section vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
many rings
photosystem II
Division of Cytoplasm
plasma membrane
cell membrane.
four types of membranes?
accumulation of heritable changes
protists with two nuclei
observations and measurements recorded during an experiment.qualitative - wordsquantitative - numbers
XYY Syndrome
learning disabilitiesnormal sexual development motor development delaysrandomunpredictableaggression
-lower arm bone
-on thumb side
Blastopore associated with the anus
What is final electron acceptor?
minute hairlike organelles, identical in structure to flagella, that line the surfaces of certain cells and beat in rhythmic waves, providing locomotion to ciliate protozoans and moving liquids along internal epithelial tissue in animals.
Nastic movements of climbing plants looking for structure to bond to. When they attach to structure it is called Thighmotropism
respiratory organs which allows air and food passage
What does K represent?
The carrying capacity
class turbellaria
planarians and otehr marine flatworms
gives flexible support to immature regions of plants
Who established the system of scientific nomenclature?
RNA polymerase
enzyme that catalyzes RNA synthesis
What is encephalitis?
inflammation of the brain
To test for truth or accuracy
endomembrane system
Endoplasmic reticulum plus Golgi apparatus; also lysosomes, when present. A system of membranes that exchange material with one another.
A light-sensitive region in certain protozoa
interference competition
fighting over reasources; starling vs. bluebird
Sexual Reproduction
Reproduction involving the fusion of haploid gametesfrom two different parents to produce a diploid zygote
The basic unit of structure and function of all living things
plankton vs neckton
passive drifters vs active swimmers
Irreversible Inhibition
Enzyme is permanently inactivated or destroyed; includes many drugs and toxins.
What kind of molecule does not contain  a carbon
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
cause unknown (maybe viral)sclerosis of spinal cord due to astrocyte failure to reabsorb glutamate neurotransmittermuscular weakness, difficulty speaking, swallowingsensory and intellectual functions remain unaffected
group of all plants with vascular tubes
The aftermath of a particular disease is called the
A rootlike structure that anchors a seaweed.
a cell’s swelling against its cell wall caused by the pressure of the cell’s contents; allows plants to hold their structure
sexual dimorphism:
ex. humans lions and angler fish
Homeostasis is
Sweating to decrease your body's temperature after playing in the sun for the afternoon.
Members of the kingdom - are multicellular organisms that are photosynthetic autotrophs
the stage in mitosis or meiosis following metaphase in which the daughter chromosomes move away from each other to opposite ends of the cell.
any modern theory of evolution holding that species evolve by natural selection acting on genetic variation
Allosteric Protein
a protein with two alternative shapes, active an inactive, the protein becomes active only when a molecule binds to it
the act of eating food or drinking; the first stage of food processing
recombinant DNA
DNA created by fusing sequences from different species
spontaneous generation
when living things arise from the nonliving
male gametangia which are the site of sperm production and release.
Composed of 1 glycerol and 3 fatty acid chains.
Emergent Properties
Are due to the arrangement and interactions of parts as complexity increases
toward the side from an imaginary line that divides the body into halves
Exotoxins are -soluble proteins released by living bacteria. -Are highly toxic and often fatal.Exotoxin-induced diseases include tetanus (Clostridium tetani)botulism (Clostridium botulinum)cholera (Vibrio cholerae) plague (Yersinia pestis)anthrax (three exotoxins produced by Bacillus anthracis).
frequency-dependent selection
provides prey with ability to avoid being hunted, but predators also adapt
Prophase I
1st step in meiosis: nuclear division occurs between homologous chromos, synapsis occurs to form bivalents, chromos condense and are ready for step 2
What are bundles of nerve cell bodies in the CNS called?
Biological clocks
For example: rodents are more active at night--freerunning=start active stuff at night, but get up early each day--drift=change in pattern, once light turns off after hour start active: change daily. Drift is related to the tides of water. Typical for older people to take short, little naps instead of sleeping longer. Insomia is common but can be really bad if not treated.
any of a class of organic compounds that are polyhydroxy aldehydes or polyhydroxy ketones, or change to such substances on simple chemical transformations, as hydrolysis, oxidation, or reduction, and that form the supporting tissues of plants and are impo
salt water
71 % of the earth surface has this
Broad Spectrum Antibiotics
An antibiotic with effects against a wide range of disease-causing bacterium.
produce variation in gene pool
mutation, crossing over, sexual repro.
Incomplete Cleavage
The large volume of yolk restricts the early cuts to a small, caplike region near the animal pole.
