SAT Vocabulary Lesson 6 Flashcards

vocabulary
Terms Definitions
accolade
praise
economical
affordable
risky
precarious
twisted
convoluted
Morose
Gloomy
amass
collect
procure
obtain
eradicate
erase
Prolix
wordy, long-winded
depravity
moral corruption
ardent
passionate; fervent
allegory
symbolic representation
Mandate
Noun; order
Dolt
Stupid person
arbitrary
randomly chosen
elegy
mournful poem
disparage
v. belittle
baneful
destructive; pernicious:
ascetic
hermit-like, self-denial, austere
Blight
Intense, withering heat
acumen
sharpness of insight
deceive
to lie, trick
introspect
To look into.
Antagonist
foe, opponent, adversary
languid
sluggish from fatigue
Sobriquet
(n.) a nickname.
conflagaration
n. great fire.
derision
ridicule or mockery
amity
friendship; peaceful harmony.
paucity
smallness in number; scarcity
Deplore
express strong disapproval of
incumbent
imposed as a duty
opulence
extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance
lucid
clear and easily understood
iconoclast
goes against traditional values
abandon
total lack of inhibition
calculated
adj. deliberately planned; likely.
coin
to make; invent; fabricate:
Pugnacity
combativeness; disposition to fight
absolve
to free from responsibility
Svelte
Slender and graceful in outline
rebuttal
denial or contradiction argument refutation
cacophony
(n.) tremendous noise, disharmonious sound (The elementary school orchestra created a cacophony at the recital
florid
gaudy, extremely ornate, ruddy, flushed
rhetoric
impressive sounding but sometimes empty
Obstinate
stubborn, unyielding in argument, inflexible
significant, conspicuous, standing out from the rest
palliate
austerity
n. sternness; severity; strict economy; lack of luxuries.
The bishops charged with conducting the heresy inquiry were a solemn, somewhat forbidding group; their demeanor reflected their austerity.
attentive
adj. considerate; thoughtful; paying attention.
alacrity
cheerful readiness, promptness, or willingness:
witticism
a witty remark or sentence.
insipid
without distinctive, interesting, or stimulating qualities; vapid or bland
antithetical
directly opposed or contrasted; opposite.
misnomer
n. wrong name; incorrect designation
virulent
actively poisonous; intensely noxious; violently or spitefully hostile
fastidious
excessively particular, critical, or demanding; hard to please; painstaking
transfiguration
a change in form or apperance
upbraid
v. To reproach as deserving blame.
Futile
incapable of producing any result; ineffective; useless; not successful.
ominous
Giving the impression that something bad or unpleasant is going to happen
Qualm
A pang of conscience, uneasiness, misgiving, or doubt; a feeling of faintness or nausea
accustom
v. To make familiar by use.
Flippancy
treating a serious situation with disrespect
detached
adj. emotionally removed; calm and objective; indifferent.
certitude
n. certainty.
Though there was no certitude of his getting the job, Lou thought he had a good chance of doing so.
equitable
characterized by equity or fairness; just and right; fair; reasonable:
tenacious
holding fast; characterized by keeping a firm hold (often fol. by of):
idiosyncrasy
a characteristic, habit, mannerism, or the like, that is peculiar to an individual.
heretic
a professed believer who maintains religious opinions contrary to those accepted by his or her church or rejects doctrines prescribed by that church.
sage
a profoundly wise person; someone venerated for the possession of wisdom, judgment, and experience
liquidate
to settle or pay (a debt):
conventional
conforming or adhering to accepted standards, as of conduct or taste:
illicit
not legally permitted or authorized; unlicensed; unlawful.
fortuitous
happening or produced by chance; accidental; lucky or fortunate
ebullience
high spirits; exhilaration; a boiling over; overflow
lavish
expended, bestowed, or occurring in profusion:
agrarian
relating to farming or rural matters
buffoon
person who amuses others by tricks, jokes.
vivisection
n. The dissection of a living animal.
ablution
a cleansing with water or other liquid, religious ritual water
finesse
Subtle contrivance used to gain a point.
pretentious
being self important, thinking you are better than others
stupor
(n) daze , insensible condition --- trạng thái sững sờ
ambivalence
n. the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes.
