Brave New World | Study Guide

Aldous Huxley

Download a PDF to print or study offline.

Study Guide
Cite This Study Guide

How to Cite This Study Guide

quotation mark graphic
MLA

Bibliography

Course Hero. "Brave New World Study Guide." Course Hero. 27 Oct. 2016. Web. 16 July 2018. <https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Brave-New-World/>.

In text

(Course Hero)

APA

Bibliography

Course Hero. (2016, October 27). Brave New World Study Guide. In Course Hero. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Brave-New-World/

In text

(Course Hero, 2016)

Chicago

Bibliography

Course Hero. "Brave New World Study Guide." October 27, 2016. Accessed July 16, 2018. https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Brave-New-World/.

Footnote

Course Hero, "Brave New World Study Guide," October 27, 2016, accessed July 16, 2018, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Brave-New-World/.

Brave New World | Chapter 4, Part 1 | Summary

Share
Share

Summary

On the elevator ride to the roof after work, Lenina approaches Bernard Marx and tells him she accepts his offer to go on vacation with him to the New Mexico Savage Reservation in July. Bernard responds with astonishment, wondering why she's saying this in front of all of the people in the elevator. Lenina, confused by Bernard's reaction, tells him to give her a week's notice before they leave.

The elevator operator announces they've reached the roof and lets everyone out. With the door open, he excitedly repeats "Roof! Roof!"—as though he's never seen sunlight—but then the loudspeaker summons him back to Floor 18.

Outside, Lenina hurries away to meet Henry Foster at the helicopter pad for their trip to play Obstacle Golf. Bernard turns to find the "oddly good-natured" Benito Hoover of the Alpha caste looking down at him. Benito wonders why he looks so unhappy and realizes it must be because he's so short. Bernard's short stature—Benito assumes—must have been caused by alcohol being put into his blood surrogate. Angrily, Benito stuffs a piece of sex-hormone gum into his mouth.

During the helicopter ride, Lenina shows the effectiveness of her hypnopaedia (or sleep-learning) with her comments on the ugliness of the color khaki and on the green-clad Gammas about whom she says, "I'm glad I'm not a Gamma."

Analysis

Chapter 4 begins by saying Lenina had slept with nearly every man on the elevator. She is seen as an object of desire for men and has been put in the role of seductress. However, her interaction with Bernard—a social outcast—proves that she still has independent thoughts, even in the homogenous World State. She may be trying to rebel against the role society has placed on her as a high caste member.

Meanwhile, Bernard—an Alpha Plus—is angry that his smaller stature separates him from the tall and muscular Alpha males like Benito Hoover. Bernard also hates how the other men objectify women, especially Lenina, whom he likes. He rejects the conditioning that promotes the superiority of males over females, and he doesn't care if other disapproves of his thinking. He has been endowed with the intelligence traits given to Alpha-Plus males and is obviously struggling between what he has been conditioned to think and what he feels is right.

This short section foreshadows how individuality counteracts with the World State's ideal of a controlled and subdued society.

Cite This Study Guide

information icon Have study documents to share about Brave New World? Upload them to earn free Course Hero access!