AP World History Vocabulary D-H Flashcards

Terms Definitions
mawali
muslim converts
tribes
separate family groups
United
Nations International organization formed in the aftermath of World War II; included all of the victorious Allies; its primary mission was to provide a forum for negotiating disputes.
Feudalism
Military relationships in Western Europe
coolies
indentured servants whose condition was close to slavery
The Hermitage
Jackson's home in Tenn.
Twenty-First Amendment
The repeal of Prohibition
Clan
or lineage, extended kinship unit consisting of dozens or hundreds of joint and nuclear families linked together by a clan council of elders
John Locke
English political philosopher who wrote Second Treatise of Civil Government in 1690, which disputed monarchial claims to absolute authority by divine right. He said that rulers derived their authority from the consent of the governed and were subject to the law. It was citizen's right and duty to rebel if a monarch overstepped the law.
Ulama
Orthodox religious group that was hostile to non-Islamic ideads and scientific thinking; Crusadedes promoted this belief
Delome Letter
private letter denouncing President McKinley's tactics, cause of Spanish American War
Symbolist
In literature, Symbolism was an aesthetic movement that encouraged writers to express their ideas, feelings, and values by means of symbols or suggestions rather than by direct statements. Symbolist writers, in reaction to earlier 19th-century trends (the romanticism of novelists such as Victor Hugo, the realism and naturalism of Gustave Flaubert and Émile Zola), proclaimed that the imagination was the true interpreter of reality.
Juan Peron
President of Argentina (1946-1955, 1973-1974). As a military officer, he championed the rights of labor. Aided by his wife Eva Duarte Per?n, he was elected president in 1946. He built up Argentinean industry, became very popular among the urban poor. (823
Malacca
Portugese factory or fortified trade town on Malayan peninsula in southern Asia
Technocrat
New type of bureaucrat; intensely trained in engineering or economics and devoted to the power of national planning; came to fore in offices of governments following World War II.
Quakers of PA pledge against slavery
1668
Shiva
Hindu, god of destruction and reproduction; worshipped as the personification of cosmic forces of change
Pericles
the ruler who established democracy in Athens
guild
In medieval Europe, an association of men (rarely women), such as merchants, artisans, or professors, who worked in a particular trade and banded together to promote their economic and political interests. (403)
Parochial
Concerning a relgious parish or small district.
irreconcilables
During World War I, senators William Borah of Idaho and Hiram Johnson of California, led a group of people who were against the United States joining the League of Nations. Also known as "the Battalion of Death". They were extreme isolationists and were totally against the U.S. joining the League of Nations.
Galleons
Large, heavily armed ships used to carry silver from New World colonies to Spain; basis for convoy system utilized by Spain for transportation of bullion.
Melting Pot
Popular American term for an ethnically diverse population that is presumed to be "melting" toward some common homogenous national identity
Rough Riders
led by Colonel Teddy Roosevelt; engaged in a bold charge up Kettle Hill directly into the face of Spanish guns. This unit was usually at the center of battles.
Akbar
Most illustrious sultan of the Mughal Empire in India (r. 1556-1605). He expanded the empire and pursued a policy of conciliation with Hindus.
Hammurabi
Amorite ruler of Babylon (r. 1792-1750 B.C.E.). He conquered many city-states in southern and northern Mesopotamia and is best known for a code of laws, inscribed on a black stone pillar, illustrating the principles to be used in legal cases. (p. 34)
malcom x
an african-american man who converted to the Nation of Islam. Urged Blacks to seize their freedom by any means necessary; "Black Power"
bankers
New class of people who provided financial services
Mero?
Capital of a flourishing kingdom in southern Nubia from the fourth century B.C.E. to the fourth century C.E. In this period Nubian culture shows more independence from Egypt and the influence of sub-Saharan Africa. (p. 71)
Counterculture
A sociological term used to describe the values and norms of behavior of a cultural group, or subculture, that run counter to those of the social mainstream of the day, the cultural equivalent of political opposition. Counterculture can also be described as deviating away from the norm of society, or what is perceived to be normal.
