Roman Civilization 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
753-509 bc
the vast majority.
27 bc-476 ad
"Most Honored" or "Revered"
Conspiracy of Catiline
63 bc
Formal or elaborate praise
Scattering of the Jews
Marcus Porcius Cato
Carthage delenda est
carreid net,trident,no helmet, paired with secutor
The study of body structure
Byzantine empire
Constantinople, capital- stretched west to Italy, South to Egypt, East to Arabia. Black Sea and the Agean Sea- easy to defend- water on 3 sides and a huge wall on the 4th side- crossroads of trade routes- became center of trade- spices, gems, minerals, silk, cloth, fur, honey, and enslaved people.
The Romans adopted their polytheistic religion from what group?
1) Caesar's grandnephew and adopted son
2) commander against antony
Reduced army; empire reached it largest
Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC) Son won in 3rd punic
the largest island in the Mediterranean
the policy of conquering and establishing control over a foreign country
Poem that expresses strong emotions about life
battle where Caesar finally defeated Gauls
Famous historian known for presenting accurate facts
Roman satirist who denounced the vice and folly of Roman society during the reign of the emperor Domitian (60-140)
playwright. wrote comedy in a more refined and delicate style than plautus. his characters are less earthy, and the humor emerges from more subtle situations like greed.
disease that spreads quickly and kills many people
persons who search or seek for something
De Rerum Natura (the nature of things)
migrated around 1000 B.C. built Rome in mid- 8th C B.C. ()753 B.C made the Romulus and remus myth
He was an Emporer and created Hadrian's Wall
noted for his dramatic reforms of Roman armies, authorizing recruitment of landless citizens, eliminating the manipular military formations, and reorganizing the structure of the legions into separate cohorts
In ancient Rome, person who fought animals and other people as public entertainment
Mucius Scaevola
showed Etruscans his courage by plunging his right hand into a fire
divided the empire into two separate parts- Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire- the captial of the west was Rome and the capital of the east was Constantinople.
emperor who divided the empire into four parts
The baths built in Rome were similar to that of which earlier civilization?
picture made from many bits of colored glass, tile or stone
pyrrhic victory
win the battle but lose many men
Second Civil War
Pompey vs. Caesar; Pompey jealous; Caesar crosses Rubicon and wins
Rape of Lucretia
509 Before Republic there were kings,son of last king (Lucius Tarquinius Superbus) raped Lucretia, a married noble woman who killed herself after the rape. Lucretias father and her son lead Rome and rebel against kings. This set up the republic
slave, trained as a gladiator, who led a rebellion against the roman army for slave freedom- he was killed after two years
power by tribunes; to block laws that may have been harmful to plebeians
People who lived in Northern Italy and posed threats to the Roman Monarchy
The religious center of the Byzantine Empire was
Hagia Sophia
The Romans admired the Greeks works of buildings, architecture, writing, and statues. They used many of the Greek ideas but changed them to suit their own needs.
Greco-Roman Culture
The mixing of greek, Hellenistic and Roman Culture (also called classical civilization
Titus Flavius Vespasianus
Emperor of Rome. son of Vespasian (40-81)
it did not pass laws when kings ruled. they appointed commanders, assigned funds, and generally set public policy.
1) usually about 300 senators in the Republic
2) men who had held elected offices
3) membership was for life.
4) restrained hot-headed politicians and provided the moral leadership that saw the state through a military crisis.
Elected for one year and in charge of administration and law.
Punic Wars
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
the act of freeing or the state of being freed from slavery, servitude, etc.
Who was at the bottom of the social classes?
Sextus Propertius
50-15 BC. much of his poetry is filled with academic allusions and pervaded with melancholy, but the emotions read as though they are sincerely expressed
women in later republic
1) women began to own significant property.
2) marriage less oftened involved the placing of a woman under the absolute power of her husband. (reason for this was because wealthy families with well-off daughters did not wish to lose contnrol over their property by transerring their wealth out of the family).
3) marriages less stable. moved from husband to husband
As time passed, the Byzantine Empire became less
Roman and more Greek
what did cleopatra's death end?
ended the hellenistic age because her death ended the macedonian kingdom
Second Punic War
218 BC to 202 BC, Hannibal decides to attack Rome, Sneaks through Gaul with 60,000 troops and 60 Elephants
war with the italians
1) marcus drusus tried to carry a bill in which Italians would be made citizens
2) he's murdered and some of the italians proclaimed themselves independent and opened a war
3) at the end, romans negotiated which allowed italians to acquire citizenship.
checks and balances
a system that makes sure no one has to much power
sulla's reforms
-2 things that menaced the rigid control over rome that the senate should enjoy
-how did he deal with them
1) tribunes of the people who had made the Assembly of Tribes more conscious of its power
- he forced through a law that weakened the tribunes' powers. (could no longer offer legislation without approval by senate. could no longer use assembly to assign military commands)
2) Generals who had used the loyalty of their armies to gain political leverage.
- passed a law that forbade army commanders to leave their provinces or make war outside their borders without instruction from senate. Hence, no ambitious commander could blunder into war or make himself conqueror.
why doesn't caesar make egypt a province of rome?
he doesn't want to put any roman in charge who could potentially overthrow or rival him. He knew he could control cleopatra just fine
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