22.9. We now sure that ___________is the cause of AIDS.A) the “gay lifestyle”B) heredityC) the HIV virusD) a nutrient deficiencyE) all of the above
the HIV virus
epidermal cell
cell that makes up the dermal tissue, which is the outer covering of a plant
What are ways of preventing aids?
Use condoms
Sterile needles
Health care workers use universal precautions
What are populations?
same species living in the same area
What is the name of the type of vascular tissue that conducts water and minerals, usually from roots to the shoot of plant?
One treatment for diabetes (action)
Injecting insulin into the blood before meals. The extra insulin causes glucose to be taken up by the liver and other tissues. Cells get the glucose they need for respiration, and the blood glucose concentration stays normal.
relative age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
_ ( ) fasten cells together into strong sheets
desmosomes (anchoring junctions)
Resolving power
the amount of power that you can see with a microscope
The RNA strand folds over to form what kind of structure?
Hairpin Structure
What are the Charateristics of Life?
1. R..
2. G.. & D..
3. O.. S..
4. R.. & A..
5. E...
1. Reproduce
2. Grow & Develop
3. Organized Structure
4. Respond & Adapt
5. Energy
Name the term: One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum traavels to the uterus.
fallopian tube
What is F+ factor?
F+ factor is a plasmid found in bacteria that allows it to extend a sex pilus to another bacterium and exchange information with it.
Is a virus considered alive
No, viruses sit on the fence between life and non-life.
What is Lamarck's theory of evolution?
Lamarck proposed that by selective use or disuse of organs, organisms acquired or lost certain traits during their lifetime. These traits could then be passed on to their offspring. Over time, this process led to change in a species.
Why does ice float in liquid water?-Ice always has air bubbles that keep it afloat-Hydrogen bonds stabilize and keep the molecules of ice farther apart than the water molecules of liquid water-The crystalline lattice of ice causes it to be denser than liq
Hydrogen bonds stabilize and keep the molecules of ice farther apart than the molecules of liquid water
Women have sex chromosomes of XX, and men have sex chromosomes of XY.Which of a man's grandparents could not be the source of any of the genes on his Y-chromosome?
Mother's Mother, Mother's Father, and Father's Mother.
If potassium were to react with chlorine, what type of bond would be formed? Why?
It would form an ionic bond since elements in columns 1, 2 and 7 tend to form ionic bonds by losing or ganing an electron. Opposite charges attract. Same formation as Sodium and Chlorine.
not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive
to clean
los pinchitos
sorry (informal)
government employee
Navy Blue
to train
get fired
to celebrate
el cuarto
un frère
a brother
un rhume
a cold
a religious leader
Empezar (E-Ie)
To begin
combining formman, male
experimenter bias
wording effects
la boucherie
the butcher shop
the study of fossils
los derechos humanos
human rights
patinar en monopatin
to skateboard
Oxidative Phosphorylation
Making ATP from ADP.
evolutionary trend which bilaterally symmetrical animals have sensory equipment at anterior end along with a brain
The current interglaciation period, extending from 10,000 years ago to the present on the geologic time scale.
ganar/perder las elecciones
to win/lose elections
Inexact numbers:
derived by measurement.All measurements have some degree of uncertainty or error associated with them.
dignified propriety of behavior, speech and dress; an observance or requirement of polite society
il maglione a collo alto
turtleneck sweater
heterozygote advantage
greater reproductive success of heterozygous individuals compared to homozygotes; tends to preserve variation in gene pools
Last Muslim strong hold
When it fell all of Muslim and Jews ordered to convert to Christian or leave Spain
in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material.
tener que
to have to (do something)
textual analysis
approach to understanding media performed by researchers who focus on a small number of texts or images using methods similar to those of literary critics
Business‐to‐business (B2B)
is businesses distributing, buying, selling, advertising, and marketing of goods or services over the Web to other businesses.
system of communication that combines sounds, symb
little magazines
industry term for literary magazines with small circulation
Je te conseille de
I advise you to...
competition, predation, herbivory, symbiosis, disease
types of community interactions
Interspecific competition
competition between any two species that need the same limited resource.
Near-Death Experience
an altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death; often similar to drug-induced hallucinations.
Fourteenth Amendment
"Protection against the violation of people's right to due process of the law and denial of the state's constituents to equal protection of the laws"
-Fundamental fairness: as long as state's conduct maintains basic standards of fairness, const. not violated.
-Due Process: states have to abide by specific provisions of BoR.  Through incorporation, warren court made 4,5,6, and 8 part of due process clause of this amendment.
