APUSH 17 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Detente
Nixon
William Taft
1909-1913
Teapot Dome Scandal
Harding
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Adams
Andrew Johnson
President after Lincoln's assassination; presided over Civil War aftermath
non-intercourse
suspension of interchange in relations, esp. commercial or political relations.
Liberty Party
1840) political party, anti-slavery but not strongly abolitionist.
The horizontal integration of American industry (i.e. one firm acquiring control of other firms that produce the same product) that occurred at the end of the 19th century was primarily a response of business
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Half-breeds
Favored tariff reform and social reform, major issues from the Democratic and Republican parties
heretic
a professed believer who maintains religious opinions contrary to those accepted by his or her church or rejects doctrines prescribed by that church.
Democratic (paineian) republicanism
promotes widespread participation and the gov't is responsive to the people
Salutary Neglect
british colonial policy during the reigns of George I and George II. relaxed supervision of internal colonial affairs by royal bureacrats contributed significantly to the rise of American self government
Navigation Acts of
British regulations designed to protect British shipping from competition. Said that British colonies could only import goods if they were shipped on British-owned vessels and at least 3/4 of the crew of the ship were British.
Yellow journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Richard Ballinger
Secretary of the Interior opened public lands to corporate development in WY/MT/AK, criticized by Pinchot
Allied Powers
Great Britain (Ireland), France, and Russia (later Japan and Italy)
Richard Henry Lee
Richard Henry Lee (1732-1794), American patriot and statesman, led early resistance in Virginia to British rule. He introduced into the Continental Congress the resolution declaring American independence.
A national political coalition formed to oppose the Jacksonian Democrats.
Whig Party
ideology
the body of doctrine, myth, belief, etc., that guides an individual, social movement, institution, class, or large group.
Boston Massacre (1770)
Enter your back text here.
Containment Doctrine
a foreign policy strategy advocated by George Kennan that called for the United States to isolate the Soviet Union, "contain" its advances, and resist its enroachments by peaceful means if possible, but by force if neccesary.
Virginia Slave Codes
Dealt with the growing slave population
Pottawatomie Creek
the Kansas problem became worse in 1856 when a band of abolitionists butchered five men who were allegedly proslaveryites here.
Panic of 1893
Occurred under the second Cleveland administration, he blamed this panic entirely on the government's purchase of silver and therefore repealed these acts.
Galloway Plan
A plan proposed at the First Continental Congress which would have created an American parliament appointed by colonial legislatures. It was defeated by one vote.
Credit Mobilier
a construction company formed in 1864 by owners of the Union Pacific Railroad, who used it to fraudulently skim off railroad profits for themselves
joseph glidden
Invented barbed wire. This allowed a farmer to protect his land and his crops so that wild herds would not trample the property. They can fence in the property more cheaply, and the production of barbed wire went up dramatically in 1874.
Commonwealth v. Hunt
1842 recognized that the conspiracy law is inapplicable to unions &that strikes for a closed shop are legal
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Mayflower Compact
Fireside chats
FDR's method of addressing the nation thru radio in order to create assurance among the public
jay treaty
the agreement in 1794 between England and the U.S. by which limited trade relations were established, England agreed to give up its forts in the northwestern frontier, and a joint commission was set up to settle border disputes.
Monroe Doctrine
Monroe warns Europe not to colonize or intervene with the Latin Americas; furthered America's standing as a country and eventually an international power
New Netherlands
the dutch called this land claimed by Henry Hudson in New York this name
John Peter Zenger trial
Zenger published articles critical of British governor William Cosby. He was taken to trial, but found not guilty. The trial set a precedent for freedom of the press in the colonies.
Smith-Connally Anti-Strike Act
congress was concerned about the loss of production due to labor strikes
the act authorized the federal govt to seize and operate industries stopped by strikes
John Peter Zenger
launched New York Weekly Journal in 1733. Acquitted of "seditious libel" for criticizing government officials
(David G.) Phillips
his series in Cosmopolitan named "The Treason of the State" (1906) startled the nation; he boldly charged that 75/90 senators did not represent the people at all but the railroads and trusts
Pendleton Act
Office holders would be assessed on a merit basis to be sure they were fit for duty
He helped heal the North/South rift by aiding passage of the Compromise of 1850, which served to delay the Civil War. He helped negotiate the Treaty of Ghent.