Nullification Crisis
Southerners favored freedom of trade and believed in the authority of states over the federal government. Southerners declared federal protective tariffs null and void.
Small-State Plan
Wanted equal representation in a unicameral congress.
Carolina
Colony (ultimately split in two) used as outpost for West Indies trade. Where American slavery is said to have started.
Rajputs
Members of a mainly Hindu warrior caste from northwest India. The Mughal emperors drew most of their Hindu officials from this caste, and Akbar I married a Rajput princess. (p. 537)
Second Great Awakening
A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Methodism and Baptism. Stressed a religious philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance for all Protestant sects. The revivals attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans.
black death
plague that struck europe during the dark ages that significantly reduced its population and affected its social structure
Fief
In medieval Europe, a grant of land given in exchange for military or other services
Saga
A lengthy story or poem recounting the great deeds and adventures of a people and their heros
Jesus
A Jew from Galilee in northern Israel who sought to reform Jewish beliefs and practices. He was executed as a revolutionary by the Romans. (155)
The major campaign issue of the 1888 presidential election was...
a. civil service reform
b. the big trust question
c. the currency issue
d. foreign policy
e. tariff policy
e
wind wheels
weapons wielded as a pair, associated with Chinese martial arts such as Baguazhang and Tai Chi Chuan.
Marshall Plan
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of western Europe after World War 2. 1961- over $20 billion in economic aid had been dispersed.
Gaspee Affair
Rhode Island colonists boarded the HMS Gaspee, a British ship, looted it, then burned and sank it in 1772.
Timur
Member of a prominent family of the Mongols' Jagadai Khanate, Timur through conquest gained control over much of Central Asia and Iran. He consolidated the status of Sunni Islam as orthodox, and his descendants, the Timurids, maintained his empire. (336)
Andrew Jackson
commander of the troops in Georgia defeated the Creek indians in the battle of Horseshoe bend
Mayflower Compact
The document that created a "civil body polotic" and a measure of self government among the Pilgrims.
Hieroglyphics
one of the earliest forms of writing featuring picture symbols standing for words, syllables, or individual sounds
Bill of Rights 1789
James Madison established. Necessary for some states to ratify constitution
African Slaves
From 1500-1800 the largest number of migrants were these people
 
 
 
 
316. Barbary pirates
 
 
The name given to several renegade countries on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa who demanded tribute in exchange for refraining from attacking ships in the Mediterranean. From 1795-1801, the U.S. paid the Barbary states for protection against the pirates. Jefferson stopped paying the tribute, and the U.S. fought the Barbary Wars (1801-1805) against the countries of Tripoli and Algeria. The war was inconclusive and the U.S. went back to paying the tribute.
Antoine Cadillac
Person who founded Detroit, "City of straits"
regime
a mode or system of rule or government:
preventive intervention
This policy, a devious part of the Roosevelt Corollary of the Monroe Doctrine, was implemented after Germans attacked Venezuela in order to coerce them into paying debts.
freedmen's bureau
Organization run by the army to care for and protect southern Blacks after the Civil War
858. Joseph Pullitzer
A muckraker who designed the modern newspaper format (factual articles in one section, editorial and opinion articles in another section).
William H. McGuffey
created the nations first and most widely used series of textbooks
Judiciary Act 1789
(GW) Created the federal court system, allowed president to create federal courts and to appoint judges
Keynesian economics
Theory based on the principles of John Maynard Keynes, stating that government spending should increase during business slumps and be curbed during booms.
