An Essay on the Principle of Population | Study Guide

Thomas Robert Malthus

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Thomas Malthus, Chapter 2 opulation cannot increase without the means of subsistence. Sources: BBC, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Library of Economics and Liberty Copyright © 2018 Course Hero, Inc. Mortality Rate of deaths, which stay the same despite societal improvements Providence A belief that God directly effects changes that improve society Key Vice Immoral behavior that is often bad for the person doing it Context Population Control Historically, overpopulation was prevented by famines, wars, and disease, and people had as many children as possible. Industrial Revolution Jobs created by the Industrial Revolution attracted landless workers to urban areas, leading to strains on resources like jobs, housing, and food. England in 1798 Relative peace and improved agricultural production caused population growth, which led to an increased demand for land and jobs. Malthus cemented his religious thinking while studying to become an ordained Christian minister. In his work, he reflected an ideology shaped by the Church of England. His belief that population growth could be checked if people practiced sexual abstinence before marriage came from his religious beliefs. THOMAS MALTHUS1766–1834 Author Misery is a condition that stems from poverty, which curbs overpopulation. Misery Governments are responsible for the health of the population. Population People are responsible for making the world a better place while they are alive. Morality Malthus outlines the inherent dangers of populations that grow too quickly by pointing out that rates of food production and population growth are not equal. This situation, he insists, will lead to mass starvation if births and the population of impoverished people are not reduced. Impending Population Crisis MAIN IDEAS English Original Language 1798 Year Published Thomas Malthus Author An Essay on the Principle of Population Philosophy Nonfiction

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