-Criminal justice officials in federal, state, and local levels forced to respect const. rights of suspects/defendants.
Of the following, which is not associated with the very earliest phases of Chinese religion?



coquetón, coqueta
Mental representation of a group or category that shares similar characteristics.
road shows
arranged by investment bankers who travel around the country to publicize the imminent offering.
serving to settle or decide a question; decisive; convincing:
the movement of individuals out of a population
A closed meeting of party leaders to select party candidates
Askia Muhammad
Songhai's most famous ruler; a devout man who encouraged a revival of Muslim learning
Mental Retardation
a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and dicculty in adapting to the demands of life.
Contract Systems
private attorneys bid to represent all criminal defendants found indigent in return for a fixed payment
stage in life
membership in a specific age group
Babylonian Captivity
The period of jewish history between 586-573 BC during which the politcal and spiritual leaders of the kingdom of Judah were deported to babylon following the defeat of Judah by nebuchadnezzer
eyes close in response to light and noise
region of DNA that indicates to an enzyme where to
How much of the bible is the old testament
one who supports and helps pay for a project
Gender role
a set of expected behaviors for males or for females.
nonpartisan elections
the nominee's party is not listed on the ballot
steps in Mechanical Digestion
Mouth, stomach and intestines liquify it (peristalsis), adding and subtracting water
Negative feedback
Talks to the detector and turns off the correctional mechanism, takes to long we relay more on satiety signals -the property by which some of the output of a system feeds back to reduce the effect of input signals
mass media
any of the means of communication, as television or newspapers, that reach very large numbers of people.
Perceptual adaptation
in vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or even inverted visual field.
hydration (what should u drink)
	Drink 7-10 oz every 15 minutes
•	Consume 17-20 oz 1-2 hours pre-competition and 7-10 oz 10-20 minutes before competition
–	CHO drink with a 5-8% glucose polymer may be needed in activities longer than 45 minutes
•	Simple sugars retard gastric emptying •	Polymer solution has reduced affects of simple sugars
what is the benefit of ECN's
no broker-dealer system eliminates bid-ask spread. Also attractive for the speed at which they can be traded. Investors can remain anonymous
What are the major blood
vessels of the cardiovascular system? In what order does blood flow through
them? Which of them have smooth muscle tissue?
(heart)Arteries - has smooth muscle tissueArterioles - has smooth muscle tissueCapillariesVenulesVeins - has smooth muscle tissue(heart)
Adolescent Emotions across the Week
chart, goes up on Saturday and way down on Sunday, Friday is highest…emotional life is really connected to the struggles of our schedule.
sea floor spreading - where does it happen?
when two two plates seperate and magma leaks out and solidifies creating a new floor
keen insight; shrewdness:
puffed out; full:
a god or goddess.
the beginning of anything.
continuing without interruption; ceaseless or unending
without charge or payment; free:
constituting a beginning; giving origin to something derived or developed; original; elementary:
containing or resembling barm; frothy.
adverse in effect; unfavorable, harmful and unfriendly
a mythological monster, commonly represented with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tail; any horrible creature of the imagination
a schorlarly report on one subject
able to pay all just debts.
of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or in the style of the Middle Ages:
precise details; small or trifling matters:
a legendary animal combining features of animal and human form or having the forms of various animals in combination, as a centaur, griffin, or sphinx.
a recurring subject, theme, idea, etc., esp. in a literary, artistic, or musical work.
senseless, stupid, or exaggerated talk or writing; nonsense.
harshness or sharpness of tone, temper, or manner; severity; acrimony:
not permitting entrance; incapable of being injured, influenced or persuaded
to stimulate by an electric current
of keen penetration or discernment; clever or shrewd
abrupt in manner; blunt or rough
pertaining to shepherds or suggesting an idyllic rural life
lacking in vitality, imagination or distinction; commonplace or dull
a large group, multitude, number, etc.; a mass or crowd:
the art of fine hand writing, decorative handwriting.
to press together; force into less space.
a person, esp. a diplomatic agent, invested with full power or authority to transact business on behalf of another.
