APUSH study 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Freedmens Bureau
McCulloch v. Maryland
1819
POTUS 4
James Madison
Republican
1809-1817
PWA
Public Works Administration
Built roads, schools, dams, bridges, else
crop generating nation after 1815
cotton
Thaddeus Stevens
the crusty Pennsylvania congressman who led the radical Republicans during Reconstruction
Mercantilism:
Mercantilism was the economic policy of Europe in the 1500s through 1700s. The government exercised control over industry and trade with the idea that national strength and economic security comes from exporting more than is imported. Possession of colonies provided countries both with sources of raw materials and markets for their manufactured goods. Great Britain exported goods and forced the colonies to buy them.
redemption
return to power in the south
Elizabeth Peabody
Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894), an American educator, author, and prominent member of the New England intellectual community, promoted the new kindergarten movement in the United States.
vigilante
a member of a vigilance committee.
Andrew Johnson
the person born to impoverished parents in North Carolina and early orphaned. He never attended school but was apprenticed to a tailor and became president at age 57
Mercantilism
the economic notion that a nation should amass wealth by exporting more than it imports; colonies are valuable in a mercantile system as a source of raw materials and as a market for manufactured goods.
Washington Irving
American writer remembered for the stories "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow," contained in The Sketch Book (1819-1820).
Jefferson Davis
leader and president of the Confederacy during the Civil War
Eleanor Roosevelt
Presidential wife who became an effective lobbyist for the poor during the New Deal
Albany Congress
1754 meeting of representatives of seven colonies to coordinate their efforts against French and Native American threats in the Western frontier regions
Williams Jennings Bryan
Eloquent congressman from Nebraska. During the extra Congress session in the summer of 1893, Bryan held the galleries spellbound for three hours as he championed the cause of free silver. Despite his efforts, however, President Cleveland alienated the Democratic silverities. He also ran against McKinley in the presidential elections of 1896 and lost.
Fair Deal
Extension of the New Deal
Increase minimum wage, enlarge Social Security, create low-cost housing projects, clean up slums
transcendentalism
any philosophy based upon the doctrine that the principles of reality are to be discovered by the study of the processes of thought, or a philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical: in the U.S., associated with Emerson.
David Hume
last guy of empiricism, said there can't be absolute knowledge if it is based on the senses alone
Virginia and Kentucky
Passed resolutions that made it possible for them to nullify any federal law they determined to be unconstitutional.
Spanish Armada
the Spanish fleet that attempted to invade England, ending in disaster, due to the raging storm in the English Channel as well as the smaller and better English navy led by Francis Drake. This is viewed as the decline of Spains Golden Age, and the rise of England as a world naval power.
Galloway Plan
A plan proposed at the First Continental Congress which would have created an American parliament appointed by colonial legislatures. It was defeated by one vote
Louis Sullivan
United States architect known for his steel framed skyscrapers and for coining the phrase 'form follows function' (1856-1924)
Greenbacks
Name for Union paper money not backed by gold or silver. Value would fluctuate depending on status of the war (plural)
Tariff of Abominations
The bill favored western agricultural interests by raising tariffs or import taxes on imported hemp, wool, fur, flax, and liquor, thus favoring Northern manufacturers. In the South, these tariffs raised the cost of manufactured goods, thus angering them and causing more sectionalist feelings.
"referendum"
people have the final say because laws can favor big businesses and corporations
Dollary Diplomacy
under Prez Howard Taft- Wall street money would be used to uphold foreign policy
the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. In a series of maneuvers, Union Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee crossed the Mississippi River and drove the Confederate army of Lt. Gen. John C.
Vicksburg:
deep south
the southeastern part of the U.S., including esp. South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana.
Ferdinand Magellan
Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain; he commanded an expedition that was the first to circumnavigate the world 1480-1521. He discovered the Philippines in 1521 which Spain held until 1898.
The Compromise of 1877
It withdrew federal soldiers from their remaining position in the South, enacted federal legislation that would spur industrialization in the South, appointed Democrats to patronage positions in the south, and appointed a Democrat to the president's cabinet.
Sugar Act
1764; Duty on imported sugar from the West Indies.
Oliver Hazard Perry
United States commodore who led the fleet that defeated the British on Lake Erie during the War of 1812
election of 1876
one of the most disputed presidential elections; electoral votes awarded to Hayes in exchange for withdrawal of troops from the south
The assassination of Lincoln
-was a calamity for the South
Stono Uprising
1739 twently slaves met near the Stono River outside of Charleston, SC; stole guns and ammo and killed storekeepers and planters as well as freeing many slaves; tried to head for FL but the colonial militia got them first and killed all of them. FIRST SLAVE REBELLION: led to tighter hold on slaves and a "witch hunt" in NY, executed around 35 ppl for supposedly helping slaves
Yellow Journalism
: A type of journalism in which sensationalism triumphs over factual reporting. This may take such forms as the use of colorful adjectives, exaggeration, a careless lack of fact-checking for the sake of a quick "breaking news" story, or even deliberate falsification of entire incidents.
She wrote the abolitionist book, Uncle Tom's Cabin. It helped to crystalize the rift between the North and South. It has been called the greatest American propaganda novel ever written, and helped to bring about the Civil War.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Coercive/Intolerable Acts, 1774
Parliament passed a series of actes designed to chastise Boston in particular;Boston Port Act closed tea stained harbor until damages were paid and order could be ensured; restrictions on town meetings
Charles Evan Hughes
He was the Republican governor of New York who ran for the presidency in 1916. He lost to Wilson. He was a strong reformer who gained his national fame as an investigator of malpractices in gas and insurance companies. In 1921 he became Harding's Secretary of State. He called together the major powers to the Washington Disarmament Conference in 1921.
Hudson River School
In about 1825 a group of American painters led by Thomas Cole used their talents to do landscapes, which were not highly regarded. They painted many scenes of New York's Hudson River. Mystical overtones.
Emergency Banking Relief Act
March 9, 1933; closed insolvent banks, reorganized strong banks, aided banks overall; 5000 banks inspected and reopened; examiners inspected banks; gave president power to regulate transactions in credit, currency, gold, silver, and foreign exchange
Cult of Domesticity
The idea that true women remained in the home to care for the family while removing themselves from the world of work and politics. The world was a man’s world and its treachery would spoil the women who were not strong enough to overcome it. This idea empowered women to be the spiritual leaders of the family.
Treaty of Tordesillas
divided the New World into Spanish and Portuguese territories; Spain, dominating North and South America, secured its claim to America
Battle of New Orleans
January 8, 1815; Final major battle of the War of 1812; Major General Andrew Jackson and his American Forces defeated an invading British Army intent on seizing New Orleans and the vast territory America had acquired in the Louisiana Purchase.
XYZ's affect on foreign policy
built up army, attack from french ships, more hostile
Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and West Virginia
4 and 1/2 states that Stayed in the union, which gave 45% more popular vote and military manpower, it was also symbolic for owning the Confederates because they'd be forced to secede.
. For Southern farmers, the 1850s was a time of
high crop prices and sustained prosperity
do you think america has entered into an age of no confidence since 1960? why or why not
no, i believe america hasnt entered an age of no confidence. since 1960s america has made many incredible advances in science, medicine, and technology. through tech. america has led the way in an electronic global economy, allowing it to "outsource" its businesses all over the world. tech has also led to the creation of weapons that will protect america. america economy has driven the world in economic growth. influx of immigrants are forming the base of america's economy and haring their sense of pride.
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