Short Story Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
acrid
bitter
fiancée
Verlobte
peril
danger
amiability
friendly; sociable
to boast
angeben
spasmodically
adv, spasmic
Roman Fever
Edith Warton
Craggy
rugged; harsh; rough
prodigious
amazing, wondoerful, enormous
Denizens
(noun) inhabitants or occupants
sandra cisneros
author of "eleven"
conflict
struggle between opposing forces
Nicolai Chukovski
Author of "The Bridge"
Ambiguity
Multiple meanings introduced to increase the complexity of a work.
inciting incedent
introduces the main conflict
estasy
noun
intense joy or delight; bliss
fastidious
excessively particular, critical, or demanding; hard to please:
Stoic
(noun) someone who is seemingly indifferent to emotions
Madame Loizel
Main character in "The Necklace"
paradox
statement that seems to be contradictory but is, in fact, true
irony
the general term for literary techniques that portrays differences between appearance and reality, or expectation and result.
NYC
What city does Helen take place in?
Saunter
(verb) a leisurely walk (usually in some public place)
Amontillado
A special wine made in Montilla, Spain
Omniscient POV
"All-knowing," story told by outside voice, not a character. Tells you what's going on in all characters' minds. Pronouns: he, she, they.
plot
the sequence of events in a story
structure
the way a story is put together
madonna
the Virgin Mary (usually prec. by the).
inexorable
(adj) not to be persuaded, moved, or stopped
cataclysm
an event resulting in great loss and misfortune
euphemism
figure of speech used to avoid being mean or causing pain
Scruple
an uneasy feeling that keeps us from doing immoral things;  conscience
What type of characters go through a change?
Dynamic
Invokes
(verb) to call upon a higher power for assistance
Purchase
a firm hold applied to moving a heavy object
What is the most essential part of the story?
conflict
The Interlopers
The climax of the story is when the two men, Ulrich and Georg, make their peace and bury their feud. However, they are still trapped underneath the tree. The hear voices in the distance, and the hope is that they will be saved by their men, and that the men will go on from hear, friends. However, before they can see either group of men approaching, they see a pack of wolves gathering. The readers are left to believe that the men, although having made peace, will now be victim to the violence of the animals
The Lady or the Tiger
-The story is told in third-person omniscient point of view. This means that the narrator knows the thoughts and actions of all the characters. The narrator sets the story in fairy-tale mode — "In the very olden time" — and then addresses the reader directly, in the first-person mode, after the young man makes his choice. The narrator comments on the story, elaborating on the princess's role, and challenging the reader to consider wisely, because "it is not for me to presume to set myself up as the one person able to answer [the question of her decision]. And so I leave it with all of you." The purpose of this address is to place the responsibility for analyzing the story and answering the question posed in the story's title squarely upon the reader's shoulders.
Setting
The story is set in an imaginary time and place, in a kingdom whose king is "semi-barbaric." His autocratic style is described in detail, and the narrator comments at length on his splendid arena. It has tiers upon tiers, galleries, and doors at and below ground level, with curtains round them so that no hint of what is behind them is revealed. If the tiger eats the prisoner, mourners await, and if the lady marries the prisoner, priests are ready to perform the marriage ceremony. The setting bears many similarities to the Coliseum in Rome, which was the scene of elaborate and bloody gladiatorial games for centuries.
Structure
Written with many conventions of a fairy tale, "The Lady, or the Tiger?" is divided into three parts. The first part presents the background of the princess and the courtier's particular dilemma, describing the king's justice system and acclimating the reader to this odd kingdom. The second part of the story concerns the love affair, the king's discovery of it, and the young man's sentencing to trial in the arena. In the third part, the narrator focuses on the princess's decision-making process and describes the moment of crisis in the arena, when the reader must decide what is behind the fateful right-hand door.
The obvious climax of the story should come after the lover opens the door indicated by the princess. But Stockton plays with the reader's expectations by refusing to tell what is behind that door. He directly challenges readers to make up their own minds based on their knowledge of the princess. In doing so, the story never reaches its climax and contains no resolution. By subverting the traditional story structure with this open ending, Stockton places responsibility for the story's interpretation completely with the reader.
Fairy Tale
In order to highlight their timeless messages, fairy tales usually take place in an indeterminate time and place. Such is the case with "The Lady, or the Tiger?," which takes place in a kingdom, though no country or year is specified. Fairy tales also rely on stock characters, many of which are represented in Stockton's story, including the vengeful king, the beautiful princess, and the handsome suitor. A handsome but unworthy man falling in love with a vengeful king's daughter is a typical fairy-tale situation, and how their love will transcend the king's wrath is a typical fairy-tale conflict. Unlike a traditional fairy tale, though, the story does not end "happily ever after," and it is the shock of its abrupt ending that jars readers who were expecting a more traditional outcome.
