Social Psychology Final Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Prosocial behavior
Positive, constructive, helpful social behavior; the opposite of antisocial behavior.
10. When questioned, most participants in bystander experiments express resentment over being deceived.             A)        True             B)        False  
            B)        False
6. The Kennedy experiment demonstrates how arbitration can reduce conflict.             A)        True             B)        False
            B)        False
Social comparison
Evaluating one’s abilities and opinions by comparing oneself to others.
Muzafer Sherif helped clarify the conditions that produce intergroup _____ and _____.A)bystander apathy; diffusion of responsibilityB)social facilitation; social loafingC)conflict; harmonyD)obedience; conformity
C)conflict; harmony
5. Alcohol can diminish restraints on aggression.             A)        True             B)        False
            A)        True
Reciprocity norm
An expectation that people will help, not hurt, those who have helped them.
1. Shared goals that necessitate cooperative effort are said to be             A)        reciprocal.             B)        superordinate.             C)        equitable.             D
            B)        superordinate.
Bargaining
Seeking an agreement to a conflict through direct negotiation between parties.
3. The social-responsibility norm is an expectation that people will             A)        help those who really need it.             B)        help those who have helped them.             C)      
            A)        help those who really need it.
Dr. Krane studies questions such as why we conform to group norms, what compels us to obey authority figures, and the conditions under which people will help a stranger. Dr. Krane's research focuses on an area of social psychology called:A)social cognitio
C)social influence.
The branch of psychology that studies how people think, feel, and behave in social situations is called:A)cognitive psychology.B)personality psychology.C)developmental psychology.D)social psychology.
D)social psychology.
6. Sherif's experiments in a boys' summer camp demonstrated how             A)        appeals to altruistic norms create reactance and thus more conflict.             B)        conflict can be reduced through regula
            D)        competition can produce conflict.
5. The Prisoner's Dilemma is an example of a non-zero-sum game.             A)        True             B)        False
            A)        True
7. GRIT uses conciliation to reduce conflict.             A)        True             B)        False
            A)        True
8. Students who listened over an intercom to a victim lapse into an epileptic seizure were most likely to help if they believed             A)        they were the only listeners.             B)        two others al
            A)        they were the only listeners.
9. Countries that ban handguns have lower murder rates than nations where guns are easily available.             A)        True             B)        False
            A)        True
3. Which of the following has research identified as a biological influence upon aggression?             A)        testosterone             B)        heredity             C)        low blood sugar
            D)        all of these
1. Aggression is any behavior that results in harm coming to another person.                   A)        True             B)        False
            B)        False
10. Tom, who tends to be extroverted, has just moved into the dormitory at Big State University. He is most likely to make friends with             A)        Bill, his next-door neighbor.             B)        John
            A)        Bill, his next-door neighbor.
4. Women more than men worry about their physical appearance, and they constitute 90 percent of cosmetic surgery patients.             A)        True             B)        False
            A)        True
Bystander effect
The finding that a person is less likely to provide help when there are other bystanders.
17. As part of therapy, a clinical psychologist encourages her patients to install a punching bag in their homes to release hostility. The therapist apparently believes in             A)        social learning theory.        
            C)        the catharsis hypothesis.
5. Peggy Jean does not feel angry at her preschool classmate, Jerry Lee, when she pushes him off his wagon. She just wants to use the wagon. Peggy Jean is committing an act of             A)        genetic aggression.        
            C)        instrumental aggression.
When Yoshiko's hard work and ability landed a big contract for her company, she would not accept the credit, insisting it was pure luck. When she failed to get the contract in another situation, however, she said it was her fault for not trying hard enou
D)the self-effacing, or modesty, bias.
3. Contact between opposing racial groups reduces hostility             A)        if it occurs in a competitive situation where parties are likely to communicate with each other.             B)        if the minorit
C)        if it is structured to convey equal status.
In Milgram's original obedience experiment, subjects who were assigned the role of “teacher”:A)were deceived about the real role of the learner and the level of shock that he actually received.B)were told to stop whenever they felt the slightest disco
A)were deceived about the real role of the learner and the level of shock that he actually received.
15. Which of the following would be an example of aggression as defined in the text? A)        a wife deliberately belittles her husband in front of friends after he  burns the pot roast             B)        a golfer acciden
A)        a wife deliberately belittles her husband in front of friends after he  burns the pot roast
9. In studying the capacity of electric shock to elicit attack behavior in rats, Nathan Azrin and his colleagues found that A)        the shocked animals were choosy about their attack targets and would only attack other animals of the same spec
C)        as soon as rats felt pain they attacked each other.
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