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Check out this Infographic to learn more about Confucius's Analects. Study visually with character maps, plot summaries, helpful context, and more.

Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, The Guardian Copyright © 2017 Course Hero, Inc. The Master, Chapter 2 f one studies but does not think, one is caught in a trap. Context Zhou Dynasty Confucius sought to preserve the feudal system and traditions established during the Zhou. Mandate of Heaven Confucius believed the feudal rulers of his state had divine right to rule. Influence of Confucianism Chinese government was based on Confucianism from the first century to 1905. The Analectsby the Numbers Approximate number of short pieces (known as chapters) in The Analects 500 Age at which Confucius became a judge in the state of Lu 50 Last year China’s civil service examinations were based on Confucian texts 1905 Zigong Merchant and diplomat Hui The Master’s favorite student; dies young Zilu Prefers action to learning Ran You Also called Master; interested in government Master Zeng Also a teacher; interested in reverence for parents Confucius Original teacher of Confucian philosophy STUDENT STUDENT STUDENT STUDENT STUDENT Key Figures Even as a boy, Confucius valued learning, and he eventually became a teacher at age 30. He also served in government, but his high moral standards caused conflicts with those in power. Although he never found a truly moral state, his philosophy attracted many followers and shaped Chinese culture for thousands of years. CONFUCIUSc. 551–479 BCE Author After the death of Confucius—or simply “the Master”—his followers and students recorded numerous short statements, conversations, and stories that illustrate his teachings. Nearly 2,500 years old, this ancient philosophy still has lessons to teach about consideration, morality, respect, and self-improvement. The Way of the Master MAIN IDEAS Humane Thought & Action Desiring to do what’s right comes from making oneself act and think humanely. Fondness for Learning Lifelong learning is needed to achieve humaneness. Importance of Ritual Observing ritual to honor the gods, family, and others builds compassion. The Way Following the tenets of Confucian philosophy leads one down a path of virtue. Ideal Gentleman The Master’s ideal person—the gentleman—is benevolent and follows ritual. Chinese Original Language 479–221 BCE Years Written Confucius Author The Analects Philosophy Nonfiction

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