Roman Culture 2

Terms Definitions
Forum
marketplace
castellum
resrvoir
tali
knucklebones
taeda
torch
sepulcrum
tomb
Lanista
Trainer
sellae
seat
formalism/conservatism
...
Nomina
“Name”
cognomen
nick name
rostra
speaker's platform
insula
city block
nomen
family name
far
hardy wheat
strigilis
bath scraper
sarcophagus
stone coffin
Gaius Marius
...
carceres
starting gates
Burrus
Guardian of Nero
hoc habet!
he's hit!
tunica
short-sleeved woolen shirt
frigidarium
bath cold room
Manumission
Freeing of slaves
aedile
4; city mayor
Senate
ELigability: Ex-Magistrates
Size: 300--600--900
Duties: income/expenditures of state; Llegistative, diplomatic advise, gave advise
753 B.C.
founding of Rome
nomen (gentile)
middle name (family)
palus
fencing at a post
amusement places
circus, theater, amphitheater
Parentalia
festival of dead parents
compluvium
a rain collecting roof
trigon, trigonis, m
ball game
Appian, The Civil Wars
...
What is breakfast called?
ientaculum
dies lustricus
ninth day- naming day
consecrare
dedicating the good luck charm
equites
occupied first 14 theater rows
Suasoria
sort of a persuasive speech
lavinia
latinus' daughter who marries aeneus
auspicium
Watching the sky for birds!
What is a palla?
outer cloak
stola
floor length strapped dress without sleeves
"Republican" Offices
Established by Augustus. 1. Consulship/imperator 2. censorship--does census and morality
Pontifex Maximus
chief priest and government official
Mezentius
wounded by Aeneas, father of Lausus
hannibal
captain of the carthage army. hannibal's elephants
"Callimachean" aesthetics
Callimachean aestethics: non epic poems, should be small
Ager publicus
Public Land, problems with it.
Gamoroi
Narrow oligarchies, composed of the descendents of the first settlers, for a long time controlled the best land and the public offices-these are in Syracuse-those who shared the land.
paterfamilias
supreme in his own home, absolute power over children
bulla
locket to protect the evil spirits from the boy children
Mercury
Sent by Jupiter, convinces Aneas to leave Dido and continue his task
dextras iungere
joining of the couple's right hands
empire
a land with different territories and people under a single ruler
Evander
King of Arcadian, agrees to help Aeneas, throws Aeneas a feast
Catilinian Conspiracy
Catiline plots overthrow and Cicero defends Rome
haruspex/haruspices (pl)
Looking at internal organs of sacrificail animals...liver most important needed to be in good shape
Bestiarius (Gladiator type)
Bestiarius & Venator (vs. animals)
What did the Romans cook with?
earthenware pots
Regia
Sacred building in the Roman Forum between the via Sacra and the Temple of Vesta, believed to have been built by king Numa; residence of the king during the regal period, thereafter headquarters of the pontifex maximus.
Nobiles
The men from the families that were elected for important government positions. They could be both plebian of patrician.
Turnus
A warrior of a nearby kingdom to Latnium, who lusts after Lavinia. He is convinced by Furry Allecto to trun on the Trojans
Rhea Silvia and Mars
parents of Romulus and Remus
Forum of Julius Caesar
Also known as forum lalium
7 kings of rome
rentalist. romulus. numa. tullus. ancus. lucius. servius tulius. tarquin the proud.
Marcus Porcius Cato
wanted to put conspirators to death
Patria Potestas
Father (Pater) and those living under his power (Patria potestas): wife an children
Infra Classem
And those who could not (“below those summoned”) see above.
Rhetoric
One of the new ideas taken from the Greeks by the Romans in the third and second centuries B.C. This opened the door for a good public career
Ars Amatoria
Written by Ovid; "the art of love"; advice to men on how to seduce women
quintus fabius maximus
the dalyer- delayed the assault and wore hannibal's troops down
Verginius and Verginia
Verginia is the daughter of Verginius and brother of Lucius Icilius. Appius Claudius lusts after her; sends Marcus Claudius to say she is his slave; taken to ourt where Appius says she should remain in custody of MC. She can return to Home for one day bail. Verginius kills his kills his daughter and flees. People turn on Appius.
What was the curia?
where town councils and curiae (tribes) met; where the Senate met in Rome
Apollonius of Rhodes
Tells the story of Jason and the Golden Fleece
What was the Bona Dea?
festival where Vestal Virgins and women honored goddess of chastity
imp. of the 2nd punic war
econ growth, carthage destroyed. 2 imperialism 3 culture, hellenization of rome
preserved to one day
Why is the site of Pompeii so unique and important for archeologists?
cena
dinner
pistrina
bakery
libertus
freedman
ustrina
crematory
Familia
Family
lictors
...
