, wealthy people live on the bottom, strong walls, interoir courtyard, shops on ground floor, bigger in Rome, poorly built would collaspe and emperors set hieght limits
gladiator
slave, criminal or professional fighter in a ludi
lupa
foster mother wolf, looks midieval etruscan bronze 500
Drum
cylindrical wall that supports a dome
Colosseum
flavian amphitheater, takes name from proximity to the collosus of nero, its made of concrete and can fit up to 50,000 supported by barrel vaults, ext made of travertine arches in layers begining with doric, ionic, then corinthian capitals framing the arches
triumph
procession of a successful Roman general
Poseidonia/Paestum
greek colony with excellent examples of Greek temples
larium
shrine to the 'lares' household God.
Constantine
son of Constantous Clhorus, 206 distiniguished self, troopa declared Augustus, instead became Ceaser, battled agianst Maxventius who was in Rome (306-312), finished Basilica that Maxventius started
Solidus
new montary system that Constantine introduces, creates greater divide of population
Leptis Magna
Septimus Severus made improvements columnaded main street, new forum, basilica, and triumphal arch
Garum
fish sauce, expensive delicacy, the by-product of fish processing, made by fermenting the intenstine and other waste products, exported from S. Spain to Italy
Roman money: 1 sestertius (silver)
4 asses
Roman money: 1 denarius (sliver)
4 sestertius
Decimus Junius Brutus
assassin of Julius Caesar
vulci
sarcophagus of ramtha visnai & arnth tetnies(man and woman embracing, heart shape)
Profectio
departure of emperor from rome in order to wage war
thrust
outward force exerted by arch or vault
Aphrodisias
city that loved to grovel to romans
Capitolium
temple of jupiter optimus maximus 509 on the capitoline hill
Caere
Cerveteri - etruscan town famous for its tombs
decebalus
king of dacia fought against roman empire in three wars
Adventus
ceremonial entry of emperor into the city
Karl Weber
Swiss architect appointed to help Alcubierre with excavations in 1750-1764; interested in detail, plans and drawings
Campania
Southern region of Italy, later, home to greeks
Pithecusae
First major Greek settlement in the west; small island off the Bay of Naples dating to 750BC
Amphitheater
"double theater", at Pompeii, it was also founded by Quinctus Valgus and Marcus Porcius. It could seate 20,000 spectators and was situated on natural hillsides. It was created with concrete and issued an arena where galdiators fought.
natatio
swimming pool in a Roman bathing facility
59 CE
Brawl breaks out in Amphitheater between Pompeiians and Nucerians during a gladiateral contest.
Hadrian's Villa
134 AD, recreates features from different places, counpus and serapeum
Sepitimus Severus
193-211, disband guard, reduced power of the senate, highest military went to who had risen through the military
Caracalla
212 extends citizenship to almost all free persons in Empire murdered in 217
Dacia
the place that Trajan conquers, and used funds from conquest to built up Forum
Ephesus
capital to Asia- minor, largest, port, theater, library
Monte testaccio
mount potsherd, mountain made of amphorae, 53 mil smashed amphorae, mainly came from spian, N. Africa on upper half
Curia Julia
original curia rebuilt by Julius Caesar after it burned in 52 BC
tablinum
home office; records kept and business conducted here
2nd style
aim was to dissolve the confining walls of room and replace with 3-d illusions of a world created by artist
augurs tomb
with door that leads into underworld, scenes obssessed with death, deities that make the afterlife terribl, etruscan definition of the afterlife
Forum Romanum
located in the valley between the Capitoline and Palatine hills; indicates centralized hierarchical control, deployment of massive resources, labor, skill, and ideas
Theater Tectum
official name of odeum at Pompeii, Quinctius Valgus and Marcus Porcius founded
Hypocaust
invented in 2nd Cent. BC, noth water and room are heated by furances, rasied floor with brick wall tubes
Basilica Nova
looks like bathing complex, 30 ft staute of sitting Constantine in the apps, marble
Arch of Constantine
312-315 AD, commeorates over victory of Maxventius, cobles arch together from other structures
Porta Nigra
4th cent AD, dark and strong atri.
Vespasian
emperor 69-79 AD; 1st of the Flavian emperors; builds Forum/Temple of Peace; conquered province of Judea
Theater of Pompey
55 BC: scena: scene, cavea: audience, orchestra: central area(semicircular), used temple to persuade roman resistance to greek theatres, said theater was stairway to temple
Arch of Titus
81 in front of colosseum, celebrates titus and his victory over jerusalem, domitian put after titus dead, documentary of triumph with scenes carrying spoils, illusion of space in frieze, arch framed by engaged columns with composite capitals and the spandrels contain images of winged female victory figures
Forum Boarium
"cattle market" near the bend in the Tiber
Vestal Virgins
4 (later 6) girls chosen between the ages of 6 & 10 who served for 30 years watching over the fire in the temple of Vesta
Ceasar the title
under the Augustus ruling in the Tetrarchy
Ostia Harbor
key point of entry fro grain, stored in horrea, evidence for houses, settlement laid out as Forum
Trier
capital of Ceaser in W late 3rd- 4th century
Nimes, France
121 BC, Augustus gave city wall with monumental entrance, Maison Caree: Roman temple "Stone House", amphitheater
Pompey the Great
military and political leader of the late Roman Republic; allied with Caesar & Crassus in First Triumvirate
Osteria dell'Osa
a site in Latium known for it's large circular cemetery from 900BC; adult men are buried in the center with woman and young men around
Walls of Aurelian
built in 271-275 AD, 12 miles, 25ft high, red brick, incorporated wall of buildings, served as principle defense for 1600 years
Forum/Temple of Peace
built by Vespasian next to Forum of Augustus
maison carre sanctuary
in nimes CE 1-10 similar to temple of portunus but has corinthian columns and capitals and more columns, corinthian is more flexible doric hard to make proportions come out right, corinthian looks just as good on all sides
Conpus at Hadrian's Villa
body of water with open dinning area, Egyptian, columns with Greek statues
Tomb of the Cornelii Scipiones
2nd century BC; on via appia; shaped like a Greek altar; belongs to a rich man who had his accomplishments engraved
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