APUSH Review through civil war Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Abraham Lincoln
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Freeport Doctrine
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Harpers Ferry
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Republican Party
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John C. Breckinridge
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New Harmony
Indiana utopian settlement
John Brown
led Pottawatomie Massacre, extreme abolitionist who believed he was doing God's work
14th amendment
protects rights from state infringement, protects citizenship, disqualifies confederate officials
Antietam
sept 1862, maryland, lee's first defeat. union victory, lincoln issues emancipation proclamation. britain will not help south
Kansas-Nebraska Act
territory split into Kansas and Nebraska, popular sovereignty (Kansas slave, Nebraska free); proposed by Stephen A. Douglas
greenbacks
us currency used during the civil war
James Fennimore Cooper
Early american author, established american literary tradition and nationalism- Deer Hunter, Last of the Mohicans
clement vallandigham
Prominent Copperhead who was an ex-congressman from Ohio, demanded an end to the war, and was banished to the Confederacy
George McClellan
union general, 1st commander, overly cautious, fired by Lincoln
William Seward
Secretary of State under Lincoln and Johnson; purchase of Alaska "Seward's Folly"
cotton diplomacy
South thought that they could use cotton to lure England and France recognize the confederacy and give them aid against the North. They even withheld cotton to try and give them a "cotton famine".
Hartford convention (1814)
Secret federalist meeting durring the war of 1812. New englanders discussed a seperate peace with england, proposed several amendments to the constitution and discussed the negative impact of the war on trade. meeting terminated when the US won the battle of new orleans. Helped to bring an end to the federalist party.
Stephen austin
extablished one of the inital colonies of americans in TX
Election of 1864
lincoln wins close election over gneral McClellan, means war will continue to victory
Adams-Onis treaty
1819 sec state John Quincy Adams treaty with spain to give up florida and oregon territory
morrill tariff
raised tariffs & sold govt. land; against laissez-faire economics
john tyler
elected Vice President and became the 10th President of the United States when Harrison died 1841-1845, President responsible for annexation of Mexico after receiving mandate from Polk, opposed many parts of the Whig program for economic recovery
webster-ashburton treaty
a treaty that resolved several border issues between the United States and the British North American colonies, more specifically a dispute over the location of the Maine-New Brunswick border. It also est. the border between Lake Superior and the Lake of the Woods. Reaffirmed the location of the border in the westward frontier up to the Rocky Mountains; called for a final end to the slave trade on the high seas, and agreed on terms for shared use of the Great Lakes.
Compromise of 1850
(1) California admitted as free state, (2) territorial status and popular sovereignty of Utah and New Mexico, (3) resolution of Texas-New Mexico boundaries, (4) federal assumption of Texas debt, (5) slave trade abolished in DC, and (6) new fugitive slave law; advocated by Henry Clay and Stephen A. Douglas
Compromise of 1877
after 1876 election, the democrats and republicans secretly made a compromise to fix a few things as long as the Republicans did the following: 1) remove federal troops from South; 2) appoint a democrat to the presidential cabinet; 3) appoint democrats to southern govt. positions
South's military strategy
they were greatly outnumbered, but all the South had to do to have victory was not lose! They had more morale, better/more experienced generals. but had to be more careful with their men
Embargo act of 1807
Under jefferson, congress bans all trade with other countries to force france and england to recognize US shipping rights. Ruins New England's economy
shiloh
This was battle fought by Grant in an attempt to capture the railroad of the South. The battle was fought in the west prevented the north from obtaining an easy victory. However, the Confederates strong resistance showed that they would not go quietly and the war was far from over.
james k polk
president in March 1845. wanted to settle oregon boundary dispute with britain. wanted to aquire California. wanted to incorperate Texas into union.
Pottawatomie Creek (May 1856)
John Brown and his sons slaughtered five men as a response to the election fraud in Lawrence and the caning of Sumner in Congress
Appomattax Court House
place where Union army cornered Lee in Richmond when taking the capital, where Lee surrendered to Grant
erie canal
opened in 1825 and linked lake erie to atlantic ocean via the hudson river
lincolns ten percent plan
Lincoln- when 10% of the states population swore an oath of loyalty to the U.S. the state could form a new government, declare end of slavery and send representatives to Congress
stuff vs. spirit
north had all the supplies and men but the south had morale and determination
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