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Analects | Book Summaries

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Book Summaries Chart

Book Summary
Book 1 Book 1 introduces many of the main ideas in the Confucian philosophy. The gentleman (ideal person) appears in the very f... Read More
Book 2 Book 2 begins with a few comments on how people should be virtuously governed but then focuses primarily on how virtuous... Read More
Book 3 Book 3 focuses on the importance of ritual, which includes the guidelines and expectations for correct behavior in both ... Read More
Book 4 Book 4 is the first to focus primarily on humaneness, or virtuous thought and action, and its related behaviors. The Mas... Read More
Book 5 The pieces in Book 5 are mostly the Master's reactions to individuals and specific situations, only some of which impart... Read More
Book 6 Book 6, particularly the beginning, contains more of the Master's comments on a number of people and situations, includi... Read More
Book 7 Book 7 provides the most authentic portrait of the Master as a teacher and a learner, mostly from his own words. The fam... Read More
Book 8 Book 8 offers a deeper look into the views of another important teacher in the ongoing Confucian tradition, Master Zeng.... Read More
Book 9 Book 9 starts with the statement that the Master never spoke of, among other things, humaneness. This seems contradictor... Read More
Book 10 Unique in The Analects, Book 10 is almost entirely a description of ritual behavior, such as how to dress, walk, and com... Read More
Book 11 Book 11 reveals a lot about the Master's feelings toward various followers. A number of chapters are devoted to the Mast... Read More
Book 12 Book 12 addresses ideas of humaneness and the gentleman, as well as some thoughts on government. Many chapters take the ... Read More
Book 13 Most of Book 13 relates to government—how to govern correctly and the effects of a virtuous government. Numerous chapter... Read More
Book 14 Book 14, at over 40 chapters, is one of the longest in The Analects, focusing mostly on proper conduct in various situat... Read More
Book 15 Book 15 focuses mainly on the role of a gentlemen and humaneness in government and public service. As seen before, focus... Read More
Book 16 In Book 16 stylistic changes and differences in teaching from previous books start to be seen. These differences tell sc... Read More
Book 17 Book 17 also features a number of differences from earlier parts of The Analects that seem to reflect a later origin. On... Read More
Book 18 Many chapters in Book 18 address the question of whether the virtuous person should withdraw from a chaotic world. In Ch... Read More
Book 19 Although the Master is referenced a few times, mostly by the title Zhongni (Chung-ni), Book 19 consists mostly of the wo... Read More
Book 20 Book 20 contains only three chapters. The first is completely unlike the rest of the collection, seeming to consist of e... Read More
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