AP World History Final Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
aristocracy
upper class
1750
Start of Industrialization
1530s
Pizarro's conquests of Peru
Thomas Edison
electric light, phonograph, mimeograph, Dictaphone, moving pictures
universities
Degree-granting institutions of higher learning. Those that appeared in Latin West from about 1200 onward became the model of all modern universities. (p. 407)
Election of 1868
Ulysses S. Grant
Raffles
British colonial administrator who founded Singapore (1781-1826)
Janissary
Infantry, originally of slave origin, armed with firearms and constituting the elite of the Ottoman army from the fifteenth century until the corps was abolished in 1826. See also devshirme. (p. 526, 675)
Wade-Davis Bill
Program proposed for the Reconstruction of the South written by two Radical Republicans, Senator Benjamin Wade of Ohio and Representative Henry Winter Davis of Maryland. In contrast to President Abraham Lincoln's more lenient Ten Percent Plan, the bill made re-admittance to the Union for former Confederate states contingent on a majority in each Southern state to take the Ironclad oath to the effect they had never in the past supported the Confederacy.
Sovereignty
Government free from external control, reign: royal authority; the dominion of a monarch. The authority of a state to govern another state.
Ford and Congress
(GF)relations weren't that good
scholar-gentry
Chinese class created by marital linkage of the local land-holding aristocracy with the office-holding shi
United Nations
International organization founded in 1945 to promote world peace and cooperation that replaced the League of Nations
Jacobins
Radical republicans during the French Revolution under the leadership of Robespierre
J.P. Morgan
Business man -refinanced railroads during depression of 1893 - built intersystem alliance by buying stock in competeing railroads - marketed US governemnt securities on large scale
Ethiopia
East European nation whose September 1939 invasion by Hitler set off World War II in Europe
John C. Calhoun
Vice-President Calhoun anonymously published the essay South Carolina Exposition, which proposed that each state in the union counter the tyranny of the majority by asserting the right to nullify an unconstitutional act of Congress. It was written in reaction to the Tariff of 1828, which he said placed the Union in danger and stripped the South of its rights. South Carolina had threatened to secede if the tariff was not revoked; Calhoun suggested state nullification as a more peaceful solution.
- 1832 - Calhoun, from South Carolina, wrote the doctrine of nullification, expressing his views in support of states' rights. His views were so disputed and so different from Jackson's that Calhoun resigned and was appointed senator in South Carolina to present their case to Congress.
- 1832 - Calhoun resigned as vice-president when his views on states' rights were disputed by Jackson. Calhoun wanted each section of the country to share federal power equally, and he wanted independence for the South if they were to be controlled by the majority.
- Formerly Jackson’s vice-president, later a South Carolina senator. He said the North should grant the South’s demands and keep quiet about slavery to keep the peace. He was a spokesman for the South and states’ rights.
George Kennan
US ambassador to Russia, notified Truman of Soviet ambitions to expand empire and overthrow other political forces; established concern for Soviet policy in Eastern Europe, Germany, and the Middle East
cottage industries
Weaving, sewing, carving, and other small-scale industries that can be done in the home. The laborers, frequently women, are usually independent. (p. 353)
cuneiform
Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets
Magyars
Hungarian Invaders who raided towns in Germany, Italy, and Fracne in the 800s and 900s.
Charles Beard
Wrote "An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution" (1913); argued that commercial classes supported the new Constitution because they benifited from it
Anwar Sadat
Egyptian statesman who (as president of Egypt) negotiated a peace treaty with Menachem Begin (then prime minister of Israel) (1918-1981)
Chesapeake Bay
in Virginia where first settlement was
triangular trade
products from America for African slaves, African slaves for West Indies goods, West Indies goods made into American products
kamikaze
The 'divine wind,' which the Japanese credited with blowing Mongol invaders away from their shores in 1281.
prostitution
the act of engaging in sexual intercourse or performing other sex acts in exchange for money, or of offering another person for such purposes (B.197)
Khadija
Muhammad's wife; a wealthy widow who ran a prosperous caravan business
Lalibela
King of Ethiopia AFTER Christians came through; made 11 churches and all bore his name
trireme
Greek and Phoenician warship of the fifth and fourth centuries B.C.E. It was sleek and light, powered by 170 oars arranged in three vertical tiers. Manned by skilled sailors, it was capable of short bursts of speed and complex maneuvers. (p. 132)
Starving Times
Powhattan was upset with more colonists moving to the land so his people fought with them in attempt to starve the whites.