Welfare Reform Act, 1996
This law changes how governmental financial assistance is administered including: changing federal funding to states from an open-ended entitlement to a series of capped block grant allocations
new deal acts
economic and social reforms during the depression: Tennessee Vally Act (set up tenessee valley authority to help rebuild the region), Social Security Act, Emergency Banking Act (Govt insures peoples cash), Natl. Industrial Recovery Act( Public works, labour laws)
Glorious Revolution in England
This revolution is called 'Glorious' because it achieved its objective without any bloodshed. James II came to the throne of England in 1685, after Charles II his brother died. He desired to rule despotically and to re-establish the Roman Catholic religion in England. The common people did not like this. They rose in revolt.
John Humphrey Noyes
Was an American utopian socialist. He founded the Oneida Community in 1848
William Bradford
A Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony, 1621-1657. He developed private land ownership and helped colonists get out of debt. He helped the colony survive droughts, crop failures, and Indian attacks.
709. Greenbacks
Name given to paper money issued by the government during the Civil War, so called because the back side was printed with green ink. They were not redeemable for gold, but $300 million were issued anyway. Farmers hit by the depression wanted to inflate the notes to cover losses, but Grant vetoed an inflation bill and greenbacks were added to permanent circulation. In 1879 the federal government finally made greenbacks redeemable for gold.
REVERSE DISCRIMINATION
when whites thought that they were now being the ones treated unequally
Warriors, priests, peasants
What were the 3 social classes in ancient Iran?
Marbury vs. Madison
1803 case in which the Supreme Court ruled that it had the power to abolish laws by delcaring them unconstitutional
McCullough v Maryland
Supreme Court case in which it ruled that states could not tax federal institutions such as the Second Bank of the United States
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Congress defined the steps for the creation and admission of new states. It forbade slavery, as soon as 5 thousand male adults lived in a territory, the people could write a temporary constitution and elect a legislature that would pass the territories laws. When the total population reached 60,000 the settlers could write a constituiton which Congress would have to approve before granting statehood
Lincoln Douglas Debates
., During the race to become Senator Lincoln asked to have multiple debates with Douglas. Certain topics of these debates were slavery, how to deal with slavery, and where slavery should be allowed. Although Lincoln lost the election to Douglas, he emerged as the leader of ther republican party
Church of England
Protestant church led by the king of England, independent of Catholic Church; tended toward Catholicism during reign of Catholic royalty
44. Pennsylvania, William Penn
1681- William Penn received a land grant from King Charles II, and used it to form a colony that would provide a haven for Quakers. His colony, Pennsylvania, allowed religious freedom.
When did the united states enter the war?
april 2, 1917
Explain the Congress of Vienna.
Louis XVIII was put back on throne
"The Great Arsenal of Democracy"
FDR referring to rapid conversion of Detroit factories from consumer goods to war products
Line of Demarcation
Portugal - east of line, Spain - west of line; S. America/Atlantic Ocean; 1494; Brazil = Portuguese lang.
1400. Interstate Highways Act
1944 - Began federal funding for an interstate highway system.
Explain how the Dutch commercial strategy within the Asian trade network differed from that of the Portuguese.
Had more numerous, better armed ships and went about the business of monopoly control in a more systematic control. Wiped out island people who cultivated the spices.
Fugitive Slave Act 1793
Made it a federal crime to assist an escaping slave, and established the legal mechanism in which a slave could be legally returned to their owners.
Emergency Banking Relief Act
March 6, 1933 - FDR ordered a bank holiday. Many banks were failing because they had too little capital, made too many planning errors, and had poor management. The Emergency Banking Relief Act provided for government inspection, which restored public confidence in the banks. It gave the president power to regulate banking transactions and foreign exchange and to reopen solvent banks.
644. Republican legislation passed in Congress after Southerners left: banking, tariff, homestead, transcontinental railroad
With no Southerners to vote them down, the Northern Congressman passed all the bills they wanted to. Led to the industrial revolution in America.
How were men able to avoid the draft?
they could trade in twenty slaves instead of their own service, or they could hire a subsitute for roughly $300 in gold
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