American Civil War
Terms Definitions
Chinese Immigrants
Bland-Allison Act
Cold War begins
Point 1
no secret treaties
worshiped unlawfully: England forbid unauthorized religious meetings, they rejected assumptions about the proper religious roles of women
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Sherman's March
1864-1865; Union General William Tecumseh Sherman's destructive march through Georgia.
1928 Election
pitted Republican Herbert Hoover against Democrat Al Smith. The Republicans were identified with the booming economy of the 1920s, whereas Smith, a Roman Catholic, suffered politically from anti-Catholic prejudice, his anti-prohibitionist stance, and the legacy of corruption of Tammany Hall with which he was associated. Hoover won a landslide victory.
Southern Colonies
Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and Georgia
the quality of being extremely generous
"Starving Time"
harsh winter between [1609-1610] when there was no food, leaving the settlers to eat anything they could find (cannibalism, dogs, snakes)
Headright System
Headrights were parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America. They were used by the Virginia Company to attract more colonists.
12th Amendment
Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.
Medicare Act
Technically known as the Social Security Act Amendment of 1965; created system of subsidized medical care for retirees, both for doctor visits and hospitalization, though not prescription drugs (added under President Bush in 2004). Also created Medicaid, which provided medical care for the very poor.
Imperial Federalism
Central government with more localized governments doing smaller things, the crown wants more control. Used system of kings, lords, and commons.
Indians that inhabited the area of Connecticut Valley; as the population of Massachusetts grew, settlers tried to find new places to live, however the Pequots were resistant in the English incursions. This led to conflict between the colonies and the Pequot, and led to the Pequot War
Neal S. Dow
Dow, Neal, 1804–97, American prohibitionist, b. Portland, Maine. He helped organize the Maine Temperance Union in 1838 and prepared (1851) the famous “Maine Law,” which superseded the less rigid prohibition legislation of 1846. As mayor of Portland (1851–59), Dow succeeded with difficulty in making his law operative in that city. He lectured on prohibition throughout the United States, and in 1857 he visited England. He was the Prohibition party's candidate for President in 1880.
1842 - Established Maine's northern border and the boundaries of the Great Lake states.
Webster-Ashburton Treaty
the principle or practice of unselfish concern for or devotion to the welfare of others (
Alfred Kinsey
wrote "Sexual Behavior in the Human Male"(1948) and "Sexual Behavior in the Human Female"(1958); these shocked many people, looked at sex in primarily physical terms and broadened the terms of sexual behavior allowed by consenting adults in private
Grand Army of the Republic
politically active fraternal organization of many Uion veterans of the Civil War
Declaratory Act (1766)
Declared that parliament still had absolute power ove the colonies and could still tax them
Hat Act,
Declared that hats made in the colonies could not be exported.
Chinese Exclusion Law 1882
Enabled congress to suspend immigration from China. It was made specifically to stop miners from china from coming to the U.S.
William Travis
Commander of the defenders of the Alamo who was only 26 years old. He was determined to hold his position and managed to send messages through Mexican lines asking for assistance, but none came. He was killed in the Battle of the Alamo, and he was important because his death made Texas fight harder for their independence.
Rugged Individualism
The argument that people should be able to withstand the bad climate on their own without the help of anyone else
another British liner that was sunk in August 1915, with the loss of 2 American lives
Elijah Lovejoy
abolitionist & editor. press he used was attacked four times & he was killed defending it.
This was a fort that was strategically important during the Revolutionary War because of the trade routes near it.
October 24, 1929
Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 50%
george mcclellan
Union general in the American Civil War.
Ida Tarbell
author - History of the Standard Oil Company
famous chief of the Ottawa who led an unsuccessful rebellion against the British (1715-1769)
Non-Intercourse Act
1809 - Replaced the Embargo of 1807. Unlike the Embargo, which forbade American trade with all foreign nations, this act only forbade trade with France and Britain. It did not succeed in changing British or French policy towards neutral ships, so it was replaced by Macon's Bill No. 2.
March on Birmingham
Site of a non-violent protest, where local police and fire fighters use excessive force to prevent protests from continuing.
Red Cross
helps anyone who needs help. Made 1881 by Barton
"little brown brothers"
a derogatory phrase that referred to the Filipinos by Taft
Chivington Massacre
Sand Creek, CO - 1864 militia killed more than 400 Indians
Created the federal court system, allowed the president to create federal courts and to appoint judges.
Judiciary Act of 1789
a popular name for a member of the Religious Society of Friends.
Macon's Bill No. 2
The objective was to compel Great Britain and France to stop their restrictions against U.S. shipping. Designed as a substitute for the unsuccessful Nonintercourse Act, it prohibited British and French armed vessels from entering American waters and ports unless forced in by distress or to deliver dispatches. The measure reopened American trade to the entire world. The act stated that if either France or Britain removed its restrictions on American commerce by 3 March 1811 and the other failed to do so within three months, the president would revive the restrictions of nonintercourse against that other nation.
Defense of Ft. McHenry
The poem that later become our national anthem written by Francis Scott Key after witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry by the British Royal Navy ships in Chesapeake Bay during the Battle of Ft. McHenry in the War of 1812.
Eugene V. Debs
made the first major attempt to form such an industrial union
1809 repeal of law that hurt American commerce
the Embargo act
Emergency Banking Relief Act
FDR's 1st act
Provided funds to open some banks
Second Continental Congress
t met in 1776 and drafted and signed the Declaration of Independence, which justified the Revolutionary War and declared that the colonies should be independent of Britain.
Battle of the Atlantic
began in spring 1941 with the sinking of an American merchant vessel by a German submarine. Armed conflict between warships of America and Germany took place in September of 1941; American merchant vessels were armed by 1942
Treaty negotiators: John Quincy Adams, Albert Gallatin, Henry Clay
These three were among the American delegation which negotiated the Treaty of Ghent.
Stamp Act Congress, 1765
brought together in New York City 27 delegates fm 9 colonies; at first ignored in England, but brougth together leaders fm differnt and rival colonies, significant step toward intercolonial unity
Who did Reagan nominate to sit on the supreme court during his presidency? why was each one notable?
Sandra Day O'Connor-first female. & also two other conservative judges
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