Examples of foreshadowing in "The Monkey's Paw"
-Last owner's last wish was for death -The monkey's paw moved when wish was made -when playing chess, the father put his King in danger without thinking, and he puts his son in danger without thought when he wishes on the paw
to see her father, to get the part of Helen, for Mr. Farfel to go away
What were the three wishes Vita made in Helen?
Endeavored
Tried
obwohl
although
burlesque
exaggeration
Papas parrot
fiction
Chaotic
confused; disordered
luminous
emitting light
Hades (DD)
hell
remorse
regret; guilt
Was Margot peaceful?
Yes
revoke
to take away
afflicted
suffering or sickened
absurd
adj. ridiculous; nonsensical
catatonic epilepsy
sounds/looks dead
Peter
to become less
tribunal
court of justice (n)
indignation
anger resulting from injustice
A Common Confusion
Franz Kafka
feigned
a farce to pretend
Literary Canon
Accepted works
Not Dfinate
huts
music/sound comes out of
noble
showing good character or morals
intricate
complex; full of complicated detail
stereotype
something which lacks individualizing characteristics and so represents its class
precariously
unsteadily; in an unstable manner
inestimable
too valuable to be measured
good advice..
salmon rushdie 3rd person
Pious
Religious showing reference to god
frenzy
extreme mental agitation; wild excitement or derangement.
filial
pertaining to a son or daughter
tremulousness
adj - shaking or quivering slightly
Gwen
• Character: Getting married (Annie sees this as a lack of freedom), acts like a school girl> so says Annie'
. Narrator:
the teller of a story
Pelayo
discovers the man, begrudgingly keeps him in the coop, greedy (protagonist)
hyperbole
figure of speech; exaggerates for effect
image
language that creates a concrete representation of an object or experience
enigma
a puzzling or inexplicable occurrence or situation:
responsibility
an obligation, something a person must do
The 9billion Names Of God.
Arthur C. Clarke.
setting
The time, place, and environment in which action takes place.
prodigy
a young person who is exceptionally talented or intelligent
Deliberation
N. discussion or consideration by a group of persons of the reasons for and against a measure
blues ain't no mockingbird
theme-race and representation
main topic-pride and sticking up for yourslef
Mary E. Wilkins Freeman
The Revolt of "Mother"
In Tuesday Siesta, what clues does Marquez provide to indicate his tone?
sympathy
UNRELIABLE NARRATOR
An imaginary storyteller or character who describes what he witnesses accurately, but misinterprets those events because of faulty perception, personal bias, or limited understanding. Often the writer or poet creating such an unreliable narrator leaves clues so that readers will perceive the unreliability and question the interpretations offered.
pantaloon
a man's close-fitting garment for the hips and legs, worn esp. in the 19th century, but varying in form from period to period; trousers.
periscope
an instrument used to see objects not in a direct line from the viewer
ACM Main characters
Truman and "my friend" Sook faulk
Epiphany
"How I Met My Husband" When Edie realizes Chris is never gonna actually write her and she doesn't go out to the mailbox anymore
Chicago
In After 20 Years, where is Bob wanted?
heresy
n. an action or opinion contrary to what is generally thought of as right
invalid
adj. too ill to live a normal life
Theme
The world goes on with or without people
accumulate
verb: to gather or pile up especially little by little; amass
what is dialogue
a conversatoin between characters that gives backround info about the characters, revelas character and character relationships, sets up a surpise, intensifies the action in the story, or advances the story
Foreshadowing
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
Jhumpa Lahiri
Who wrote "When Mr. Pirzada Came to Dine"
omniscient third person
the narrator does not participate in the actio and is all knowing. The narrator knows more about the characters than anyone in the story
NARRATIVE
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.
The blind man
The Robert wifes friend whose wife has died. He is visiting Robert and his wife.
clayton forrest
is a attorney that she calls her dad from
point of view
the perspective of which the story is told
"Amigo Brothers" by Piri Thomas
Antonio Cruz and Felix Vargas are seventeen-year-old best friends who both dream of becoming the light-weight champions of the world. Before a roaring crowd, the boys trade punishing blows through three furious rounds. At the end of the final round, they rush to embrace each other, and as the referee is about to announce the winner, the boys are out of earshot, having already left the ring arm in arm.
irony of a situation
a situation or event in which things turn out contrary to what is naturally expected to occur
3rd person narrator
he, she, it, them = tells the story of others ( not personally involved)
what kind of story is "my friend Lucy"?
a plotless short story (missing a climax, resolution, and conclusion)
Nightfall.
