APUSH Vocab 6 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Second Great Awakening
Alien and Sedition Acts
massachusetts governor home destroyed by mob during the stamp act
Radical Reconstruction
Reconstruction strategy developed by Republicans that was based on severely punishing South for causing war
By 1700, Chesapeake quality of life
to speak out against the government
delegates from the states unanimously agree to ratify the Articles of Confederation into what later becomes the US Constitution where there is more federal than state power
Lecompton Constitution
State constitution written for Kansas in 1857 at a Convention dominated by proslavery forces; it would have allowed slavery, but Kansas voters rejected it.
Zebulon Pike
American soldier and explorer whom Pikes Peak in Colorada is named. His Pike expedition often compared to the lewis and Clark expedition, mapped much of the southern portion of the Louisianna Purchase
Virginia's headright system
offered English Catholic aristocrats large land grants on condition that they bring settlers at their own cost
Nullification Crisis

SC convention nullified tariff of 1832
jackson threatened to use fed troops to force SC to obey law
compromise tariff of 1833: called for gradual reduction of tariff rates
"The Crisis"
The NAACP's pamphlet, which borrowed the name from Thomas Paine's speech about the American Revolution.
Specie payment
National currency (smae types of currency with same values) was created for all states to share
“visible saints”
persons who passed their demanding tests of conversion and church membership, among gods elect (Puritain belife)
Crittenden Compromise 1860
basically radical compromise by Crittenden that wasn't really a compromise. Make an amendment that says you can't touch my slaves, extend the 36'30, abolish it in DC and you can't overrule this amendment. Obviously Lincoln refused to agree
An anti-foreign feeling that arose in the 1840's and 1850's in response to the influx of Irish and German Catholics.
Crispus Attucks
The first person shot in the Revolution (he was black)
Marbury v. Madison
Secretary of State James Madison prevented William Mradbury from being named justice of the District of Columbia.
Marbury sued for its delivery.
Marshall dismissed the suit ruling that the part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 on which Marbury tried to base his appeal was unconstitutional.
Richard Hoe
In 1846, he invented the steam cylinder rotary press, making it possible to print newspapers much more rapidly and cheaply than had been possible in the past. Among other things, the rotary press spurred the dramatic growth of mass- circulation newspapers.
Which most relates to James K. Polk?
Manifest Destiny
The Arabic
was another passenger liner that was sunken by the Uboats which then caused the Arabic pledge which they promised to stop sinking passenger ships
Jacob Leisler
New York rebel against 'The Dominion' leader. Seized royal government and helped rule colony for one year. Executed for treason in 1691.
Children born in New World to Spanish men and women
Slave codes
White slave owners felt threatened by their slaves so as the number of slaves increased over the years, slave codes were created to bound slaved to their masters forever. It ultimately led to the emergence of racial discrimination
Union Draft 

 the Union set a quota of volunteers for the war effort with the Enrollment Act of 1862 and 63. Immigrants from Germany and Ireland refused to fight. People could pay for substitution. 

Miranda v. Arizona
1966; required arresting officers to notify people being arrested of their legal rights. This was one of the Warren cout decisions
Inner Light
a belief held by Quakers that every believer had a(n) [term here], which expresses itself as divine intuition or knowledge unaccountable by ordinary derivations of thought.
7 years war
aka french and indian war, bloodiest in germany(fredrick the great repelled 3 countries)
American Colonization Society
A Society that thought slavery was bad. They would buy land in Africa and get free blacks to move there. One of these such colonies was made into what now is Liberia. Most sponsors just wanted to get blacks out of their country.
The U.S. Army in the Pacific had been pursuing an "island-hopping" campaign, moving north from Australia towards Japan. On April 1, 1945, they invaded Okinawa, only 300 miles south of the Japanese home islands. By the time the fighting ended on June 2, 1945, the U.S. had lost 50,000 men and the Japanese 100,000.
Niagra Movement
A group of black and white reformers, including W. E. B. DuBois. They organized the NAACP in 1909.