ameliorate
to make or become better, more bearable, or more satisfactory; improve; meliorate.
cogent
convincing or believable by virtue of forcible, clear, or incisive presentation; telling.
obstinacy
the quality or state of being obstinate; stubbornness.
cajole
to persuade by flattery or promises; wheedle; coax.
quaff
to drink a beverage, esp. an intoxicating one, copiously and with hearty enjoyment.
perfunctory
performed merely as a routine duty; hasty and superficial:
fetish
object with magical power; object that receives respect or devotion
artifice
a clever trick or stratagem; a cunning, crafty device; trickery or guile; a skillful or artful contrivance
impetuous
characterized by sudden or rash action or emotion; impulsive
acrid
bitter to the taste or smell; sarcastic
spurious
not genuine, authentic, or true; not from the claimed, pretended, or proper source; of illegitimate birth, a bastard
Anachronistic
Belonging to another time; an event or detail that is inappropriate for the time period
susceptible
adj. Easily under a specified power or influence.
impugn
to call and to question and attack verbally
Burnish
(V)- to polish; to make smooth and bright
Munificent
Very generous or lavish. The root of the word lies in munificus, Latin for bountiful or generous.
belabor
to explain, worry about, or work at (something) repeatedly or more than is necessary:
unify
to make or become a single unit; unite:
acerbic
sour or astringent in taste; a harsh or severe temper
paradigm
a set of forms which contain a particular element; an example serving as a model or pattern
respite
a delay for a time, especially of anything distressing or trying; temporary suspension of the execution of a person condemned to death; reprieve
manifest
readily perceived by the eye or the understanding; evident, obvious or apparent
allocate
to set apart for a particular purpose; assign or allot:
drone
to talk on and on in a dull way
oscillate
(v.) to sway from one side to the other (My uncle oscillated between buying a station wagon to transport his family and buying a sports car to satisfy his boyhood fantasies.)
aggregation
a group or mass of distinct or varied things, persons, etc.:
emulate
to try to equal or excel, imitate with effort to equal or surpass
abridgment
n. A condensed form as of a book or play.
hackneyed
overused
inadvertent
unintentional
Solicitous
anxious
somnolent
Sleepy.
Cosmopolitan
worldly
egregious
blatant
articulate
precisely defined
circutous
round about
curtail
cut short
rancorous
bitter, hateful
discrepancy
inconsistency; difference
willful
intentional, headstrong
capricious
unpredictable, fickle
alias
assumed name
contentious
adj. quarrelsome.
gaudy
flashy; showy
Nadir
the lowest point
tenacity
persistence or determination
Abstruse
hard to comprehend
vigilant
very alert, watchful
agressive and antagonistic
polemical
sundry
of various kinds
jaded
worn out; wearied
dismantle
v. take apart.
plethora
overabundance and excess
abeyance
a temporary postponement
vapid
flat; stale ;insipid; spiritless
deference
a show of respect
stereotype
conventional custom, unvarying pattern
inevitable
unavoidable, certain to happen
acidulous
slightly sour; sharp, caustic
cosmopolitanism
n. A cosmopolitan character.
ostensible
apparent; showing outwardly; professed
banal
adj. hackneyed; commonplace; trite.
Was it Pendleton's stale plot or his cliche-ridden dialogue that madr his play seem so banal?
n. banality
subjection
the act of subjecting.
abide
to remain; continue; stay:
pauper
and extremely poor individual
vilify
(v) defame; attack someone's reputation
vibrant
(adj) lively; full of vitality
capricious; mercurial
very changeable; fickle; constantly
aspirant
seeker after position or status
unbridled
adj; not restrained or controlled
Overt
open to view; not concealed
elaborate
(adj.) complex, detailed, intricate (Dan always beats me at chess because he develops such an elaborate game plan that I can never predict his next move.)
antagonistic
adj. hostile; opposed.