Henry Clay
pinckney treaty
an agreement in 1795 between Spain and the U.S. by which Spain recognized the 31st parallel as the southern boundary of the U.S. and permitted free navigation of the Mississippi to American ships.
Stamp Act Congress
A meeting of delegations from many of the colonies, the congress was formed to protest the newly passed Stamp Act It adopted a declaration of rights as well as sent letters of complaints to the king and parliament, and it showed signs of colonial unity and organized resistance.
midnight judges
The 16 judges that were added by the Judiciary Act of 1801 that were called this because Adams signed their appointments late on the last day of his administration.
Webb's The Great Plains
1931- a classic study of America's "primary windfalls," such as furs, precious metals, forests, cattle and grass. By the time it was written, most of these resources had been snatched up- ending the frontier
Anti-Federalists argued that the Constitution...
didn't protect individual and states rights from the deferal government.
is the act of Congress that created the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States of America, which was signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson.
Federal Reserve Act:
Society of the Cincinnati
A secret society formed by officers of the Continental Army. The group was named for George Washington, whose nickname was Cincinnatus, although Washington himself had no involvement in the society.
National Progressive Republican League
formed in 1911, led by La Follette, its leading candidate for the Republican presidential nomination, assuming that Roosevelt would not run for 3rd-term
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
1831 - Supreme Court refused to hear a suit filed by the Cherokee Nation against a Georgia law abolishing tribal legislature. Court said Indians were not foreign nations, and U.S. had broad powers over tribes but a responsibility for their welfare.
This was used as a way to fund the Union’s fight against the Confederacy.
National Bank Act
Pendleton Act (Civil Service Act of 1883)
The act aimed to reform the spoils system by eliminating many political appointments in favor of jobs only awarded to candidates who met predetermined uniform standards of merit. It reestablished a Civil Service Commission to prepare rules for a limited classified civil service, which the president could expand at discretion. Competitive examinations determined the qualifications of applicants, while appointments were apportioned among the states according to population.
Nurture
Feed, Nourish
Inviolate
Safe, Sacred secure
"Strict construction" vs. "Loose construction" of the Constitution
...
Great Compromise
compromise between Virginia/New Jerseybicameral-1 states based, 1 population based
Teslotes
Required, sworn statements of loyalty or religious belief, resisted by Quakers.
Siege
A military operation of surrounding and attacking a fortified place, often over a sustained period
magistrate
A judicial officer with limited authority to administer and enforce the law. A magistrate's court may have juridicition in civil or criminal cases. In the US, it is defined by statute or common law
Instigate
Start, Initiate, Begin [ANT: Stop, Hinder. Inhibit]
John Brown
anti-slavery man who raids Harper's Ferry, and later becomes a martyr for the North
freemen
colonial period; term used to describe indentured servants who had finished their terms of indenture and could live freely on their own land.
Marcus Garvey
"Back to Africa"; separatism; racial pride
Mormonism
Joseph Smith- formed the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) in 1830 when he deciphered the Book of Mormon from some golden plates given to him by an angel; led the Mormons to Illinois. After Joseph Smith was killed 1844, Brigham Young led the Mormons to Utah to avoid persecution.
Coxey's Army
depression brought protesters to Wash. under his leadership
Whose "army of the jobless and the homelss propose of federally funded public work to employ those who needed work
Sigmund Freud
The Viennese physician that believed sexual repression was responsible for a variety of nervous and emotional diseases. He argued that health demanded sexual gratification and liberation. His writings seemed to justify the new sexual frankness of the 1920s
Rosa Parks
Black, female civil rights activist that refused to sit in the back of the bus thus getting arrested, but unveiling the cruelty of American segregation
Babe Ruth


 Thanks to Babe Ruth, athletic figures emerged as the new celebrity. Baseball became the national pastime, but Blacks strictly heroized black players and whites, whites.