(esp. in the Arab countries) the market, esp. the traditional bazaar.
the chanting or uttering of words purporting to have magical power.
pertaining to or characterized by the flesh or the body, its passions and appetites; sensual:
a ludicrous descent from the exalted or lofty to the commonplace; anticlimax.
a group of unofficial or private advisers to a person of authority, esp. a group much given to intrigues and secret plots; cabal; clique.
to confuse, bewilder, or stupefy, to make obscure or unclear
a formal opinion or intention made after voting by a formal organization, a legislature or a club
convincing or believable by virtue of forcible, clear, or incisive presentation
continuing or enduring forever or an indefinitely long time
a position or situation from which there is no escape; deadlock
to die or be destroyed through violence, privation, etc.:
the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based; a model or first form; prototype.
a person who lives in seclusion or apart from society, often for religious meditation.
to attract and hold the attention or interest of, as by beauty or excellence; enchant:
the smaller part or number; a number, part, or amount forming less than half of the whole.
the forepart of a ship or boat; bow.
the belief that the soul, upon death of the body, comes back to earth in another body or form.
an ill-bred man, esp. one who behaves in a dishonorable or irresponsible way toward women.
to enlarge or finish; to make more acute or effective
a means of connection; the core or center, as of a matter or situation
weariness of body or mind from strain; a condition of indolent indifference
a person, esp. an orator or political leader, who gains power and popularity by arousing the emotions, passions, and prejudices of the people.
of or pertaining to a god, esp. the Supreme Being.
the coat of wool that covers a sheep or a similar animal.
to prove to be false or erroneous, as an opinion or charge
a device for signaling by means of a movable mirror that reflects beams of light, esp. sunlight, to a distance.
to utter the cry of a sheep, goat, or calf or a sound resembling such a cry.


traveling poet/musicians
created the encyclopedia
axis powers
Germany, Italy, Japan
a beleiver in islam
king of Prussia 1740–86 (son of Frederick William I).
another word for "HILL".
City-State Forts were originally built on an acropolis.
Under Jimmy Carter
a. inflation reached a new high
b. relations with the soviets improved
c. Americans won the most medals ever in the Olympics
d. a comprehensive peace plan was reached in the middle east
join Germany (white supremists) nazis
-embargo on scrap metal adn oil
-japan and US at impass
written symbols representing a whole word or idea. to write a character required a number of different brush or pen stroke.
Webster-Hayne Debates
major events of Jackson's administration that he wasn't involved in; sectionalism and nullification debates; Benton proposes bill to aid squatters, allowing them to make first bid on land they'd cultivated; Samuel Foote wants to limit sale of land to new settlers; Hayne debates on Benton's behalf, Webster on Foote's behalf, changes subject to nullification question; debates not resolved for next 30 years
minister, activist, and pacifist; NONVIOLENCE
Post Meridiem
"Afternoon" or "after midday" abbreviated as P.M.
Party platforms
Democrats: glorified liberty of individual/clung to states rights and federal restraint on economic affair/more humble poorer folk/south and westWhigs: liked the natural harmony of society and value of community/ disliked leaders whose self interest fostered individual conflict/ favored renewal of national bank, protective tariffs, internal improvemnet, schools, moral reforms/more aristocratic wealthy/ eastBoth: based on peopke with "catchall" popularuty phrases / commanded loyalties from all types of people
Jade-green ceramics from China that became popular in Europe in the 17th century and increased trade between Asia and Europe.
Made up of wealthy nobles (Aristocrats) called patricians- Proposed laws- Controled $- Try domestic crimes- incharge in day to day operation of rome
the conditional promises made to humanity by God, as revealed in Scripture.
a government run by representatives of the people
In forest of niger delta, rulers called oba (also descents of Ife), major trade center, had sculptures, ivory furs, died out because of slave trade.
Greek phalanx
Greek military formation; very strong but weakness was that it could not maneuver; replaced by legion
Greco-Roman Traditions
Rome conquested the greeks, but emulated them. Greek traditions thus transferred to___________
John Locke
The philosopher who wrote the Fundamental Constitution of Carolina arguing that there should be a balance of power between different land owning groups. He also wrote Two Treatises of Government saying that government is a mutual agreement between the ruled and the rulers, each has obligations (1690).
vikings (norsemen)
were traders and warriors from scandinavia who traveled long distances on their long boats from 8th century to the 11th century
Jefferson's junstification for the purchase?
Used treaty powers.
Democratic Redemption
when white southerners had the reversion of the South to conservative the party's rule after Reconstruction

Noble Sissle, Eubie Blake
Composers, wrote “Shuffle Along” 
Cyril and Methodius were apostles to
the Slavs
League of Nations:
world organization established after World War 1 to promote peaceful cooperation between countries.
