Roman Art Key Terms Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
pagan
non-Christian
Latrina
Toilet
Rotated Arch
dome
Equestrian
On horse
tholos
round temple
Triclinium
Living room
mausoleum
an above-ground tomb
Manuscripts
6th century AD
imperator
commander in chief
Tiberius
Velleia, 38-45 CE
Basilica of Constantine
4c
Portrait of Marcus Aurelius
170
The Tetrarchs (Late empire)
Domus Aurea, Rome
64 AD
Roman civilization was __________
practical
Children bearing was important/unimportant.
important
Augustus (bust)
Rome 125 CE
triumphal arch
arch about victory
Portrait of Commodus as Hercules
190
Colossal Statue of Constantine, Rome
313
a mosaic tile
A tessera is
Arch of Titus, Rome
81 AD
Basilica
Administrative government building at this time; not religious
veristic
realistic depictions of one's faults
teleological
having a predefined, inevitable end
nave
a long, wide, center aisle
Pantheon
Designed by Emperor Hadrian and dedicated to "all gods" concrete, Corinthian Order, Portico and Rotunda, lighted by oculus
Clementia Panel from the Triumphal Arch of Marcus Aurelius
176
tumulus
an artificial mound, typically found over a grave
Temple of Portunus, Republic, Roman Empire
A major Roman competitor was _________
Carthage
insulae
islands; similar to present day apartments; numerous familes would live above stores in these apartments
Fresco
wall painting technique that uses colors directly on freshly applied plaster. It is divided in four styles and the best examples are perserved in Pompeii and Herculaneum, due to catastophe of the Vesuvius.
clearstory windows
allow light in from attic
tropea
trophy; monument on battlefield in which roman soldier's armor is placed on stick (like scarecrow) to show domination over area
pilaster
a rectangular column that usually projects about a third of its width from the wall to which it is attached
Marison Carre
Marcus Agrippa; 1st c BC
amphitheater
Literally, a double theater. A Roman building type resembling two Greek theaters put together.
Apollo from Veii-Etruscan
-terra-cotta
-figure has spirit, moves fward
-would have been on the roof of the temple (very etruscan)
-archaic smile
niche
classical architecture is an exedra or an apse that has been reduced in size, retaining the half-dome heading usual for an apse.
Burial Chamber, Tomb of the Leopards, Italy
Cornucopia
Horn of plenty, symbolising wealth and fertility
Apse
rounded end of building opposite of the entrance- back of building; focal point where emporer would sit if he is there but statue is in his place when he wasn't there
peristyle
the rectangular garden or courtyard of a roman house
The Forum of Trajan was a ________.
basilica
Theater of Pompey
Rome (Campus Martius) 55 BCE
Ptolemy
Presents Caesar w/ Pompey's head and rign
Fourth Pompeian Style
-combined elements of previous three styles
-painted "marble" (from first)
-large scenes (from second)
-delicate small scenes (third)
-many framed with images naval battles
drum
a) one of the cylindrical blocks of stone from which the shaft of a column is made; b) the circular or polygonal wall of a building surmounted by a dome or cupola
continuous narration
the convention of the same figure appearing more than once in the same space at different stages in a story
The Arch of Titus, Early Empire, Roman Empire
Arch of Titus
81 AD passageway decorated with reliefs, w/ scenes of Titus' return from Jerusalem conquest
groin vault
two barrel vaults intersect at right angles.
The seated matron with plentiful around her could possibly be...?
Tellus, Ceres, Venus?
contrapposto
one leg rigid, one bent; one arm outstretched, one close to body
Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus
3c; battle between romans and goths
What are Mosaics?
small painted shapes put together to form a large work of art. usually for floors. made of marble, limestone, and glass.
coffer
a sunken panel in a vault or ceiling (Pantheon)
The only building which has been in continuous use since classical antiquity to the present day:
The Pantheon
Arch of Susa
arch built in today Piemonte region (northern italy) by Augustus once he signed an treaty with the local populations; some of the reliefs show plebian art influence, with the animals of the sacrafice procession bigger than real.
Villa at Boscoreale
50 BCE; evidence of 2nd style painting
pantheon 4 reasons
1. huge walls 20 feet
2. oculus
3. light materials
4. coffers
1st style wall paintings
260-200 BC(?) used marble of various colors on painted plaster, example of early Hellenistic period, depicted gods, mortals, and heroes
The tomb at Petra was a good example of Roman ______ style, not seen until the 17th century in France.
Roman Baroque
what is fourth style wall painting?
less disciplined style, large scale narratives, warm colors, unrealistic architecture.
Private homes had high walls to...
keep people, noise, and odors outside.
What is the inscription on the Pantheon?
\"Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, Consul for the third time, built this\" Marcus A is builder of temple the Pantheon replaced
What does the arch of Constantine celebrate?
His victory over the triptaechy and rise to singular power
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