Roman Architecture Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Vomitoria
colosseum's exits
Arcade examples
Aqueducts
Arcade
Multiple arches together
architrave
lower portion of entablature
Edict of Milan
313 AD
Coffers
Made w/ poor concrete
Dome
Arch spun 360 degrees
Aqueducts
-Carry water long distances
-Engineering marvels
-11 served Rome alone
-million people
-150 gal/day
Aqueduct
carried water long distances. engineering marvel, 11 served rome,150 gal. a day
pilaster
rectangular column built into wall
Central Plan Churches
used for baptism.
Rosedale Arch (really?)
Dedicated to veterans.
Vault
Barrel Vault and Groin Vault
Ground level of the colosseum
Doric columns
cosmopolis
world's first "world city" inhabited by more than one culture of people
coffering
sunken panels to reduce weight (Pantheon)
Flavian Ampitheatre
seated 50,000. Coliseum/Colosseum 1st century AD. A place to entertain masses.
Basilica
originally a civic building-law court or government. Ex: Basilica of Constantine 310-20 AD.
When was concrete reinvented after demise of Roman empire
1750
Groin Vault
2 Barrel vault crossed over
Most of these were in urban areas
Temples
two major contributions to roman architecture
Arch, Concrete
The Pantheon
temple built by Hadrean, 120-127 AD
8th century BC
mud, brick, timber, volcanic rock
opus reticulatum
more organized placement of stones. small, square stones laid diagonally
arches
acts in places of horizontal beam, aesthetic and structural support, held together by a keystone
Vault examples.
Victories, propaganda. So many built that some had to be torn down.
The arch
the keystone (center). Exerts constant outward force. Keystone locks pieces into place.
Temples - Maison de Caree
-Small
-Urban
-Dedicated to Gods
Three manipulations of the arch
Barrel vault-simplest/groin vault (double barrel), Arcade-arches side by side, dome-arch spun 360 degrees
oculus
the eye of the pantheon, opening at the top of the pantheon, sun shined on a different god throughout the day
opus testaceum
concrete core, faced with bricks or tiles
Concrete
Romans 1st to use wide scale. Mixed with lime, volcanic ash, and sand and/or stone.
Old St. peters
Built where St. Peter was married
Marcus Agrippa
receives most of the credit for the pantheon, name is on the front
2 importants baths
BATHS OF CARACALLA & BATHS AT BATH
two prototypes of christian buildings
The Basilica-Latin cross plan; the central plan-greek cross plan
2 Major contributions from Roman architecture
-The Arch - Keystone (center)
-Concrete - to world
the purpose of the baths
meeting place, hygiene, holy spas, for everyone
where did the water from the aqueducts go?
Kings and nobles, public drinking, and the public bathes
Colosseum
used for free entertainment
spandrel
length between two keystones
pier
the vertical columns on arches
trompe-l'oeil
imitation of marble, wood, stucco, cloth, stone, etc.
apse
spaces designated for the orator where they would speak, which projects sound to the crowd
Roads Use
Used for traveling, trade, and military
entablature
the horizontal course of a Roman or Greek building between the columns and the roof
clerestory
the upper part of the main outer wall of a building
pendentive
area in a dome vault where the "groin" is located
/ 49
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online