Russian History test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Nicholas II
1894
1863
Polish Uprising
Alexander ll
abolishes serfdom
December 1905
Riots ended
1904
Rosseau Japanese War
Westernizers
Wanted to Modernize Russia
December 31 1916
Rasputin dies
1908
Education Ukasi by Nicholas
When does Gorbachev bring peace?
1985
Dobroliubov
Russian literary critic, journalist, poet and revolutionary democrat who wrote in the 50's and 60's (died age 25). Rebelled against accepted values and standards.
1884
Three Emperor's League (Russia, Germany, Austria)
February- May 1907
Second imperial Duma
When did communism fail in Russia?
1991
Vasili III
(1503-1533) Forbid brother from marrying until he had his own son. Had a competition for most beautiful woman to choose a bride.
napoleon
Napoleon is the most charismatic general in French history, famed for his military successes and (at the same time) for not quite conquering Europe. Starting as a second lieutenant in the French artillery, he rose quickly through the ranks until he staged a 1799 coup that made him First Consul of France. (In 1804 he went further, proclaiming himself emperor.) He led his armies to victory after victory, and by 1807 France ruled territory that stretched from Portugal to Italy and north to the river Elbe. But Napoleon's attempts to conquer the rest of Europe failed; a defeat in Moscow in 1812 nearly destroyed his empire, and in 1814 he was deposed and exiled to the island of Elba. The next year he returned to Paris and again seized power, but this success was short-lived: the French army's 1815 loss to the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo finished Napoleon for good. He was sent into exile on the island of St. Helena, where he died in 1821. His body was returned to Paris in 1840, and his tomb there remains a popular attraction
totalitarian government
absolute control by the government
1877
Trepov Incident (Trepov's sentence to 25 lashes with a knout defied the judicial reforms of 1864)
1878
Vera Zasulich shoots and injures Trepov for the sentencing. Is let off by a jury. Shows many that the judicial reforms were working, but to the newly forming People's will, it showed weakness in the autocracy.
February 6, 1904
Japan attacks port arthur
1941
Hitler broke the non agressin pact
Mongols
The ________ were nomadic people with Genghis Khan as their leader. They were the 2nd largest empire, and destroyed all the major cities in Russia from 1237-1480.
T. Shevchenko
Ukrainian Poet whose writings fostered a Ukrainian literary library and a sense of Ukrainian Nationhood.
1815
Holy Alliance- A league of European nations formed by the leaders of Russia, Austria, and Prussia after the congress of Vienna
Alexei
(1645-1676) Son of Mikhail. 16 when takes the throne. Strong and very pious, brings order and stability to Russia. Reign defined by the Stenka Rebellion- peasant unrest- anti nobility but pro Tsar.
Rasputin
The religious monk who had great influence on the tsar and his family, especially the tsarina, when they became convinced the he could help cure their son's hemophilia.
democracy
government in which the people hold ruling power
dystopia
opposite of utopia; a utopia gone wrong
zemstvo
form of local government that was instituted during the great liberal reforms performed in Imperial Russia by Alexander II of Russia; dissolved after October Manifesto. Although it was supposed to be representative, nobles had a much bigger say in who was elected.
June 1907
Electoral Law, like prussian suffrage, aristocrat and priest had 3 more votes
1864
ukase to reform the judicial system, creation of zemstvos
1881- 1883
Pogroms (anti semitic riots) occured in the Pale
1861
Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom in Russia
P. Kiselev
Member of the Committee of 6 December.Headed up and reformed state peasants, Ministry of State Domains. Forced Peasants to grow potatoes called "Kiselev's potatoes"
Treaty of Paris
March 1856 Ends the Crimean War
Alexander Nevsky
Grand Prince of Novrogrod. Famous for his military victories over German and Swedish Invaders. Made a Saint
Nil Sorski
leader of the Non Possessors and Nesychast movement- "back to the Bible"
Ivan IV Groznyi
(1533-1584) "The Terrible" Known for his Reign of Terror- The Oprichnik. His reign was followed by the Time of Troubles
Pomestie
Land granted to nobles in exchange for service
voltaire
Voltaire was the pen name of Francois Marie Arouet, who first made a name for himself among the refined patrons of the French salons. He applied his wit and knowledge to writing poetry and political treatises, often incurring the wrath of the French government and the church. Perhaps his most famous work is his novel Candide (1759), with its common sense conclusion that we must "cultivate our garden."Voltaire influenced political theorists, philosophers, educators and historians, and is one of the most celebrated citizens in the history of France
New Economic Policy
Allowed peasants to sell excess produce.
December 1904
Baku, a strike in the oilfields, leading to Russia's first labor contract
1855
"No Dreams" Speech to the Poles in Russia. Don't expect any form of liberalism, be it freedom, equality, or civil rights in Russia.
ethnic group
people who have a common languages, culture, and history
Grand Duke Constantine
Brother of Alexander I and Nicholas II. Was pressured into renouncing the throne because he married a Catholic woman- was a secret. Russia was excited about him but then Nick I was made Tsar instead.
Boyar Duma
Boyar Duma gathering og the Boyars to provide advise to the prince/tsar.
Which 3 Satellite States revolted in teh 1950's?
Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia
Speransky
Son of a priest who is summoned by Alexander I. By 1808, he is the dominant figure in creating political policies. He sees the need to put the emperor under the law, and wants to make Russia self-governing. Exiled to Siberia in 1810
January 7, 1905
Over 100,000 workers in St. Petersburg stopped working to protest the firings
Peter
In 1689 ______ is the Czar. He trys to modernize Russia. He moves the capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg, which he built.
Primary Russian Chronicle
One of the earliest works from Russia complied by monks, describes events from 852-1110
Prince Alexei
Son of the tsar and heir to the throne, he suffered from hemophilia and was extremely ill for most of his life.
January 9, 1905
Bloody Sunday, a march (intended to be peaceful) of thousands of workers and their families led by Father Gapon on Palace Square, sparked by 4 members of Gapon's Labor Association getting fired, police and troops open fire.
Battle of Lake Chud (1242)
(1242) a battle between the republic of Novogord and the Livonian branch of the Teutonic knights. Famous for being fought on top of a freezing lake.
St. Boris and St. Gleb
2 sons of Vladmimir I were murdered by their brother Sviatopolk "the Damned" during the succession crisis. Made into saints.
How did Germany help Lenin with the Revolution?
They sent him secretly by train into Russia to start a revolution
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