Proslavery Democrat from New England. Combined desire for western expansion with more slave territory. Threatened Spain in the Ostend Manifesto for Cuba and authorized the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico
Franklin Pierce
Hated not only blacks but also jews, catholics, immigrants, and groups believed to represent "Un-American" values.
Native Americans
helped the Pilgrims survive during the long winter months
Zimmerman Telegram
Feb. 1917, Promised Mexico to ally with Germany and get part of the U.S if they win. German foreign minister Arthur Zimmerman offered to help Mexico recover Texas New Mexico and Arizona if the start a borderland war with the U.S and ask Japan to join them.
Amenhotep II
the pharaoh of the exodus was probably
Italian Wars
Italy split up among powerful cities; Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V captured Rome in 1527 (how it ended)
conspicuous consumerism
products were more available and at lower prices. people wanted and bought the many new products on the market.
vast area of land from Mississippi River to Rocky Mountains owned by France and sometimes Spain
Louisiana Territory
mexican cession
from mexicopolk offers to buy, mexico refuseswartreaty of guadalupe hidalgoRio grande border between U.S. and mexico
In 1929, about what percentage of the U.S. population owned about one-third of all the wealth?
a. 1 percent
b. 10 percent
d. 50 percent
antisocialist laws
prompted by two attempts on kaiser's life - bismarck's antisocialists laws: prohibited socialist meeting and newspapers, socialists just went underground - bismarcks response was then to issue worker legislation himself and undermine socialism
Sacco and Vanzetti
Two anarchist immigrants from italy who were arrested in 1920 for robbery and murder in Massachusetts. They were sentenced to death by a judge who called them “anarchist bastards.” The governor named a blue-ribbon review committee that found the trial judge guilty of a “grave breach of official decorum” but did not motion for a retrial50,000 mourners followed the caskets in the rain convinced that the men died because they were radical immigrants, not because they were murderers.
5. assembly line:
arrangement of equipment and workers in which work passes from operation to operation in direct line until the product is assembled.
The duke of york founded what colony?
New yourk
Virginia Plan
The plan which Edmund Randolph made to have a legislature that gave out seats based on how many people a state had.
the process by which people in a local place mediate and alter regional, national, and global processes
George Washington
leader of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War and first president
Utilitarianism (Jeremy Bentham)
Every act of society/every law passed should be judged in terms of it's usefulness (to find happiness), law was good if it lead to the greater good of people
nathan HALE
Deals with income tax. Congress has the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Known as FDR; started trade with Russia by recognizing communism in the soviet union
schlieffen plan
german plan to attack french through a mutual country, belgium
Jonathan G. Gibbs
served as sec of state and superintendent of public instruction in Florida during reconstruction
a person whose office it is to perform religious rites, and esp. to make sacrificial offerings.
new testament
the second part of the bible; it tells you about the life and teachings of Jesus and about his followers
Absolute Monarchs
a king or queen who has absolute power and seeks to control all aspects of society
name two presidents in the 1980s
ronald reagan and george bush
who was dorthea dix?
led a movement that acheived more humane treatment for both prisoners and the insane
separation of powers
the principle or system of vesting in separate branches the executive, legislative, and judicial powers of a government.
In Medias Res
"Into the middle of things" You use it to describe the way a story is told. {Example: A huge car accident, then how it happened}
TI - Herbert Hoover
A true rags to riches story, Hoover was born to a Quaker family in 1874 and was orphaned at the age of 9. He worked his way through school and made a fortune with mining projects between 1900-1915. He went to Stanford University and graduated with a degree in geology. Hoover was a member of Wilson's war team and created the American Relief Association...he was secretary of commerce under Coolidge and Harding and won the presidency under the republican ticket in 1928. Hoover's New Deal during the depression cut taxes and funded many public work projects. Even though he took prompt action during this time, he was blamed for the depression and FDR beat him in 1932.
Battle of Wounded Knee
Indians had to set up camp and were reciting the Ghost Dance, Soldiers saw and thought they were rebelling, therefore they killed 200 Lakota men; this was the last Indian Battle.
What is the Overman Act?
Gave freedom to the president to wage the war.
What did the Civil Service Commission do?
made sure that government jobs were given to people that were right for the job, not people with political connections
  What was the significance of the Lewis and Clark expedition?

It would be led by Jefferson’s secretary, Meriwether Lewis, and Lewis’ friend,William Clark.
Group of 25 men, 1 women Sacagawea
York-Black Slave
Travel to the middle of the US
Describe three areas of the "The Great Arid Zone"
• Hyper Arid - desert• Arid - very dry land• Semi-arid - prairie steppe land
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