Dollar Diplomacy
President Taft's policy of linking American business interests to diplomatic interests abroad
War on Poverty
federal government will sponsor programs to end poverty - the other war of the 60s, we lost both
12th Amendment
Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.
relinquish
To renounce or surrender a possession, right, etc.:
Srivijaya
A state based on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, between the seventh and eleventh centuries C.E. It amassed wealth and power by a combination of selective adaptation of Indian technologies and concepts, and control of trade routes. (192)
taiping rebellion
The most destructive civil war before the twentieth century. A Christian-inspired rural rebellion threatened to topple the Qing Empire. (p. 687)
Cross of Gold
Spectacular convention speech by a young pro-silver advocate that brought him the Democratic presidential nomination in 1896.
15th ammendment
forbade the states and the federal gov't to deny suffrage to any citizen on account of "race, color, or previou condition on servitude."
Tanzimat reforms
Western style reforms on the Ottoman empire, included and Western style constitution
elect
a person or persons chosen by God, especially for favor or salvation
Sir Edmund Andros
English military man affiliation with Church of England laid heavy restrictons on the courts the press, and the schools, and revoked all land titles he tried to escape wearing women clothing when boston mob tries to catch him he was sent back to england
Jeannette Rankin
The first woman elected to congress. She was from Montana and voted against WWI as well as WWII.
Fertile Crescent
The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers gave life to the first known agricultural villages in this area about 10,000 years ago and the first known cities about 5,000 years ago.
Atlantic System
The network of trading links after 1500 that moved goods, wealth, people, and cultures around the Atlantic Ocean basin. (p. 497)
Victorian Age
Reign of Queen Victoria of Great Britain (1837-1901). The term is also used to describe late-nineteenth-century society, with its rigid moral standards and sharply differentiated roles for men and women and for middle-class and working-class people
External taxes
Taxes arose out of activities that originated outside of the colonies, such as cusotms duties. The Sugar Act was considered an external tax, because it only operated on goods imported into the colonies from overseas. Many colonists who objected to Parliament's "internal" taxes on the colonies felt that Parliament had the authority to levy external taxes on imported goods.
Hunting and gathering
Moving around (following herds) and gathering wild food.
Young Plan
A program for settlement of German reparations debts after World War I written in 1929 and formally adopted in 1930. After the Dawes Plan was put into operation (1924), it became apparent that Germany could not meet the huge annual payments, especially over an indefinite period of time. The Young Plan reduced further payments to $8 billion in 1929 over a period of 59 years (1988). In addition, the Young Plan divided the annual payment, US $473 million, into two components, one unconditional part equal to one third of the sum and a postponable part for the remaining two-thirds.
nationalism
a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
1257. Montevideo Conference
The first of several Pan-America conferences held during the period between World War I and World War II concerning mutual defense and corporate between the countries of Latin America. The U.S. renounced the right to intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries.
Nicholas Biddle
nicknamed "Czar Nicholas I," he was president of the Bank of the United States. He was known for his massive loans as bribes ("Emperor Nick of the Bribery Bank"). Jackson wanted to weaken the Bank and Biddle, so he gradually stopped making deposits, instead stowing his money in his "pet banks." Jackson destroyed the Bank in 1832.
Radical Whigs
A group of British that attacked governmental corruption in Great Britain.
Panama Canal
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States Army engineers; opened in 1915, greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America, turned over to Panama in 2000
Era of Warring States
(402-201 BCE); regional rulers made their own armies and fought for control; during this time Zhou Dynasty died;, 441-221 B.C.E. Feudal lords fight amongst each other for territory and power. Ethics of war are broken and new rules are less-gentlemen like.
