APUSH UNIT V Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Trusts
Fundamental Orders


design for Connecticut gov
modeled off MA bay 
voters did not have to be members of the church 
Act of Religious Toleration
1649
The Wagner Act addressed...
labour unions
Scalawags
Derogatory term for white southerners who aligned themselves with the Republican Party during reconstruction
Nauvoo
Mormons founded this Illinois town, which became an imposing and economically successful community.
Original Jurisdiction
case begins in supreme court
Backcountry
People from the backcountry were unhappy because the government was negligent of the Indian attacks. The people from the backcountry were poor, not as educated, and had no aristocratic background compared to the Northern colornies. They were displeased because they were not treated equally.
Franklin Pierce
New Hampshire lawyer and Democratic politician nominated as a compromise candidate and elected president in 1852.
Excise taxes
Taxes placed on manufactured products. The excise tax on whiskey helped raise revenue for Hamilton's program.
Civil Disobedience
Or passive resistance, a public refusal to obey unjust laws.
Monroe Doctrine


american continents to longer open to colonization
US would not interfere with european affairs
Border states
States bordering the North: Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri. They were slave states, but did not secede.
Bank War
Controversy over the Second National Bank which was vetoed because president viewed it as monopoly due to the fact that it was owned by a private company
Puritanism
The Puritans simply believed that the Anglican Church was too Catholic and needed to be purified. The Puritans were also essentially Calvinists. Many Puritans emigrated from England to America in the 1630s and 1640s. During this time, the population of the Massachusetts Bay colony grew to ten times its earlier population.
 
 
 
Spread of Totalitarianism
 
 
Totalitarianism and war in Europe forced Roosevelt to provide more and more assistance to desperate Britain, despite strong isolationist opposition.
14th Amendment
African Americans were made full citizens of the United States
William Randolph Hearst
popular yellow journalist who helped lead the US into the Spanish-American War
Rush-Bagot agreement
Agreement between the U.S. and Britain to limit naval armament on the Great Lakes.
In response to arms race.
Know-Nothings
After the election of 1852, this group created a new politcial organization that they called the American Party. It had an immediate success in the election of 1854. They did well in P.A. and N.Y. and actually won control of the govt. in Massachusetts. Outside the northeast, their progress was modest. After 1854, their strength declined and the party soon disapeared.
The Navigation Acts were part of the British policy known as
mercantilism
Bunker Hill
May 1775, Boston, colonist defeated at the expense of 1,000 British dead of wounded
English Reformation
the English separation form Rome and formation of the Church of England (with King in charge) (Act of Supremacy and political power) Started by Henry VIII
Task system
slaves would be assigned certain tasks for the day. Once they were done, they were allowed to do whatever
The states that had seceded were simply out of their proper practical relation with the Union, and the nations goal following the war to return them to their proper practical relation. This statement was made by.
Abraham Lincoln.
Ku Klux Klan


1866; they were a terrorist organization in the south that targeted black people and southern republicans after the war. At first, they sought to restore southern honor. They served the Democratic Party. Their terrorist tactics managed to get some Democratic gains in the south.  
NSC-68
(1950) The US detected that the Soviet Union had detonated an atomic bomb, posing a threat to America’s atomic monopoly. Truman turned to the National Security Council (NSC) to devise a new diplomatic and military plan. The NSC delivered its report, “NSC-68,” to the president, making recommendations such as the development of a hydrogen bomb. It also called for increasing US conventional forces, establishing a strong system of alliances, and increasing taxes to finance the building up of the West’s defensive potential. Truman was worried about the costs of the program, but the Korean War, which began two months after NSC-68, brought it into reality.
Mexico
War and expansionism by the US i the 19th century took land from and caused lasting resentment in
"Shores of Tripole"
The pasha of Tripoli (pirate state), unhappy with "protection money," declared war on the United States.
Jefferson dispatched the navy and extorted a peace treaty at the price of $60,000 for ransom.
Northwest Ordinance
Enacted in 1787, it is considered one of the most significant achievements of the Articles of Confederation. It established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union on an equal footing with the original 13 states
"Lend lease" March 1941
Authorized the president to transfer, lend, or lease any article of defense equipment ot any government whose defense was deemed vital to the defense of the U.S. Allowed the U.S. to send supplies and ammunition to the Allies without technically becoming a co-belligerent.
Indian Appropriations Act
1851 - The U.S. government reorganized Indian land and moved the Indians onto reservations.
139 Hull House-
during the industrial Rev. Jane Addams founded___ ___ a settlement house that offered social programs for immigrants.
Abigail Adams
John Adams' wife. Took over his duties while he was away. Had strong political opinions (woman's advocate, etc.) and expressed them along with other advice to husband in letters.
  
 
 
  Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies.
Its argument was double-barreled. To  interventionists, it could appeal for direct succor to the British by such slogans as “Britain Is Fighting Our Fight.” To the isolationists, it could appeal for assistance to the democracies by “All Methods Short of War,” so that the terrible conflict would be kept in faraway Europe
Compromise of 1877
Hayes promised to show concern for Southern interests and end Reconstruction in exchange for the Democrats accepting the fraudulent election results. He took Union troops out of the South.
General William Henry Harrison/Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811
presidential candidate for the Whigs in 1840. father was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and a former Virginian governor. served as president for just 30 days before his death. Tecumseh in Prophetstown on the Tippecanoe river at the Battle of Tippecanoe. Prophets troops had to retreat
The primary purpose of the Proclamation of 1763 was to
avoid conflict with the trans-Appalachian Indians
John Dickinson
from PA wrote Letters from a Farmer in PA 1767. Said that Parliament had the right to regulate trade but not use it to raise money
Virginia House of Burgesses
First of the many mini legislatures created by the colonies that started the tradition of Salutary Neglect and home rule.
7. By opening territory north of 36°30' to slavery, the Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the
 
a. Dred Scott decision
b. Northwest Ordinance
c. Wilmot Proviso
d. Missouri Compromise
e. Compromise of 1850
e. Compromise of 1850
"Colossus of the North"
Term for America in the age of American imperialism
McNary-Haugen Bill, vetos
The bill was a plan to raise the prices of farm products. The government could buy and sell the commodities at world price and tariff. Surplus sold abroad. It was vetoes twice by Coolidge. It was the forerunner of the 1930's agricultural programs.
William Marbury vs James Madison
William Marbury was a midnight judge in DC, and James Madison took his place. Marbury sued Madison. This legal case posed the question of who had the last word on constitutionality. Marbury lost.
Report on Public Credit (1790)
This was the first major analyze of America's economy
Slaves in Southern Urban Areas
Served as a factory workers or in construction; purchased their freedom with their savings or disappeared into society; few slaves were able to buy freedom or work in urban areas as sectional trouble rose
Harding scandals: Secretary of the Interior Fall
Fall leased government land to the oil companies (Teapot Dome Scandal) and was convicted of accepting a bribe.
John Spargo, The Bitter Cry of the Children
Journalist and novelist, he wrote of the unfair treatment of children used as child labor. Stressed better education, better schools and teachers. A muckraker novel.
28. The Dred Scott decision held that a slave
 
a. Could sue for his freedom in the courts
b. Became free when transported to free territory
c. Was a private property even in a free territory
d. Was a citizen when in free territory
e. Could not be
c. Was a private property even in a free territory
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