APUSH Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
NAACP
Taft
Paine-Aldrich Tariff
Taft
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Harrison
Alien and Sedition Acts
Adams
Whigs
conservatives and popular with pro-Bank people and plantation owners. They mainly came from the National Republican Party, which was once largely Federalists. They took their name from the British political party that had opposed King George during the American Revolution. Their policies included support of industry, protective tariffs, and Clay's American System. They were generally upper class in origin. Included Clay and Webster
mercantilism
mercantile practices or spirit; commercialism.
Penn, William
Became an evangelist for Quakerism.
Whigs
were conservatives & popular with pro-Bank people and plantation owners (Henry Clay, Daniel Webster)
tenure
the holding or possessing of anything:
economic (hamiltonian) republicanism
rational self-interest (doing things to benefit you and thus the community)
Society of Cincinnati
exclusive hereditary order. were ridiculed by most Americans. created by the Continental Army of officers.
Five Nations
The federation of tribes occupying northern New York: the Mohawk, the Oneida, the Senecca, the Onondaga, and the Cayuga. The federation was also known as the "Iriquois," or the League of Five Nations, although in about 1720 the Tuscarora tribe was added as a sixth member. It was the most powerful and efficient North American Indian organization during the 1700s. Some of the ideas from its constitution were used in the Constitution of the United States.
Andrew Carnegie
Creates Carnegie Steel. Gets bought out by banker JP Morgan and renamed U.S. Steel. Andrew Carnegie used vertical integration by buying all the steps needed for production. Was a philanthropist. Was one of the "Robber barons"
Hiram Johnson
Republican gov of California, dynamic prosecutor of grafters helped break the dominant grip of the Southern Pacific Railroad on California politics and set up his own political machine
Great Rapprochement
also known as reconciliation; British wanted to cultivate Yankee friendship and thus inaugurated an era of "patting the eagle's head" which replaced "twisting the lion's tail"; new Anglo-American cordiality became a cornerstone of both nations' foreign policies as the twentieth century opened
Samuel Hopkins Adams
demonstrated that patent medicines were often pernicious compounds of alcohol and other drugs.
Powers specifically given to Congress in the Constitution; including the power to collect taxes, coin money, regulate foreign and interstate commerce, and declare war.
Enumerated powers
ideology
the body of doctrine, myth, belief, etc., that guides an individual, social movement, institution, class, or large group.
King George III
Enter your back text here.
Civil Rights Act
1964 law prohibiting discrimination of African Americans in employement, voting, or public accomidations. Also said there could be no discrimination against race, color, sex, religion, or national origin.
Protestant Reformation
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
Great White Fleet
American Navy's world tour; pressure Japan into "Gentlemen's Agreement"; T. Roosevelt
Grover Cleveland
1885-1889. He is most associated with civil service reform, was known for honesty, had little contact with discontented labor groups, and was one of the only democratic presidents during the Gilded Age. He is credited with restoring presidential prestige.
Thomas Paine
writer that wrote "common sense" and "the american crisis"
Political machine
an organized group that controls a political party in a city and offers services to voters and businesses in exchange for poetical and financial support
standard gauge
setting the standard so that all railways are the same size so that any train can travel on any track
lincolns political opponents
copperheads, knights of the golden circle, Valandingham.
external taxes on colonial imports. Non-importation agreements; Letters of a Farmer in Pennsylvania
Townshend Acts (1767)
Joseph McCarthy
Senator caused a witch hunt through the State Department for Communists
john c. calhoun
vice president of the U.S. 1825–32.
Charles C. Pickney
ran with Adams for the federalist party in the election of 1800
The Great Compromise
set up a two-house congress (senate and house of representatives)
Peace of Utrecht, 1713
Ended Queen Anne's War. Undermined France's power in North America by giving Britain the Hudson Bay, Newfoundland, and Nova Scotia.
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
brought tariff to the highest level in its history
in retaliation, foreign countries set tariffs on american goods, creating a decline in exports and further deepening the economic depression
this was another expression of isolationism
Peace of Paris
(1763) peace agreement signed to end Seven Years War/ French Indian War. British dominated outside of Europe.
dollar diplomacy
on the foreign policy of the Taft administration; 1) using foreign policy to protect Wall Street dollars invested abroad; 2) using Wall Street dollars to uphold foreign policy
Gadsend purchase
Pierce purchased strip of land at tip of New Mex. - provide route for trans-continental rr
an American activist on behalf of the indigent insane who, through a vigorous program of lobbying state legislatures and the United States Congress, created the first generation of American mental asylums
Dorothea Dix:
sugar act
a law passed by the British Parliament in 1764 raising duties on foreign refined sugar imported by the colonies so as to give British sugar growers in the West Indies a monopoly on the colonial market.
Chief Justice John Marshall
a Federalist whose decisions on the U.S. Supreme Court promoted federal power over state power and established the judiciary as a branch of government equal to the legislative and executive
Battle of New Orleans
Jackson led a battle that occurred when British troops attacked U.S. soldiers in New Orleans on January 8, 1815; the War of 1812 had officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in December, 1814, but word had not yet reached the U.S.
Custer's Last Stand
happened when gold was found on the Black Hill's Reservation and the Indians responded violently. A vain and rash Colonel, named Custer, tried to attack the Sioux under Rain-in-the-Face, Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. Custer misjudged the number of indians, was surrendered and was killed along with all his men
Black Friday
Sept 24 1869 Jim Fisk and Jay Gould bid gold way higher than it really was which forced Grant to give money from the treasury, causing a mini crisis.
While not authorizing the free and unlimited coinage of silver that the Free Silver supporters wanted, it increased the amount of silver the government was required to purchase every month.
Sherman Silver Purchase Act:
George Mason, Bill of Rights
He opposed the Constitution because it didn't protect individual rights. His opposition led to the inclusion of the Bill of Rights.
(John J. "Black Jack") Pershing
veteran of the Cuban and Philippine campaigns; ordered to break up the bandit band; hastily organized fore of several thousand horse-borne troops penetrated deep into rugged Mexico and clashed with Carranza's forces and mauled the Villistas but missed capturing Villa himself
Bank of United States
bank set up in 1794 to hold government deposits and to issue paper money to pay government bills.`
Refers to the period after the War of 1812 during the presidency of James Monroe, when competition among political parties was at a low ebb.
Era of Good Feelings
Why is the election of 1840 the first modern election?
both parties campaigned among all eligible voters
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