Despite his lawyers' best efforts to stop him, the angry prisoner continued to make antagonistic remarks to the judge.
n. antangonism
criterion
n. standard used in judging.
nefarious
extremely wicked or villainous; iniquitous:
insolence
contemptuously rude or impertinent behavior or speech.
omniscient
having complete or unlimited knowledge, awareness, or understanding; perceiving all things.
unremitting
not slackening or abating; incessant:
prolific
producing offspring abundantly; highly fruitful; producing in large quantities or with great frequency
cogitate
to think hard; ponder; meditate
fulsome
abundant; flattering in an insincere way
emaciate
v. To waste away in flesh.
abridge
v. to cut down, shorten
adj. shortened
condescending
treating people as weak or inferior
savory
pleasing to the sense of taste
Complement
something that makes complete or perfect
officious
(adj.) offering one’s services when they are neither wanted nor needed (Brenda resented Allan’s officious behavior when he selected colors that might best improve her artwork.)
deprecate
v. express disapproval of; protest against; belittle.
doctrine
n. teachings in general; particular principlea taught.
conflate
to fuse into one entity; merge:
pestilence
a deadly or virulent epidemic disease.
debacle
a general breakup or dispersion; sudden downfall or rout; a complete collapse or failure
ethereal
light, airy, or tenuous; extremely delicate or refined; heavenly, celestial or pertaining to the upper regions of space
caustic
capable of burning, corroding, or destroying living tissue; severely critical or sarcastic
battery
a device for producing electrolysis, consisting essentially of the electrolyte, its container, and the electrodes.
erudition
knowledge acquired by study, research, etc.; learning; scholarship.
sagacious
having acute mental discernment and keen practical sense
diffident
lacking confidence in one's own ability, worth, or fitness; restrained or reserved in manner or conduct
adversity
a condition marked by misfortune, calamity, or distress; unfortunate event or circumstance
venerable
commanding respect because of great age or impressive dignity; worthy of veneration or reverence
hypothetical
assumed by hypothesis; pertaining to or involving a proposition that is conditional upon certain facts
pristine
remaining in a pure state; uncorrupted by civilization
efficient
adj. Having and exercising the power to produce effects or results.
flinch
to crouch one's body from fear, cold
militant
Of a warlike or combative disposition or tendency.
Kudos
n. honor; glory; acclaim: He received kudos from everyone on his performance.
aberration
(n.) something that differs from the norm (In 1918, the Boston Red Sox won the World Series, but the success turned out to be an aberration, and the Red Sox have not won a World Series since
apathetic
having or showing little or no emotion:
deter
to discourage or restrain from acting or proceeding:
divination
the practice of attempting to foretell future events or discover hidden knowledge by occult or supernatural means.
exotic
of foreign origin or character; not native; introduced from abroad, but not fully naturalized or acclimatized:
egotistical
given to talking about oneself; vain; boastful; opinionated.
solicit
to seek for (something) by entreaty, earnest or respectful request, formal application, etc.:
concede
to acknowledge as true, just, or proper; admit:
contrite
caused by or showing sincere remorse; filled with a sense of guilt and the desire for atonement
adjure
to charge, bind, or command earnestly and solemnly, often under oath or the threat of a penalty; to entreat or request earnestly or solemnly
digression
a passage or section that deviates from the central theme in speech or writing
serpentine
of, characteristic of, or resembling a serpent, as in form or movement.
abrogate
to abolish by formal or official means; annul by an authoritative act; repeal:
n vacillate
waver (in opinion); fluctuate; sway to and fro; N. vacillation
Portend
to serve as an omen or warning of
interpose v
To come between other things or persons.
WRATH
anger (if you angered Zeus, you would feel his wrath)
parochial
very limited or narrow in scope or outlook; provincial:
negligence
the quality, fact, or result of being negligent; neglect:
raze
to tear down; demolish; level to the ground; to shave or scrape off
dirge
a funeral song or tune, or one expressing mourning in commemoration of the dead.
clairvoyant
having or claiming to have the power of seeing objects or actions beyond the range of natural vision.
aesthetic
a philosophical theory or idea of what is sensorily valid at a given time and place; the study of the nature of sensation
assuage
to make less severe or relieve, ease; mitigate; to appease; satisfy, allay, or relieve; to soothe, calm, or mollify
judicious
using or showing judgment as to action or practical expediency; discreet, prudent, or politic
occlude
v. To absorb, as a gas by a metal.
dupe
to deceive or a person who is easily deceived
obstruct
to block or close up with an obstacle; make difficult to pass:
folio
n. A sheet of paper folded once, or of a size adapted to folding once.
/ 219
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online