159 Doughboy
U.S. Soldier sent to fight in France during WWI
Committee on Public Information
Government agency created to influence U.S. public opinion regarding American participation in World War I
Election 1856
Democrat - James Buchanan (won by a narrow margin). Republican - John Fremont. Know- Nothing Party and Whig - Millard Fillmore. First election for the Republican Party. Know- Nothings opposed immigration and Catholic influence. They answered questions from outsiders about the party by saying "I know nothing".
Terence Powderly
Elected head of the Knights of Labor in 1883. An American labor union originally established as a secret fraternal order and noted as the first union of all workers.
The Hartford Convention, 1814-1815
A gathering of New England Federalists to channel opposition to Thomas Jefferson and the war of 1812 Some participants may have regarded the meeting as preparatory to a secession movement by the New England colonies.
Which of the following statements about Africans brought as slaves to the British North American colonies is true?
They maintained cultural practices brought from Africa.
Square Deal
made of the Hepburn Act which gave was to the Interstate Commerce Commission, Pure Food and Drug Act, and the Meat Inspection Act
97 Uncle Tom’s Cabin—
Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in response to the Fugitive Slave Law __ __ __ is considered to have been one of the most effective Anti-Slavery statements made prior to the Civil War.
Margaret Fuller
1839; she was very well educated and a teacher; she explored women’s possible freedoms, predicting more gender equality in her Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1844). Inspired by Emerson’s beliefs, she started a discussion group of women. She was involved in transcendentalist writings and journals. She inspired women rights’ reformers and writers. She was an editor for the leading transcendentalist journal called The Dial.
US v E.C. Knight (1890)
The very firsts court case concerning the Sherman Antitrust Act. It limited how much the government could control trusts
Harding scandals: Harry Sinclair
He leased government land to the oil companies and was forced to resign due to the investigation. He was acquitted on the bribery charges.
Population Growth and change (Early 1800s)
Labor shortage meant more opportunity for work; influx of immigration included German skilled labor and Irish Catholics; growth of population in the West and in rural areas; urbanization outgrew public services; race riots, religious riots and street crime part of city society
Elizabeth Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
2 women's rights advocates who helped sponsor the Seneca Falls Convention
Second Bank of the United States
National Bank chartered in 1816 to renew war debts but failed after 20 years
Nonagression pact between Germany and U.S.S.R.
August 23, 1939 - Germany and Russia agreed not to attack each other, which allowed Hitler to open up a second front in the West without worrying about defending against Russia. Granted Western Poland ot Germany, but allowed Russia to occupy Finland, Estonia, Latvia, and Eastern Poland. Hitler intended to break the pact.
One of the major outcomes of Shay’s Rebellion was that it helped convince many states that…?
A stronger and more stable government was necessary.
Fugitive Slave Law
Presidental age requirement
35 years
Democratic Revolution/Era of the Common Man
New Inventions for Exploration
Compass, sextant, caravel
Thomas Hutchinson
Lieutenant governor of Massachusetts, house attacked by a mob in response to the Stamp Act, told Mass. Assembly that his pay would come from customs revenues, thus bypassing the assemblies' power over him
long drives
Different railroad companies charged separate rates for hauling goods a long or short distance
United States policy using military, economic, and diplomatic strategies to stall the spread of communism, enhance America’s security and influence abroad, and prevent a domino effect
Thomas Paine
"Small islands not capable of protecting themselves are the proper ojects for kingdoms to take under their care;" These words were written in the 1770s by
William and Mary
first collage, established in VA
Election of 1912
Presidential campaign involving Taft, T. Roosevelt, and Woodrow Wilson. Taft and Roosevelt split the Republican vote, enabling Wilson to win
in government, a formal statement of policy or judgement by a legislature, but requiring no legal statute
Great Migration
Continuing bad times and the persecution of Puritans at home led to the Great Migration of the 1630s; farmers, artisans, and around 150 university trained (nearly all studied divinity) colonists came – first ministers; outbreak of Eng. Civil War put end to Great Migration in early 1640s; no prominent Eng. Merchants joined the G. Migration
people that watched over a plantation owners slaves to keep slaves working and maximize profits
German soldiers that fought for the British army during the American Revolution
Pancho Villa
Attacked Columbus, New Mexico, General Pershing follows him into Mexico
Eli Whitney
Invented the cotton gin, which revolutionized the cotton industry and increased the need for slaves; established first factory to assemble muskets with interchangeable, standardized parts
15th Amendment
Amendment which stated that blacks can vote
John Winthrop
founder of Mass. Bay colony, governor for a while as well as leader of the Puritans, pivotal in establishment of Mass. Bay colony
Anne Hutchinson
Cast doubt on the clergy's spiritual state by asserting that Puritan ministers dismissed the Calvinint doctrine of predestination
Dartmouth College vs. Woodward

supreme court prohibited stated from interfering with privileges granted to a private corporation
charter granted by a state was a contract and could not be canceled without consent of both parties
caused states to spell out limitations of corporate charters in greater detail
Army Act
reduced the control of the president over the army.
