Russian Revolution Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Temporary, short-term
wealthy peasant
Russian elected Parliament
Provisional Government
temporary government
World War I
camp created by Stalin
the Communist secret police
to criticize or blame
Russian revolutionary, leader of provisional government after Nicholas II abdicated, was overthrown by the Bolsheviks (1881-1970)
five year plan
industry, transportation, agriculture.
A public declaration of intentions
communist international, founded by lenin to spread revolution throughout the world.
social system/theory in which producers posses political power and means of producing/distributing goods
working class especially industrial wage earners who had to sell their stuff to things to survive
who are the Marxists?
Social democrats
Organized government attacks against ethnic groups, especially the Jews
major leader of Bolsheviks→ Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov
The communist youth movements that were introduced outside of schools to smother youth with Stalin's ideas
successor to Lenin, believed in Socialism, believed death or extensive labor solved everything, fear punishment, 5 Year Plan, collectivization, teamed up with Hitler in WWII, gained absolute power between 1922-1927, exiled Trotsky, tried to create utopian society, flourished in industrialization, TOTALITARIANISM
someone who wants revolutionary or extreme changes (Lenin for example)
factory workers, peasants, military; a committee that rules an area of land in Russia
Leon Trotsky
Russian revolutionary and Communist theorist who helped Lenin and built up the Red army
lennin's idea of socialism differed from karl marx's theory in what way
labor forces
a pool of avalable workers
Lenin and Marx
Internationalism should replace nationalism - workers of the world should realize they have more in common with each other then with with their upper classes
karl marx
german revolutionary, writes about historical development, economic forces, and the communist theory
instructions in the governments set of beliefs
March 20, 1917
Kerensky declares political amnesty for all Russian political prisoners
secret police force much like the Tsar's
february revolution
the revolution against the Czarist government which led to the abdication of Nicholas II and the creation of a provisional government in March 1917
armed factory workers who attacked during revolutio
red gaurd
set up on the principle of collectivism or ownership and production by the workers involved usually under the supervision of a government
-right to own business and make profits
To remove permanently or expel someone from a particular place
Anton Denikin
Lieutenant General of the Imperial Russian Army and foremost general for the Whites in the Russian civil war.
gov't in which one party dictatorship controls lives of people
What country helped Lenin back into Russia when he was exiled?
1917 - April
Arrival of Lenin in Petrograd
Soviet Union
called itself the world's first communist (Marxist) country based on the ideas of Karl Marx (The Communist Manifesto, 1848)
Policy of the Czars that forced everyone to "think, act, and behave" as Russians
Marxism vs. socialism
Two opposing ideologies present in tsarist russia. One supported the means of production being owned by the people and the other wanted the means of production to be owned by the state
Stalin ensured he had no competition , so he lauched this.
Grigor Rasputin
"Mad Monk"; advisor to Czarina, will help her govern when Nicholas is at the front during WWI
Communist Party
one class would evolve, property would all be held in common, and there would be no need for government; the central government directs all major economic decisions (based on Marx's ideas)
Socialist Realism
artistic style whose goal was to promote socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive light
november revolution
Nov. 1917 when Lenin and Bolshevik followers over threw provisional government and took over the Russian government
With a great deal of enthusiasm or excitement towards a particular action or cause
Communist Manifesto
Karl Mark expressed his views about the perfect world and government in this.
Nationalities Reform
the old empire was reorganized into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, uniting the various nation groups into a federal entity of major republics and small autonomous regions.
a system by which a country maintains colonies elsewhere
Cult of Personality
Stalin uses propaganda (radio, movies, schools) to promote the idea that he is all knowing, all seeing, and must be listened to. Many workers accept it
Zionist Movement
A nationalist movement among the Jews to establish a home land in Palestine
October 26, 1917
Lenin issues the Decree on Land, giving peasants the authority to seize land at their will
Mensheviks vs. Bolsheviks
Two divisions of the Social Democratic party
The March Revolution
Nicholas II stepped (marched) down due to riots
dual monarchy
a form of government in which one rulers governs two nations
Problem with Soviet Union
wealthy countries don't revolt leaving Russia a poor, illiterate country
Socialism in one country
Theory created by Stalin for a permanent Revolution.
Alexander Kerensky
A respected member of the Duma and a Soviet; he was chosen to be the leader of the provisional government that replaced Nicholas II.
Economic (situation of that time)
no money -> no middle class
October Revolution
- Lenin's followers lead a coup in St. Petersburg claiming all power to the Soviets and Bolsheviks
- Lenin immediately offers peace to consolidate his power at home
Russo-Japanese War (effect)
Nicholas II lost the war; As a result, Russia lost most of its naval fleet, civil unrest at home increased, Russia has to stay out of Manchuria and acknowledge Japan's right to rule Korea.
Union of the Russian People (URP)
A conservative group who supported the tsar
1. Cyanide poisoning
2. Shot in the back
3. Shot 3 more times
4. Beat with a chain
How did Rasputin die? (In sequential order)
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