Emerson.
Bagglioni
Proffessor
girl
jamaica kincaid
crevice
narrow opening
multitudinous
very numerous
Mr. Bear
Appetizer
disconsolate
very unhappy
calculating (adj)
crafty; cunning
composure
calmness of mind
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Nature
The Sniper
Liam O'Flaherty
virulent
hostile, hateful, antagonistic
The Metamorphosis
Franz Kafka
oppressive
heavy; hard to endure
"The Confidence Man"
George Garrett
lucre
informal terms for money
rising action
complications and twists
morose
adj. sad, gloomy, depressed
Charles
Behaivior and the Truth
Immense
Unlimited ;with no bounds
consummate
to the highest degree; ultimate
antagonist in the lottery
the lottery
General Zaroff
antagonist for Dangerous Game
The Most Dangerous Game
Richard Connell
"Barn Burning"- rite of passage
self-preservation
Spring and All
William Carlos Williams
languor
lack of energy or vitality
disregard (verb)
to pay no attention to
Tangible
Capable of being percieved ecspecially by the sense of touch; substantially real.
antagonist in the cask of amontillado
montressor
Allegory
"YGB" uses allegory to represent spiritual/moral crisis
Necklace (Point of view)
3rd person omnicient
Symbol
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
rampart
n. a defensive or protective barrier
perverse
determinedly going against what is right; wayward or difficult to get along with.
incessant
adj: continuing or following without interruption; unceasing
bazaar
a marketplace or shopping center, esp. in the Middle East
squabble
a noisy quarrel usually over petty matters
connived
to plan secretly or allow something bad to happen
amorphous
adj. without a clearly defined shape or form; "a misty thought"
denouement
Literally, the "untying of the knot;" the final outcome, solution, or unraveling of the principal dramatic conflict in a literary work.
aquiver
marked by trembling or quivering with excitement
alert
an automatic signal (usually a sound) warning of danger
life savers
Waverly uses... instead of chess pieces
flashback
looks back at events that have already occured
Which of the folloling words or phrases signals that a writer is presenting an example
such as
external conflict
a conflict outside of a character, such as with another character or a force of nature
The New Kid
Main Character: Marty; New Kid; punchball boys (Paulie, Eddie, Gelberg)
Setting: Mid 1900s( reference made to Polo Grounds); Neighborhood street, city suburbs
Conflict: Marty vs. punch ball boys; Marty vs. New kid
Irony/ Foreshadowing: Marty was bullied but likes to bully others; marty too late, boys drawing scoreboard
Theme: People try to gain power by exerting power over other more vulnerable people
falling action
events after the climax, leading to the resolution
Circumscribe
V. to constrict the range or activity of definitely and clearly
"A White Heron"- rite of passage
coming of age
The Bet
the banker
the lawyer bet the banker that the banker wouldnt stay in solitary confinement (jail) for five years but then the banker changes it to 15 years
dramatic irony
a contrast between what a character believes and what the reader know to be true. In other words, the reader knows more than the characters
When some rats return defeated from the attack on the patrol boat, the narrator says that the other rats greeted them with "shrill cries...with...a derisive note..." The author is showing that the rats
Have humanlike qualities
The red headed league: Dr. Watson
assistant to Mr. Holmes
How much land does a man need
Leo Tolstoy, russian
scree
a steep mass of detritus on the side of a mountain
The Rumor; John Updike
Frank (Sharon's husband) questions his sexuality after a rumor of his being gay.
what is sarcasm
harsh, cutting, personal remarks to or about someone
symbolism in "the scarlet ibis"
scarlit ibis symbolizes doodle because doodle is alone and out of place just like the scarlet ibis without its flock
ted lavender:
carried dope, scared , he could die at any time , got shot in head
what is external physical conflict
when the protagonist struggles against another person (antagonist) or nature (animal or weather) with his ophysical strength
"The White Heron"- summary
A stranger comes upon the swamp land that Sylvia lives. The only friend she has is the cow. This stranger comes and offers them money if they can help him find the white heron. He is an ornithologist, a person who studies birds. Sylvia finds the white heron's secret, where it lives, but keeps it a secret from the strnager that is her friend now. The stranger uses her love to get this, but she refuses to give him the white heron's secret for ten dollars.
Protect Her from Pain
Why does Stacy's Paw Paw sanp at her because of the ribbons?
what does the quilt in "everyday use" represent and why does maggie get the quilt?
the quilt represents the american heritage and maggie gets it because she shows her heritage the whole time
whats the irony bnetween the blindman and the husband?
the blind man is the most happy, open minded, and positive
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