Sharecropping
A system for renting farmland in which tenant farmers five landlords a share of their crops, rather than cash, as rent.
peasant status
when eastern areas became crowded and socially divided, farmers feared a return to the lowly status of European peasant
slave codes
The harsh system of laws governing African labor, first developed in Barbados, and later officially adopted by South Carolina in 1696
 
 
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
Frazier-Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act
Allows farmers to defer foreclosure
George Whitefield
touring minister who began the Great Awakening in 1738 and gained support of itinerant ministers; in 1754 he had his last tour
Four Classes in the South
Yeomen-largest, worked land independently, sometimes with slaves, grew own foods; Planters-owned large farms and groups of slaves; Poor Whites-lived in squalor, often worse than slaves; Slaves-worked land; 3/4 of whites in the South
Pragmatism
idea that meaning of a proposition is to be found in the practical consequences of accepting it, and that impractical ideas are to be rejected
Lowell System
factory system of the early 19th century that employed mainly young women [age 15-35] from New England farms to increase efficiency, productivity and profits. Made possible by inventions such as the spinning jenny, spinning mule, and water frame in England around the time of the American Revolution, the textile industry was among the earliest mechanized industries, and models of production and labor sources were first explored here.
Winslow Homer
He revealed rugged realism through his works.
Missouri Compromise
Devised by Henry Clay, the compromise admitted Missouri as a slave state, made Maine a free state, and established the southern border of Missouri as the northernmost point at which slavery would be allowed.
William Penn
The creator of the Quakers and founder of Pennsylvania
Revolution of 1800
The Presidential election of 1800 in which Thomas Jefferson defeated former President John Adams. It was the first change of parties moving to Democratic-Republican from Federalists.
Headright system
the right to acquire a certain amount of land granted to the person who finances the passage of labor.
Haymarket Riot
downtown chicago in May 1 1886 100000 workers turned to support strikers . Police and milita made were called to sedate the crowd7 dead and 70 wounded
La Follette's "Wisconsin Experiment"
taxes on income and corporations written by gov't of Wisconsin
lincoln won the presidency
with an electoral majority derived only from the north
Interchangeable Parts
 If one single component of a weapon needed a replacement, the entire weapon either had to be sent back to an expert gunsmith to make custom repairs or discarded and replaced by another weapon. During the 18th and early 19th centuries, the idea of replacing these methods with a system of interchangeable manufacture was gradually developed.
SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
THE BODY THAT CHOSE GEORGE WASHINGTONM COMMANDER OF THE CONTINENTAL ARMY.
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Court case which provided Congress the right to regulate interstate commerce
Maryland was the only colony formed
by proprietors (English politicians), who assumed responsibility for the colonies, instead of by way of a joint-stock company
Spanish Civil War (1936-1935), Franco
Spain had established a leftist, democratic government in the 1930s. In July, 1936, Gen. Fransisco Franco and other army leaders staged a coup and installed a right-wing fascist government, touching off a civil war between loyalist Republican forces (aided by Russia) and Franco's Fascist party (aided by Mussolini and Hitler).
ROBERT DE LA SALLE
FRENCH EMPIRE BUILDER WHO EXPLORED THE MISSISSIPPI BASIN AND NAMED IT AFTER HIS MONARCH.
King Philips’ War
A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanowogs, led by a chief known as King Philip. The war was started when the Massachusetts government tried to assert court jurisdiction over the local Indians. The colonists won with the help of the Mohawks, and this victory opened up additional Indian lands for expansion.
Coney Island
The area was a major resort and site of amusement parks that reached its peak in the early 20th century.
The principle reason for the formation of the Dixiecrat party in 1948 was the opposition of dissident Democrats to President Truman's
proposal for civil rights legislation
General William Shafter
Lead the a fleet of US battleships to drive out Spanish commandor Cevera.
Thomas B. Reed
He took control of the House of Reps, and dominated the Democrats
Report on the Public Credit
Hamilton proposed that the US had the obligation to redeem the notes about the articles of confederation
Security and Exchange Act of 1934
effort to REFORM the stock market
all corporations issuing new securities to provide full and accurate information about them to the public
policed this and showed that the power of businesses had fallen because before the owners of big businesses would have stopped this from happening
29. Senator Stephen A. Douglas managed to engineer the Compromise of 1850 by
 
a. Winning the endorsement of President Zachary Taylor for the Compromise
b. Letting the southern Democrats dictate the terms of the Compromise
c. Securing passage of the
c. Securing passage of the different parts of the Compromise as separate laws
Hay Bunau Varilla Treaty of 1904
The US was give 10 mile wide area on which they planned to build the canal in exchange, US gave 10 million to Panama
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