Short Fiction Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Plot
storyline
The trout
Sean O'faolain
The quiet man
Maurice Walsh
Delusion
A false or psychotic belief.
metaphor
a comparison between two unlike entities that does not use the words "like" or "as"
Foil Character
character whose situation parallels those of a major character- usually complimentary to major character
flashback
a scene that interrupts the present action to tell about earlier events
Dramatic Irony
Discrepancy between what the character know and what the reader or audience knows.
stereotype
an oversimplified idea about what a person or group is like
Tone
how the author feels about the characters
Diction
author's choice of words, taking into account correctness, clearness and effectiveness
Dynamic Character
A character that develops through out the story.
foreshadowing
use of clues to suggest what will happen later in the story
objective
the author tells the story using the third person, but is limited to reporting what the characters say or do; the author does not interpret their behavior or tell us their private thoughts or feelings
Situational Irony
contrast between what happens and what is expected
falling action
events after the climax, leading to the resolution
rising action
the development of plot in a story that precedes and leads up to the climax
Round Character
Character that is one who has been fully developed.
suspense
the quality of a story that keeps one reading to find out what happens
Plot Manipulation
a situation in which an author gives the plot a twist or turn unjustified by preceding action or by the characters involved
plot manipulations
a turn in the plot that is unjustified by teh situation or characters
The Laughing Man
J.D Salinger, a story about a man who tells kids about "the laughing man" and he makes up his own story about this man who was hated
They contain a handful of characters and have an uncomplicated plot line.
Third difference of short stories from other genres.
protagonist
main character
theme
universal life message
conflict
problem a character faces
Setting
where a story takes place
characterization
revealing a character through speech, actions, description, or thoughts
Satire
writing that ridicules some social ill or human weakness
Mood
General feeling a reader gets when reading the story.
Omniscient
author tells story using third person, but knows all
Cathedral
Raymond Carver, a women has a very good friend who is blind, she is married but she is always in communication with this man and he comes to visit them at her house. The husband doesn't like this man but they start to get along toward the end.
anecdote
a very brief story, recalled by a character in the middle of a narrative, about in interesting or humorous event
Flat Character
Minor character who is not developed or given much detail.
artistic unity
everything contained in the story is relevant and contributes to the meaning, nothing there for its own sake or excitement
Teenage Wasteland
Anne Tyler, a boy named Donny who disobeys his parents and causes trouble in school. He meets a man who is supposed to be there to help him but he ends up just making it seem like everything Donny is doing is ok. At the end of the story Donny runs away and they do not find him.
Usurer
One who lens money, usually at a high interest rate.
narrator
a person or character in whose voice a story is told
Indeterminate ending
an ending in which the central problem or conflict is left unresolved
Static Character
A character that does not change in a story.
Point of View
the perspective from which a story is told
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