A through B AP English Lit Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
formalist strategies/criticism
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anecdote
a short narrative
motivation
the reasons, justifications, explanations for a character's actions
allegory
story with symbolic elements
Mood/atmosphere
Emotional aura invoked by work
euphony
any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds
accent
stressed portion of a word
trope
artful diction; figure of speech
EX: Southern dialect: What ya'll fixin' to do tonight?
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Clerihew
Humorous, closed-form poem in four lines, rhyming a-a-b-b, usually about a real or literary person
editorializing
Writing that departs from the narrative or dramatic mode and instructs the reader how to think or feel about the events of a story or the behavior of a character
envoy
a brief stanza concluding certain forms of poetry
understatement
opposite of exaggeration; used to develop irony and humor
analogy
comparison involving two or more parts
Alliteration
repetition of initial sounds. I.e. 'wild and woolly'
Farce
A type of Comedy characterized by broad humor, outlandish incidents, and often vulgar subject matter. Much of the "comedy" in film and television could more accurately be described as farce.
misnomer
a name wrongly or unsuitably applied to a person, place or thing. An error in naming a person or place
Amphibrach
Three syllable poetic foot with a light, heavy, light stress
free verse
verse without a fixed metrical pattern, usually having unrhymed lines of varying length (a.k.a., vers libre)
atmosphere
the emotional mood created by the entiriety of a literary work, established by the setting or by the author's choice of objects that are described
synthesis
locating a number of sources and integrating them into the development and support of a writer's thesis/claim
modifier
a word, phrase, or clause that qualifies or modifies another word, phrase, or clause
premise: major, minor
two parts of a syllogism
Colloquial
The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing. Not generally acceptable for formal writing, colloquialisms give the work a conversational, familiar tone. Colloquial expressions in writing include local or regional dialects.
Soliloquy
in drama, a character speaks alone on stage to allow his/her thoughts and ideas to be conveyed to the audience
Romantic Era
The Period of English Literature from 1798 to 1838 characterized by an adoration of nature, the individual, childhood, and the common man
oxymoron
a figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms
conflict
opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot)
found poem
An unintentional poem discovered in a nonpoetic context, such as a conversation, news story, or advertisement. These serve as reminders that everyday language often contains what can be considered poetry, or that poetry is definable as any text read as a poem.
argument
a single assertion or a series of assertion presented or defended by the writer
allusion
a reference to another work or famous figure
syllogism
a form of deductive reasoning in which the conclusion is supported by a major and minor premise
Apostrophe
A figure of speech that addresses a person who is deceased or not there. Crazy talk. Talking to something that's not there
Consonance
words within a line of poetry have the same consonant sound, as with "stuff" and "off."
stream of consciousness
the continuous flow of ideas and feelings that constitute an individual's conscious experience
foot
a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm
Hyperbole
figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or for humorous effect; ex. "I am so hungry I could eat a horse"
pun
a form of word play which suggests two or more meanings
Dramatic Monologue
A poem in which the speaker is giving a first person speech to an unseen audience in an important moment in the speaker's life
archaic diction
the use of words common to an earlier time period; antiquated language
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