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1776 | Key Figures

Key Figure Description
General George Washington General George Washington, while a natural leader, is not a brilliant military strategist. He can be indecisive and make tactical mistakes, but his dogged perseverance won the war for the American colonists. Read More
Joseph Reed Joseph Reed is George Washington's secretary as well as a close confidant, friend, and trusted advisor. Read More
General Nathanael Greene General Nathanael Greene, a Quaker from Rhode Island, fights under Washington's command. Read More
Colonel Henry Knox Colonel Henry Knox (later a General) is a young Boston bookseller who fights loyally under Washington's command. Read More
General William Howe General William Howe arrives during the Siege of Boston and acts as the general commander in chief of the British Forces. Read More
Admiral Richard Howe Admiral Richard Howe, also known as Admiral Lord Howe, is in charge of the massive British Navy. He is also the brother of General William Howe, who is the commander in chief of the British forces. Read More
General Henry Clinton General Henry Clinton is second in command in the British army. Read More
Abigail Adams Abigail Adams is the wife of John Adams.
John Adams John Adams is one of George Washington's advisors in Congress and one of the authors of the Declaration of Independence.
Benedict Arnold Benedict Arnold is an aggressive colonel from Connecticut who leads a surprise attack on the British at a battle in Quebec.
Major General John Burgoyne Major General John Burgoyne, considered one of King George III's best major generals, is sent to America to help lead the British effort.
General Charles Cornwallis General Charles Cornwallis, an English aristocrat who takes General Henry Clinton's place, is a lifelong military student and career general.
Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence and part of the congressional committee, meets with Admiral Richard Howe but does not back down from the independence effort.
General Gage General Gage is the first British commander in chief in Boston, whom the king replaces with General Howe.
King George III King George III, crowned in 1760, is fond of pomp and has never served as a soldier. Nor has he ever been to America. However, he is certain the rebellious colonists must be made to obey his rule.
Lord George Germain King George III appoints Lord Germain as secretary for the American colonies.
Colonel John Glover Colonel Glover commands the Continental Army regiment from Marblehead.
John Greenwood John Greenwood is a young fife player in the Continental Army.
Captain Nathan Hale Captain Nathan Hale is handsome, athletic Yale graduate who volunteers to cross enemy lines in order to bring back intelligence. He is caught and hanged by General William Howe.
John Hancock John Hancock, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence and member of the Continental Congress, corresponds regularly with General George Washington to relay Congress's opinion on important decisions.
Colonel John Haslet Colonel John Haslet commanded the Delaware Regiment. He died in the battle of Princeton in 1777.
General Heath General Heath, a farmer turned general for Washington's army, often takes part in war councils as an advisor.
General Charles Lee Washington's second-in-command, the former British officer General Charles Lee, is intelligent, self-assured, and impatient with his superior officer. The British capture Lee, wearing only his dressing gown and slippers, outside of a tavern in Basking Ridge, New Jersey.
Thomas Mifflin Thomas Mifflin, from Pennsylvania, is a general in Washington's army who, when commanding the rearguard in a massive retreat, makes an almost disastrous mistake by evacuating his troops too early in the battle of Brooklyn.
Lord North Frederick North, or Lord North, is the British prime minister who serves the king faithfully during the war.
Thomas Paine Thomas Paine writes the influential tract Common Sense in favor of American independence.
General Israel Putnam General Israel Putnam, "Old Put," of Connecticut, is brave but lacks the skills of a competent leader.
Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall is the Hessian commander put in charge of defending Trenton, New Jersey.
Captain Archibald Robertson Captain Archibald Roberson of the British army is secretly relieved when General Howe agrees to leave Boston after the Continental Army fortifies Dorchester Heights.
Lord Stirling Lord Stirling of New Jersey is the only American general who claims a title. He leads the army bravely at Brooklyn.
General John Sullivan General John Sullivan is a New Hampshire man who had served with General George Washington in the Continental Congress.
Major General Artemas Ward Major General Artemas Ward, a Massachusetts farmer, justice of the peace, and veteran of the French and Indian War, has command in Boston before General George Washington takes over.
Martha Washington Martha Washington is General George Washington's wife. She is often stationed nearby but at a safe distance from the war.
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