social studies Egypt Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Mastabas
earliest egyption tomb
Silt
rich fertile land
Egypt
desert country with little rainfall
Nun
The dark waters of chaos
Pharaoh
A ruler of ancient Egypt
Hatshepsut
created beautiful temples and expanded trade(punt)
Tawaret
The goddess that protected women during pregnancy and childbirth
cataracts
wild rapids on the nile river
papyrus
a reed growing along the nile river
Akhenaten
pharoah who attempted to create the world's first monothistic religon by shutting down all temples and worshipping only the sun disc; aten
Ahmose
First pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, brother of Kamose - Unified Egypt into one large empire
Isis
Protector goddess of Osiris and the living
Osiris
Ruler of the underworld, killed by Set
delta
the flower-like feature that is formed where the Nile River meets the Mediterranean Sea
Hieroglyphics
The ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictorial symbols stand for words or sounds
nile river
longest river in the world)over 4000 miles)
Rosetta stone
this was the key to deciphering egyption hieroglyphics
Dynasty
A series of rulers from the same family
Middle Kingdom
the period of egyptian history that began around 2,050 b.c.
king tut
his was the only tomb found intact with all possessions and his mummy inside
Cataract
Steep rapids in a river; a very large waterfall
Jean François Champollion
A young French scholar in the 1820's that unlocked the mystery of hieroglyphs
what did Hatshepsut do?
she was a good trader and her rule was good for Egypt but she stole the throne from Thutmose lll
Hierologlyphics
g
Pyramids
huge stone toumbs
mummy
a wrapped up body
Social Pyramid
how society was organized
Vizier
Pharaoh's most important advisor who carried out the pharaoh's edicts, and took care of the day-to-day running of the government
Nilometer
measuring devices, some looked like giant yard sticks made from marble, others were more elaborate. used for measurong the rise ogf the nile
Thutmose III
Who reconquered Syria and Palestine?
ammut
the eater (the monster); (eats the heart)
Thebes
the middle kingdoms capital was moved to
Nubia
was an ancient kingdom south of Egypt
natron
powdery white salt. had ability to draw water from skin and other tissues, found near nile
Ma'at
Goddess of the truth, justice, and harmony
Akhenaton
Egyptian pharaoh of the New Kingdom; attempted to establish a one-god religion, replacing the traditional Egyptian pantheon of gods.
what did the nile river do yearly
it flooded
Chamomile
a composite plant that is usually used for medicine and tea
sphinx
a monument of a mythical creature with body of a lio, and head of a pharaoh
Imhotep
Name of the architect who designed the Step Pyramid
irrigation
the watering of dry land by means of canals or pipes
re
sun god. has head of a hawk, often sundisk on head
Empire
a group of lands and peoples ruled by one government
Define Dynasty
When a family rules over a period of time
What did the double crown stand for/represent?
It represents the unification (joining) of Upper and Lower Egypt
plant and grow wheat and barley
The rich soil along the nile river helped early farmers do what?
Nastaba
g
Define Papyrus
Thin Reed
Ra
sun god, creation god
taxes
Hieroglyphics helped Egyptian scribes keep records of
ibu
place of purification, tent where embalmers wash the body with good smelling oils and rinse it with water from the Nile
Herodotus
Greek author who traveled throughout the known world.
Scribe
a professional writer who kept records and copied letters and official documents
Menes
Founder of the first Egyptian dynasty. Unified upper and lower Egypt.
horus
the protector of the rulers of egypt; king of Egypt; ruler of Egypt
Pyramid
house of eternal life, purpose was to protect the tombs of pharaohs
Ba
a persons soul which was belived to live on earth after a persons death
King Muwatalli
Ruler of Hittites, Battle of Kadesh against Ramses II
King Menes
Legand tells that who united Upper and Lower Egypt?
Valley of Kings
west of the thebes in ancient egypt, the burial place of thirty new kingdom pharohs
Lower Egypt is located
in the NORTHERN (bottom) part of Egypt
Whose pyramid was the great pyramid's?
Khufu's pyramid was the great pyramid
What are the 5 gifts of the Nile River?
1. Water
2. Black Mud/Silt
3. Papyrus
4. Edible Water Birds/Fish
5. Transportation
Shadoof
g
Atum
the creator god
Kerma
capital of Kush
nobles
people from rich and powerful familes
Mediterranean Sea
where does Nile River empties?
Bes
The protector of pregnant women, newborn babies, and the family
Why was the Rosetta Stone important?
g
Kush
an ancient kingdom in north eastern Africa, conquered by Egypt. It latered regained independence and flourished through trade between.
ka
the spiritual duplicate of a persons body
Hathor
Protector goddess also goddess of love and joy
Pharoh
The title used by the rulers of Egypt
Step Pyramid
symbolized a giant stairway for the pharaohs to climb to the sun god.
wheat
what did Egyptians grow that they used to make bread?
Nefertiti
queen of Egypt and wife of Akhenaton (14th century BC)
white
What was the color of the crown of Upper Egypt?
5000 BC
In what year did farming begin in Egypt?
Ramses 1
First ruler of the 19 dynasty. Was buried in a small and poorly decorated tomb in the valley of the kings.
for 3000 years
How long did Egypts way of governing last?
What is the LIFELINE of the ancient Egyptians?
The Nile River
was the floods good for egypt or bad
good because it made silt
What were irrigation systems used for?
This is how Egyptians got water from the Nile River to their fields/farms
bent Pyramid
Djoser's pyramid
Nepthys
Protector goddess of the dead
anubis
god of embalming and the dead
740
number of egyptian gods and goddesses
Memphis
the capital of Egypt's Old Kingdom, located on the Nile near present-day Cairo
Old Kingdom
age of pyramids, capital was Memphis
inudation
the time between july and november when every year, the nile flooded the farmland along the nile banks
Unification
the joining of seperate parts into one
national gods
worshipped in grand temples all over the country
flase beard
the beard pharaohs wore for ceremonies attached by glue/ string
Regent
Someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule.
longest
The nile river is the ______ river in the world.
intermediate periods
3 of them. time between kingdoms, king was weaker, great disorder and confussion
Battle of Kadesh
Ramses II's battle between Egypt and Hittites, led to the peace treaty
Small Scale
is it small or large scale map which shows a big area in less detail
the first organized government representing one group of people
The uniting of Egypt marked the beginning of the world's first what?
Medicine, Canoes, 365 day Calendar, Irrigation
Name four legacies from the Egyptians we use today
What were some things that happened as a "result of the mummy's curse"?
His dog howled and died when the tomb was discovered, his bird was swallowed by a cobra, a plane crashed and some people died.
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