1409. Philip Randolph
President of the Brotherhood of Car Porters and a Black labor leader, in 1941 he arranged a march on Washington to end racial discrimination.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A member of the women's right's movement in 1840. She was a mother of seven, and she shocked other feminists by advocating suffrage for women at the first Women's Right's Convention in Seneca, New York 1848. Stanton read a "Declaration of Sentiments" which declared "all men and women are created equal."
VP Spiro Agnew
Was forced to resign in disgrace because a grand jury found out that he had taken bribes from contractors who did business with the state while he was governor of Maryland. He continued to receive payments while he was vice president.
The Gilded Age
A time of substantial growth in population in the United States and extravagant displays of wealth and excess of America's upper-class during the post-Civil War and post-Reconstruction era, in the late 19th century (1865-1901).
Oregon Treaty
B/w US and Britain in 1846. Allowed the US to peacefully acquire what is now Oregon, Washington, and parts of Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana. Established the current northern border of the region.
after the seventh century, what group posed the greatest threat to the eastern frontiers of the Byzantine Empire
the Arab Muslims
Massachusetts Circular Letter
A letter written in Boston and circulated through the colonies in February, 1768, which urged the colonies not to import goods taxed by the Townshend Acts. Boston, New York, and Philadelphia agreed to non-importation. It was followed by the Virginia Circular Letter in May, 1768. Parliament ordered all colonial legislatures which did not rescind the circular letters dissolved.
After the collapse of the western half of the roman empire, imperial authority survived for another thousand years in the
Byzantine Empire
The rough riders were
involved in bold, reckless charges during the fighting in cuba
1108. Reparations
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.
Zebulon M. Pike
A pioneer who explored the Louisiana territory between 1805 - 1807. He explored Colorado, New Mexico, & Mississippi. He was a leader of the new land. He has set up the portal to allow ppeople to migrate toward west.(A paragon - First example to move into the Louisiana territory) P.188
prophet
a person who speaks for God or a deity, or by divine inspiration.
What was the US foreign policy in Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua?
Wanted democratic governments
William H. Harrison
9th president of the US and military officer. Led the Battle of Tippecanoe and also the Battle of the Thames.
National Security Act
1947; changed War Dept -> Dept of Defense; single budget for Dept of Defense; created NSA and CIA
Indian Ocean Maritime System
In premodern times, a network of seaports, trade routes, and maritime culture linking countries on the rim of the Indian Ocean from Africa to Indonesia. (p. 207)
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
Ended Mexican War - US received Texas (with Rio Grande border) and other states - US paid Mexico $15 million dollars
Frederick Winslow Taylor
- US engineer who aught to improve industrial efficiency - "The Father of Scientfic Management" - leader of the "Efficency Movement"
166. Paul Revere, William Dawes
They rode through the countryside warning local militias of the approach of the British troops prior to the Battles of Lexington and Concord, although Revere was detained by the British shortly after setting out, and never completed his portion of the planned ride. Thanks to the advance warning, the militias were able to take the British by surprise.
Calvin Coolidge's Party
VP - Charles G. Dawes SS - Frank Kellogg
91. Bill of Rights, 1689
Drawn up by Parliament and presented to King William II and Queen Mary, it listed certain rights of the British people. It also limited the king's powers in taxing and prohibitted the maintenance of a standing army in peacetime.
Cactus Hill, Virginia
A place where there was signs of human life there about 15,000 years ago.
209. Constitution - Seniority
Part of the committee system. A member of Congress in a committee moves up in rank in that committee as long as he is reelected.
What was the Wilmot Proviso?
the proposition to prohibit slavery in any new territories
in 1824 election, adams= , calhoun= , and jackson=
new england, south, and west
1824 russi american treaty
russia agreed to sign it to give up their enemies to the oregon territory
Blacks in the South relied on the Union League to
educate them on their civil rights
The Era of Good Feelings
This was an era in which there was no partisan fighting between people since only one party existed.Monroe's presidency
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