Constantine
.
aqueducts
led water
curia
senate house
insulae
apartment houses
paedagogus
child's attendant
candelabrum
tall lampstand
praenomen
chosen name
lictor
body guard
Tepidarium
Warm room
secunda mensa
dessert course
plebs
lower class people
capillis solutis
disheveled hair
alae
wings off atrium
Instrumentum
property of owner
strigilis, strigilis, f
strigil
Triclinium
Triclinium: dining room
mater familias
managed household affairs
Livius Andronicus
wrote the odussia
toga virilis
adult male toga
Rhertor
15 years and up
Tarquinius Priscus
Etruscan fifth king
palus, pali, m
fencing post
olive oil
used instead of butter
Pallas' Belt
50 sons and daughters
Tiber River
river Rome situated on
Liberalia
festival of Liber or Bacchus
anatomy
the study of body structure
Social War
war with Italian allies
Gaius Cassius
And brutus did it
Hoplon
hoplite-Greek armored infantryman who carried a heavy shield (hopolon) and fought in pitched battle as part of a massed formation (phalanx).
caput aquarum
head of water-begin water source
Palinurus
Trojan helmsman of Aeneas' ship; washed overboard, his burial site becomes a cape (Palinuro) on the western coast of Lucania that bears his name. Aneas sees him in the underworld, he didnt recieve proper burial
public baths
contained baths, gymnasium, libraries, lounge, garden
Ludus Magnus
the great gladiatorial training school
palla
single colorful piece of material draped over the shoulders and around the body or over the head as well
AD 68-69
year of 4 emperors, Galba/Otho/Vitellius/Vespasian
Robigalia
mildew, rust, avoid blight on crops.
Tablinum
room or alcove off atrium; office
Polis
“city” “city state” (Greek) by the end of the 8th century, some of the Greek colonies of Sicily and southern Italy began these.
Who was the king of Clusium?
Lars Porsenna
Princeps
Name given to leaders during Augustan rule
Comitia Tributa
popular assembly that elected other officials
Anchises
Aeneas's father, tells him of Rome's future
Juno
Queen of the Gods, is against Aeneas
tacitus
roman historian that wrote annals and actual history
AD 395-565
Division of Empire, Romulus Augustulus and Justinian
De Rerum Natura
"On the nature of things
Who guarded the fire of Vesta?
vestal virgins
Curia
1. The earliest group into which Roman citizens were divided; 2. The meeting place of a citizen unit or other group, in particular a senate or town council. The principal meeting place for Rome’s own senate was the building called the Curia in the Forum.
Podium
1. supporting platform of a building or temple, from which public speeches were often delivered; 2. balcony of a theater or arena from which the emperor viewed the event; imperial dais.
Cum Manu
marriage "with the hand" where the bride switches pater familias and her land also goes over to the pater familias. This way of marriage was more traditional and the bride and groom feed eachother cake
1) bride switches pater familias
2) men never switch pater familias
3) Pater Familias is your oldest direct living ancestor
(know tree diagram demonstratin done in class)
Tiresias
says that Narcissus will live to see old age if he never comes to know himself. blind prophet
Cursus Honorum
order of offices from quaestor to praetor to consul
Vault
an arched brick or stone ceiling or roof
imperium
the right to command given by the gods
Catiline
Had a plan to overthrow rome, Quintis Curius reveals plan to Mistress
Who served the legate?
6 tribunes and a prefect
Origins
Cato the Elder wrote this the first prose history in Latin-Origins being the main theme of the work.
Tibullus
wrote 2 or 3 books, wrote about the shut out lover, the soldier of love, and symposiums. Risque.
Monarchy
period of 7 kings from 753 to 509 BC
Pompey (the Great)
Part of triumpherate. Served as a Consol killed pirates
What did Samnites fight with?
short swords and long shields
Ius Gentium
The part of the law, according to the Romans, which appied both to them, and to foreigners. This means "The law of nations."
senatus consultum ultimum
After he reveals the conspiracy to the senate, this is passed, allowing Rome to raise an army, wage war, unlimited control given to Cicero
Ara Maxima
An alter dedicated in honor of one or more gods, where a sacrifice could be made-this was dedicated to the Greek hero Heracles (Latin, Hercules).
What is a toga praetexta?
white toga with purple stripe on border worn by boys
In what months are the Nones and Ides two days later?
March, May, July and October
/ 150
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Can't find what you need?

Our experts are available for 24/7 homework help.