Course Hero. "A Modest Proposal Study Guide." Course Hero. 16 Oct. 2017. Web. 30 Nov. 2021. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/A-Modest-Proposal/>.
Course Hero. (2017, October 16). A Modest Proposal Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved November 30, 2021, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/A-Modest-Proposal/
(Course Hero, 2017)
Course Hero. "A Modest Proposal Study Guide." October 16, 2017. Accessed November 30, 2021. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/A-Modest-Proposal/.
Course Hero, "A Modest Proposal Study Guide," October 16, 2017, accessed November 30, 2021, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/A-Modest-Proposal/.
cottagers: (n) agricultural workers who live in cottages
dam: (n) female parent of an animal, especially a domestic animal
Formosa: (n) former name for Taiwan
gibbet: (n) another name for a gallows, where people are hung or executed
Laplanders: (n) inhabitants of Lapland, an area crossing Norway, Sweden, Finland, and the Kola Peninsula in Russia
Lent: (n) the 40 days between Ash Wednesday and Easter. This is a key period in the Catholic Church calendar.
mandarins: (n) high-ranking members of Chinese society
papist: (n) a disparaging term for members of Roman Catholic faith, referencing their spiritual leader, the pope
Pretender: (n) a nickname (in full, the Old Pretender) for James Francis Edward Stuart (1688–1766), the son of King James II, the Catholic former king of England deposed by William of Orange in 1688. He was called the Old Pretender for being an unsuccessful claimant to the crowns of both England and Scotland.
projectors: (n) people who propose solutions or alternatives, such as politicians or Swift
receipts: (n) alternate spelling for recipes
Salmanaazor: (n) Swift's spelling of the name Psalmanazar, a European who ran an extended hoax in which he pretended to be from Taiwan
shambles: (n) meat markets or slaughterhouses
Topinamboo: (n) the region where the Tupinamba lived. They were an indigenous people living on the east coast of Brazil when the Portuguese arrived.
vintner: (n) someone who makes or sells wine, such as a tavern keeper