Gives the power to stop changes. The presidential veto was first used by George Washinton in 1792.
Idea of governing a nation where the people have a say in how the federal government operates
phony war
The months following the collapse of Poland, while
France and Britain marked time,
The Overland Trail
Pioneer trail beginning at several jumping off points along the Missouri river.
A law stated that the entire estate of a man would be passed to his first-born son when he died.
Virginia- Kentucky Resolutions
Resolutions secretly made to get the rights back taken away by the alien and sedation acts. Made by Jefferson and James Madison 1798. Signed by KY and VA. Brought back a compact theory which gave the states more power than the fed gov
Atomic Energy Commission
Created in 1946 to oversee the research and production of atomic power.
43. The Puritans believed that the freedom to practice religion should be extended to
a. Puritans only
b. All Protestants
c. All Christians only
d. All Jews and Christians only
e. All inhabitants of the New World, including Africans and Native Am
a. Puritans only
Toussaint L'ouverture
The founder of Haiti, led a great slave rebellion against the French by wiping out the troops with yellow fever from mosquitos that the natives were immune to. Loss for Napoleon's control.
Southern strategy
Used backcountry of the south to break away from traditional routine of battles and hide in landscape to later sneak up on and attack British troops. This soon became known as guerilla warfare.
Roscoe Conkling
A Stalwart leader and part of the political machine
Missouri Compromise (1820)
Explosion in the number of colleges; expansion of state-supported elementary schools; establishment of asylums for humane treatment of the insane; prison reforms
Florida purchase of 1819
Spain ceded Florida and shadowy claims of Oregon.
America abandoned claims over Texas.
5. Cambridge Agreement
1629 - The Puritan stockholders of the Massachusetts Bay Company agreed to emigrate to New England on the condition that they would have control of the government of the colony.
Shay's Rebellion
1786 West MA farmers took up arms and closed gov building and freeing farmers from debtor’s prisons. It was squashed by governmental force.
53 Horace Mann-
during the age of reform 1825-1859 he was an outspoken reformer who focused on education
America’s Response to the London Conference
FDR sent Secretary of State Cordell Hull.  But began to have second thoughts about agenda and announced America’s withdrawal. FDR preferred to solve without other countries being involved. The  conference adjourned without having accomplished anything. America’s attitude of every-man-for-himself played into the hands of the dictators
Panic of 1837
Panic which was caused by Bank War and Specie Circular and destroyed the Second Bank of the US
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
Chartered April, 1949. The 11 member nations agreed to fight for each other if attacked. It is an international military force for enforcing its charter.
In the presidential election of 1848:
Lewis Cass came in second place.
Augustus Longstreet, Joseph Baldwin, Johnson Hooper
One group of writers who prduced works that were more broadly American, these were writers from the fringes of plantation society, who depicted the world of the backwoods rural areas. They focused on ordinary people and poor whites. Their works were sometimes painfully realistic. These southern realists established a tradition of American regional humor that was ultimatly to find its most powerful voice in Mark Twain.
Three Mile Island
a core meltdown in Unit 2 of the Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania
31. As a result of the Treaty of Paris, the United States gained all of the following EXCEPT
a. fishing rights off the coast of Canada
b. British recognition of U.S. independence
c. a western boundary on the Mississippi River
d. the territory of F
d. the territory of Florida
27. Which of the following is a correct statement about the American colonies in the 1770's before the outbreak of the Revolutionary War?
a. Except for a few radicals, Americans generally accepted the policies of George III's ministers
b. Most Ameri
b. Most Americans resisted the British government's efforts to impose new taxes
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